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Spisovná Čeština (History of)

(2,457 words)

Author(s): Cvrček, Václav
The term “ spisovná čeština” (literary Czech, standard Czech) refers to the standard variety of Czech, i.e., a system of regionally unrestricted language forms used mainly in written and official communication. The privileged position of SC among other varieties of Czech is established and maintained by an “academy-governed” (Garvin 1993: 42) style of prescriptive codification, which follows the principles of the theory of the cultivation of language (TCL, Cz  Teorie jazykové kultury) established by the Prague linguistic circle (PLC) in the 1930s (Havránek et al. 1932). Standard…
Date: 2020-05-22

Keyword and Keymorph Analysis

(1,554 words)

Author(s): Cvrček, Václav
Keyword analysis (KWA) and keymorph analysis (KMA) are two corpus-based methods for analyzing text and discourse. Both methods, each operating on a different language level, facilitate text interpretation by identifying prominent units on the backdrop of reference corpus.KWA is one of the most widely used data-driven methods of identifying prominent words (keywords [KWs]) in a text or discourse. It is based on an assumption that each text prefers one sort of expressions over others and that these preferred expressions are usually m…
Date: 2020-05-22

Obecná Čeština

(978 words)

Author(s): Cvrček, Václav
Obecná čeština (lit. Common Czech; henceforth CC) is a nonstandard and uncodified variety of Czech used in everyday communication with the potential to be a nationwide koine or vernacular for a wide range of informal and semiformal situations. The term CC is said to be derived from Hermann Paul’s Gemeinsprache (Sgall et al. 1992: 266), but it can be used to denote any informal spoken variety of Czech (cf. “Hovorová čeština”).The status of CC was subject to discussions during the 20th century from both sociolinguistic and dialectological perspectives. From the soci…
Date: 2020-05-22

Hovorová Čeština

(727 words)

Author(s): Cvrček, Václav
The term hovorová čeština (‘colloquial Czech’, henceforth ColC) was used throughout the 20th century to refer to two different concepts: the spoken register of Standard Czech (henceforth SC), used mainly in conversation (hence the alternative label colloquial form of the Standard Czech), and an autonomous standard variety or subvariety within SC. ColC is also used informally for spoken discourse in general, regardless of the variety used.The first definition was preferred by Mathesius (1925), who linked ColC to standard spoken discourse, i.e., a set of lingu…
Date: 2020-05-22