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Scipio Nasica Corculum, P. Cornelius (233)

(2,564 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans
This entry was prepared by Hans Beck and published on 1 October 2010. About this Historian Historian: Scipio Nasica Corculum, P. Cornelius Jacoby number: 233 Attested works: Historian's date: 2nd century BC Historical focus: II. Chronography ( Political-Military History) | C. Autobiographies, Memoirs and Memorabilia | Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 233 F 1 Source: Plutarch, Aemilius Paullus 15.1-16.4 Work mentioned: Source date: 1st century AD 2nd century AD Source language: Greek Fragment subject: military history, ancient - Library of Congress military history, ancient - …

Aratos of Sicyon (231)

(9,644 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans | Eckstein, Arthur
This entry was prepared by Hans Beck and published on 1 April 2013. About this Historian Historian: Aratos of Sicyon Jacoby number: 231 Attested works: Historian's date: 3rd century BC Historical focus: II. Chronography ( Political-Military History) | C. Autobiographies, Memoirs and Memorabilia | Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 231 T 1 Source: Anonymus, Life of Aratos 79.12 M Work mentioned: Source date: 3rd century BC Source language: Greek Fragment subject: military history, ancient - Library of Congress Textual base: Jacoby unknown, Life of Aratos, 79.12 Mκαὶ ἄλλοι δὲ πολλοὶ γεγ…

Ineditum Vaticanum (839)

(5,440 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans
This entry was prepared by Hans Beck and published on 1 April 2011. About this Historian Historian: Ineditum Vaticanum Jacoby number: 839 Attested works: Historian's date: 3rd century BC 2nd century BC Historical focus: III. History of Cities and Peoples ( Horography and Ethnography) | C. Authors on Single Countries | XXIX. Rome and Italy Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 839 F 1 Source: Synesios, Codex vaticanus, 435, fol. 220 Work mentioned: Source date: 1st century AD 2nd century AD Source language: Greek Fragment subject: mythology - Library of Congress Textual base: Jacoby Synesios, Cod…

Diokles of Peparethos (820)

(4,721 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans
This entry was prepared by Hans Beck and published on 1 October 2010. About this Historian Historian: Diokles of Peparethos Jacoby number: 820 Attested works: Historian's date: 3rd century BC Historical focus: III. History of Cities and Peoples ( Horography and Ethnography) | C. Authors on Single Countries | XXIX. Rome and Italy Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 820 T 1 Source: Athenaios, Deipnosophists, 2, 22 Work mentioned: Source date: 2nd century AD 3rd century AD Source language: Greek Fragment subject: food - Library of Congress Textual base: Jacoby Athenaios, Deipnosophists, 2, 22Δι…

Pyrrhos of Epeiros (229)

(1,301 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans
This entry was prepared by Hans Beck and published on 1 October 2010. About this Historian Historian: Pyrrhos of Epeiros Jacoby number: 229 Attested works: Historian's date: 3rd century BC 2nd century BC Historical focus: II. Chronography ( Political-Military History) | C. Autobiographies, Memoirs and Memorabilia | Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 229 F 1 Source: Dionysios of Halikarnassos, Roman Antiquities 20.10.1-2; 20.12.1-2 Work mentioned: Source date: 1st century BC Source language: Greek Fragment subject: military history, ancient - Library of Congress military history, a…

Aufidius, Gnaeus (814)

(1,088 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans
This entry was prepared by Hans Beck and published on 1 October 2010. About this Historian Historian: Aufidius, Gnaeus Jacoby number: 814 Attested works: Historian's date: 1st century BC Historical focus: III. History of Cities and Peoples ( Horography and Ethnography) | C. Authors on Single Countries | XXIX. Rome and Italy Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 814 T 1a Source: Cicero, M. Tullius, Tusculan Disputations, 5, 112 Work mentioned: Source date: 1st century BC Source language: eng Fragment subject: history, ancient - Library of Congress Textual base: Jacoby Cicero, M. Tullius, Tuscul…

Antigonos (816)

(1,907 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans
This entry was prepared by Hans Beck and published on 1 April 2010. About this Historian Historian: Antigonos Jacoby number: 816 Attested works: uncertain: T1, T2, F3; Italian History: F1, F2 Historian's date: 3rd century BC Historical focus: III. History of Cities and Peoples ( Horography and Ethnography) | C. Authors on Single Countries | XXIX. Rome and Italy Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 816 T 1 Source: Dionysios of Halikarnassos, Roman Antiquities, 1,6,1 Work mentioned: uncertain Source date: 1st century AD Source language: Greek Fragment subject: criticism - Library of Congress hi…

