(a.), lit. “origins, roots”, a term of Arabic grammar. Here, the applications of this term can broadly be divided into two categories, (i) most frequently in the singular
aṣl , denoting a basic form, concept or structure, and (ii) exclusively in the plural, denoting the fundamental principles of grammar as a science. The singular
aṣl has a wide range of meanings extending over phonology, morphology and syntax (Baalbaki; Bohas, etc. 1990, index) conveniendy summarised in Kinberg’s
Lexicon of al-Farrāʾ (s.v.
aṣl) as “the original vocalization, form, construction, meaning, wri…