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Sydow Brotherhood

(309 words)

Author(s): Bloth, Peter C.
[German Version] The Sydow Brotherhood, the first union of Protestant pastors, was founded in the village of Sydow (Altmark) by the local pastor Georg Schulz (1889–1954), who later moved to Barmen-Unterbarmen. Until 1945 the brotherhood was open only to clergy, unlike the Berneuchen groups. Under a Council of Brethren, its mission was renewal of the clergy theologically, in service to the church and the world and amid the tensions arising from life and society. Rather than a fixed rule, the life o…

Süvern, Johann Wilhelm

(253 words)

Author(s): Bloth, Peter C.
[German Version] (Jan 3, 1775, Lemgo – Oct 2, 1829, Berlin). After studying theology and phi-¶ lology in Jena and Halle, Süvern taught in Gymnasiums in Berlin, Thorn (Toruń; 1800), and Elbing (Elbląg; 1803). In 1807 he was appointed professor of “ancient literature” at Königsberg in Prussia (now Kaliningrad in Russia). At the time of the Treaty of Tilsit, alongside J.G. Fichte his “way of understanding antiquity and applying it to national education” (W. Dilthey, 210) gained influence in the Prussian court and …

Schreiner, Helmuth Moritz

(273 words)

Author(s): Bloth, Peter C.
[German Version] (Mar 2, 1893, Dillenburg – Apr 28, 1962, Münster). In 1921, Schreiner was appointed head of Hamburg City Mission and in 1926 head of the Johannesstift in Berlin-Spandau, engaging in charitable and socio-pedagogical work in the spirit of J.H. Wichern. There he also joined with Carl Gunther Schweitzer to head the Apologetic Center of the Inland Mission, which was forced to close in 1937 for attacking A. Rosenberg’s Mythos des 20. Jahrhunderts ¶ (ET: The Myth of the Twentieth Century, 1982; W. Künneth; Schreiner, “Die Überwindung... / Das Ende des Mythus,” ZW, 12, 1935, 19…

Stiehl, Ferdinand

(278 words)

Author(s): Bloth, Peter C.
[German Version] (Apr 12, 1812, Arnoldshain – Sep 16, 1878, Freiburg im Breisgau). After studying theology in Bonn (K.I. Nitzsch) and Halle an der Saale, Stiehl was appointed director of the teachers’ college in ¶ Neuwied. From 1844 to 1848, he served as a lecturer; in 1853 he was appointed senior privy councilor in the Prussian ministry of culture, in charge of elementary schools and training colleges. He was ousted in 1872 during the Kulturkampf. After the 1848 church congress in Wittenberg ( J.H. Wichern, M.A. v. Bethmann Holl…

Fischer, Martin

(230 words)

Author(s): Bloth, Peter C.
[German Version] (Aug 9, 1911, Magdeburg – Mar 3, 1982, Berlin). From 1935 Fischer was a pastor in the Deutsche Christliche Studentenvereinigung and head of the student section of the Confessing Church. In 1945 he became superintendent and lecturer, in 1950 professor of practical theology at the seminary in Berlin. From 1967 he was a member of the church administration in Berlin (West), 1970–75 president of the church chancellery of the Evangelische Kirche der Union (West), 1960–70 publisher and editor-in-chief of the Göttinger Predigtmeditationen, co-editor of Pastoraltheologie