Promathion (817)

(1,424 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans
This entry was prepared by Hans Beck and published on 1 April 2010. About this Historian Historian: Promathion Jacoby number: 817 Attested works: History of Italy: F1, Historian's date: 5th century BC Historical focus: III. History of Cities and Peoples ( Horography and Ethnography) | C. Authors on Single Countries | XXIX. Rome and Italy Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 817 F 1 Source: Plutarch (Ploutarchos), Romulus, 2,3-6 Work mentioned: History of Italy Source date: 2nd century AD Source language: Greek Fragment subject: constitutional history, ancient - Library of Congress oracles - …

Scipio Africanus Maior, P. Cornelius (232)

(3,166 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans
This entry was prepared by Hans Beck and published on 1 October 2010. About this Historian Historian: Scipio Africanus Maior, P. Cornelius Jacoby number: 232 Attested works: Historian's date: 3rd century BC 2nd century BC Historical focus: II. Chronography ( Political-Military History) | C. Autobiographies, Memoirs and Memorabilia | Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 232 F 1 Source: Polybios, Histories 10.2.1-9.3 Work mentioned: Source date: 2nd century BC Source language: Greek Fragment subject: autobiography - Library of Congress Textual base: Jacoby Polybios, Histories, 10.2.1-…

Rutilius Rufus, P. (815)

(8,598 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans
This entry was prepared by Hans Beck and published on 1 April 2011. About this Historian Historian: Rutilius Rufus, P. Jacoby number: 815 Attested works: Historian's date: 2nd century BC 1st century BC Historical focus: III. History of Cities and Peoples ( Horography and Ethnography) | C. Authors on Single Countries | XXIX. Rome and Italy Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 815 T 1a Source: Appian (Appianos of Alexandria), Wars in Spain, 382 Work mentioned: Source date: 2nd century AD Source language: Greek Fragment subject: magistrates, roman - Library of Congress military history, ancient - …

Scipio, P. Cornelius (811)

(760 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans
This entry was prepared by Hans Beck and published on 1 October 2010. About this Historian Historian: Scipio, P. Cornelius Jacoby number: 811 Attested works: Historian's date: 2nd century BC Historical focus: III. History of Cities and Peoples ( Horography and Ethnography) | C. Authors on Single Countries | XXIX. Rome and Italy Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 811 T 1 Source: Livy (T. Livius), History of Rome (Ab urbe condita), 40.42.13 Work mentioned: Source date: 1st century BC, 1st century BC- 1st century AD Source language: eng Fragment subject: biography-to 500 - Library of Congress magi…

Teledamus

(185 words)

Author(s): Antoni, Silke (Kiel) | Beck, Hans (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Son of Odysseus and Calypso (Τηλέδαμος; Tēlédamos). According to Eust. on Hom. Od. 16,118, the author of the Tēlegonía names a son of Odysseus and Calypso“Telegonus or Teledamus”, which would make him the brother of Nausithous [2] and Nausinous. The passage is evidently corrupt, since elsewhere Telegonus is Odysseus' son with Circe. For a discussion of conjectures: [1]. Antoni, Silke (Kiel) Bibliography 1 K. Scherling, s. v. T. (1), RE 5 A, 313 f. [German version] [2] Son of Agamemnon and Cassandra (Paus.: Τελέδαμος/ Telédamos, schol. Hom. Od.: Τελέδημος/ Telé…

Pherenicus

(207 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans (Cologne) | Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari) | Portmann, Werner (Berlin)
(Φερένικος; Pherénikos). [German version] [1] Theban politician Theban, son of Cephisodotus, who had taken in Athenians who had fled from the Thirty Tyrants ( Triákonta ) into Thebes (Lys. fr. 78). After the occupation of the Cadmeia in 382 BC P., a follower of Ismenias' [1] faction, had to escape to Athens (Plut. Pelopidas 5,3). During the emigrant's attack on Thebes in December 379 P. waited with his people in the Thriasian Plain until a group led by Pelopidas had eliminated the polemarchs in Thebes (Plut. Pelopidas 8,1; see also Plut. Mor. 576c; 577a). Beck, Hans (Cologne) Bibliography R.…

