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Your search for 'dc_creator:( "Chris Wen-chao LI" ) OR dc_contributor:( "Chris Wen-chao LI" )' returned 4 results. Modify search

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Diglossia

(2,814 words)

Author(s): Chris Wen-chao LI
Diglossia refers to the complementary coexistence of two linguistic varieties within a speech community, typically one of which is an elevated code (the H[igh] language) used for higher order social functions such as religious sermons, government missives and formal writing, the other of which is the everyday vernacular (the L[ow] language) used in lower level exchanges with friends and family. Diglossia in China has taken different forms throughout the ages: in pre-modern China, the division be…
Date: 2017-03-02

Glides, Phonological Status

(2,101 words)

Author(s): Chris Wen-chao LI
The status of the medial onglides (also known as prenuclear or prevocalic glides), i.e., [j], [w] and [ɥ], within the Mandarin syllable has been debated fervently over the past century. Evidence has been applied from phonotactic constraints, morphophonemic processes, poetic alliteration and rhyme, reduplicative language games, and speech errors to argue for competing proposals, which include the grouping of the medial glide with the rime, the placement of the medial glide within the onset, treat…
Date: 2017-03-02

Phonemicization of Mandarin

(2,606 words)

Author(s): Chris Wen-chao LI
The inventory of consonantal and vocalic phonemes for Modern Standard Chinese (whose phonology is defined as identical to that of Běijīng Mandarin; Běijīng, The Language of) has undergone numerous reformulations since the early twentieth century. Proposals, which roughly reflect developments in linguistic science from American structuralism and Jakobsonian feature analysis to Chomskyan generativism and, more recent, autosegmental and feature geometric configurations, span the gamut from minimali…
Date: 2017-03-02

Rù 入 Tone Development in Běijīng Mandarin

(3,842 words)

Author(s): Chris Wen-chao LI
The evolution of the Middle Chinese checked 入-tone (“entering tone” or “ rùshēng 入聲”) syllables into the unchecked syllables of present-day Běijīng Mandarin—whose pronunciation is the basis for that of Modern Standard Chinese—has been of particular interest to linguists over the past century for the reason that a clear pattern of development has been hard to discern. Unlike the systematic development of the -tone in other Mandarin dialects (Rù-tone Development in Mandarin Dialects), the -tone syllables in Běijīng Mandarin until very recently appeared on the surf…
Date: 2017-03-02