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Latin American Council of Bishops

(963 words)

Author(s): Beozzo, José Oscar
1. Origin The idea of founding the Consejo Episcopal Latinoamericano (CELAM, or Latin American Council of Bishops) was proposed at the first General Conference of Latin American Bishops, held at Rio de Janeiro, July/August 1955. Leading concerns of the Roman Catholic Church that led to the founding were the shortage of priests and the need to take steps against “the Protestant threat.” On September 24, 1955, Pope Pius XII (1939–58) founded CELAM for the purpose of coordinating the various bishops’…

Quilombo

(160 words)

Author(s): Beozzo, Jose´ Oscar
[English Version] bedeutet in der angolesischen Sprache Quimbundo, »Ansammlung, befestigtes Lager, Siedlung«; in Brasilien bez. …

Santo Domingo, lateinamerikanische Bischofskonferenz

(225 words)

Author(s): Beozzo, José Oscar
[English Version] (1992). Die IV. allg. lateinamer. Bischofskonferenz fand vom 12. bis zum 28.10.1992 anläßlich der 500-Jahrfeier des amer. Kontinents in S.D. (Dominikanische Republik) unter der Überschrift »Neue Evangelisierung, Förderung des Menschen und christl. Kultur – Jesus Christus gestern, heute und immer« statt, mit ca.360 Teilnehmern. Zur Vorbereitung der Konferenz dienten »Elemente für eine pastorale Reflexion als Vorbereitung auf die IV. allg. lateinamer. Bischofskonferenz« (1990). Das…

Rio de Janeiro, Lateinamerikanische Bischofskonferenz

(228 words)

Author(s): Beozzo, José Oscar
[English Version] (1955). Die erste allg. lateinamer. und karibische Bischofskonferenz fand am 25.7. bis zum 4.8.1955 in Rio de Janeiro, Brasilien, statt, im Anschluß an den 36. Internationalen Eucharistischen Kongreß. Von Pius XII. einberufen, wurde sie von Kardinal Adeodato Giovanni Piazza geleitet. 106 Teilnehmer aus 22 Ländern waren anwesend. Es wurde in sieben Kommissionen gearbeitet: 1. Klerus; 2. Helfer des Klerus (Laien); 3. Organisation und Mittel des Apostelamts, mit der Unterkommission …

Conferência Nacional dos Bispos do Brasil

(389 words)

Author(s): Beozzo, José Oscar
[German Version] (CNBB; National Conference of Brazilian Bishops) was established in Rio de Janeiro on Oct 14, 1952 to promote the unity of the Catholic episcopacy, to coordinate the pastoral activity of the 115 dioceses and prelatures, and to nurture relations between …

Mulattos

(84 words)

Author(s): Beozzo, José Oscar
[German Version] The term mulatto denotes a person with one white parent and one black parent as well as the more or less dark skin generally typical of mestizos. English also uses it more generally for a person of mixed racial ancestry. In some cultures and languages, mulatto can refer to someone who is clever and resourceful. The term often carries racist and pejorative connotations and is therefore avoided by the black movement in Latin America, especially in Brazil.…

Rio de Janeiro, Latin American Bishops’ Conference (1955)

(243 words)

Author(s): Beozzo, José Oscar
[German Version] The first general Latin American and Caribbean Bishops’ Conference was held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil from Jul 25 to Aug 4, 1955, following the 36th International Eucharistic Congress. It was convened by Pius XII, led by Cardinal Adeodato Giovanni Piazza, and attended by 106 participants from 22 countries. They worked in…

Quilombo

(159 words)

Author(s): Beozzo, José Oscar
[German Version] In Brazil, a quilombo (from Angolan quimbundo, “assemblage, fortified camp, settlement”) was a fortified settlement of fugitive slaves, in which aboriginals and socially disadvantaged whites sometimes also sought refuge. During the era of slavery (1532–1888), there were hundreds of quilombos. The most famous, Palmares (1602–1695), was leveled after long resistance a…

Mestizos

(198 words)

Author(s): Beozzo, José Oscar
[German Version] A term for persons whose parents belong to different racial groups. Historically speaking, the Mestizos originated in the Spanish territories of America from sexual relations between Spanish men and women belonging to the conquered indigenous population. In the English, Dutch, and French Caribbean, however, Mestizos originated from relations between Europeans and black women slaves, and in Brazil from the relationships between Portu…

Santo Domingo, Latin American Bishops’ Conference (1992)

(225 words)

Author(s): Beozzo, José Oscar
[German Version] The fourth Latin American Bishops’ Conference met in Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic) from Oct 12 to Oct 28, 1992, observing the cinquecentennial of Columbus’s arrival. About 360 delegates took part in the conference, whose theme was “New Evangelization, Human Promotion, Christian Culture – Jesus Christ Yesterday, Today, and Forever.” To prepare for the conference, “E…