Phoebidas

(201 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans (Cologne)
[German version] (Φοιβίδας/ Phoibídas). Spartan general, probably related by marriage to the house of Agesilaus [2] [1. 147f.]. In 382 BC, supposed to bring new troops to his brother Eudamidas [1], who was fighting Olynthus, on the way he marched to Thebes and in a surprise attack captured the Cadmeia, the fortress of Thebes, during the Thesmophoria (Xen. Hell.  5,2,25-36;  Diod. Sic. 15,20,1f.; Plut. Pelopidas 5; Plut. Agesilaus 23f.; Plut.  Mor. 576a-577d; Androtion FGrH 324 F 50). Xenophon (Xen.…

Cleopompus

(71 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans (Cologne)
[German version] (Κλεόπομπος; Kleópompos). Son of Cleinias, Athenian, as stratēgós in 431/0 BC led a fleet of 30 triremes against Opuntian Locris and conquered Thronium (Thuc. 2.26; Diod. Sic. 12.44.1). In the following year, jointly with  Hagnon [1] he commanded the second expeditionary corps to win back Potidaea (Thuc. 2.58.1f.).  Peloponnesian War Beck, Hans (Cologne) Bibliography Develin 1676 C. W. Fornara, The Athenian Board of Generals from 501 to 404, 1971, 54f.

Themison

(339 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans (Cologne) | Nutton, Vivian (London)
(Θεμίσων; Themísōn). [German version] [1] Tyrant from Eretria [1], 4th cent. BC Tyrant of Eretria [1], who occupied Oropus in 366 BC with some of the town’s exiles. The people controlling the operation were based in Thebes, and assistance also came from there in order to fend off an Athenian counter-attack. After an arbitration tribunal the pólis went to the Thebans, who maintained T.’s regime (Diod. Sic. 15,76,1; Dem. Or. 18,99; Xen. Hell. 7,4,1). Beck, Hans (Cologne) Bibliography J. Buckler, The Theban Hegemony, 1980, 193 f. [German version] [2] Th. from Laodicea Greek doctor, …

Theocrines

(60 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans (Cologne)
[German version] (Θεοκρίνης; Theokrínēs). Athenian from the Hybadae deme (IG II/III2 2,2, 2409, 44 f.), a notorious sykophántēs (cf. Dem. Or. 18,313), who made a living from threats of court action and extortion. A forensic speech by Epichares from 342 BC ([Dem.] Or. 58) is directed against him. Beck, Hans (Cologne) Bibliography Traill, PAA, 508320  Schäfer, vol. 4 (appendices), 266-280.

Pammenes

(478 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans (Cologne) | Dreyer, Boris (Göttingen)
(Παμμένης; Pamménēs). [German version] [1] Close friend of Epaminondas Theban, close friend of Epaminondas. On his second Peloponnesian campaign, Epaminondas entrusted the still young P. with garrisoning Sicyon (Polyaenus, Strat. 5,16,3), and in 368 BC with a mission to protect Megalopolis (Paus. 8,27,2). From 368 to 365, Philippus [4] II, who was about the same age as P., stayed as a hostage in the house of P.' parents ([1. 118] with bibliography). After the death of Epaminondas at Mantinea, P. became a…

Lacedaemonius

(92 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans (Cologne)
[German version] (Λακεδαιμόνιος; Lakedaimónios). Athenian, son of Cimon [2] and Isodice (Plut. Cimon 16). He served as hípparchos around 445 BC (IG I3 511; [1. 45-49]). In the summer of 433 L., as stratēgós, was sent to Corcyra with ten ships to assist the allied island in its conflict with Corinth (Thuc. 1,45,2f.; Plut. Pericles 29; ML 61). Beck, Hans (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. R. Bugh, The Horsemen of Athens, 1988. Davies 8429, XIII G. E. M. de Ste. Croix, The Origins of the Peloponnesian War, 31989, 76f. Traill, PAA 600810.

Procles

(448 words)

Author(s): Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) | Patzek, Barbara (Wiesbaden) | Beck, Hans (Cologne)
(Προκλῆς/ Proklês). [German version] [1] Legendary Spartan king The legendary Spartan king. P. was considered to be a son of Aristodemus [1] - and hence a direct descendant of Heracles [1] - and the ancestor of the Eurypontids, named after Eurypon, his son (Hdt. 8,131) or grandson (Plut. Lycurgus 1). As late as the 5th cent. BC, P. and his twin brother Eurysthenes [1] and not, e.g., Lycurgus [4], appear in Hellanicus (FGrH 4 F 116) as the framers of the Spartan constitution. Ephorus (FGrH 70 F 117) also…
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