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Absentive

(3,845 words)

Author(s): Berger, Tilman
Absentive is a type of language construction that involves a finite form of the verb ‘be’ with an infinitive. Semantically, absentive can express a range of meanings, from the absence of the person referred to in the utterance (hence the name) to direction, duration, or stative interpretation. In Slavic languages, absentive is most widespread in Czech and Slovak (e.g.,  Byl jsem se koupat) and attested as normative in the grammars of these languages. Other Slavic languages can be classified into four groups regarding the use of absentive constructions in t…
Date: 2020-07-15