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(996 words)

Author(s): Rhodes, Peter J. (Durham) | Behrwald, Ralf (Chemnitz)
(κοινόν; koinón). [German version] I. General In the Greek world, koinon may refer to any type of ‘community’. As a political term, koinon is used, on the one hand, for small units (such as the interior divisions of a polis or of a community dependent on a polis) (e.g. Mycenae, referred to as a kṓmē of Argus, SEG 3,312; in Rhodes, demes or parts of demes may be called koiná, e.g. IK RhodPer [IK, inscription of the Rhodian Peraea] 201; IG XII 3,1270), and on the other hand, for extensive political units in non-urban regions as well as urban areas with poleis (e.g.…


(139 words)

Author(s): Behrwald, Ralf (Chemnitz)
[German version] (Ολύμπιχος; Olýmpichos). Seleucid stratēgós in Caria (Cares, Caria) with residence in Alinda. Appointed in about 246 BC, he intervened in conflicts between Mylasa and the sanctuary of Labraunda. The great independence of O., who after 227 switched to the Antigonid side, is reflected in his being described as dynástēs in Polybius (5,90; Dynasteia) and in modern scholarship, and possibly in his possessing his own registry ( epistolographeîon, cf. [1]). O.' quarrel with Mylasa and Iasus [5] was settled by Philippus V of Macedonia. O. took part in t…

Lycian League

(370 words)

Author(s): Behrwald, Ralf (Chemnitz)
[German version] (Λυκίων τὸ κοινόν/Λυκίων τὸ ἔθνος; Lykíōn tò Koinón/Éthnos). The constitution of the Lycian League (LL) (for the history Lycii, Lycia) is known for the period of independence mainly from Artemidorus (in Str. 14,3,3), and for the period as a Roman provincial diet (from AD 43) from inscriptions primarily from the 2nd cent. AD. Artemidorus portrays a LL whose strong coherence leads to it being regarded as the model for the koinón of the Achaeans. The 23 members (at the end of the 1st cent. BC more, in the Imperial period over 30) we…