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Charon

(952 words)

Author(s): Dräger, Paul (Trier) | Di Marco, Massimo (Fondi Latina) | Meister, Klaus (Berlin)
(Χάρων; Chárōn). [German version] [1] Ferry-man of the Underworld Poetic coining from χαροπός ( charopós) ‘dark-gazing’ [1. 309]; probably originally a euphemistic term for death [2. 229f.; 3. 32f.], and personified in epic poetry during the 6th cent. at the earliest (Orpheus: Serv. Aen. 6,392; Minyas) [1. 305,1; 2. 229]; not mentioned in Homer; earliest attested in the Minyas epic (PEG I: beginning 5th cent.?); thereafter popular as a burlesque figure, especially in Athenian dramatic poetry (Eur. HF, Alc.; A…

Boiscus

(98 words)

Author(s): Di Marco, Massimo (Fondi Latina)
[German version] (Βοΐσκος; Boḯskos) from Cyzicus. Mar. Vict. 2,4,30 (VI 82 Keil) and Rufin. 1,28 (VI 564 Keil) have transmitted an unusually catalectic iambic octometer of his (= SH 233); B., who calls himself καινοῦ γραφεὺς ποιήματος (‘writer of new poetry’), declares his pride in developing this verse. B. can perhaps be identified with the eponymous ποιητὴς καινῆς κωμῳδίας (‘writer of New Comedy’) who won a victory at Thespiae around 100 BC (IG VII 1761); cf. [1;2]. Di Marco, Massimo (Fondi Latina) Bibliography

Timon

(945 words)

Author(s): D.RO. | Di Marco, Massimo (Fondi Latina)
(Τίμων/ Tímōn). [German version] [1] T. of Athens Epitome of the misanthropist. Son of a certain Echecratidas, from the demos of Collytus, 5th cent. BC. T., whose historicity is uncertain, withdrew from society, probably after suffering disappointments, and died because he did not want to see a doctor. His tomb, which lay on a shore ledge, is said to have been washed off by the sea (Phrynichus, Monótropos, fr. 18 CAF; Aristoph. Av. 1549; Aristoph. L…

Agamestor

(69 words)

Author(s): Di Marco, Massimo (Fondi Latina)
[German version] (Ἀγαμήστωρ; Agamḗstōr). Writer of elegies from Pharsalus, probably Hellenistic, composed a Θέτιδος ἐπιθαλάμιος, of which Tzetzes (ad Lycophr. 178, II S. 89 Scheer; ad Iliadem S. 811, 31 ff. Bachm.) has transmitted four verses (= SH 14) with an etymological interpretation of the name Ἀχιλεύς ( Achileús= ἀ+ χεῖλος) ; see [1]. Di Marco, Massimo (Fondi Latina) Bibliography 1 K.-H. Tomberg, Die Kaine Historia des Ptolemaios Chennos, 1968, 97, 127 f.

Artemidorus

(1,271 words)

Author(s): Karttunen, Klaus (Helsinki) | Di Marco, Massimo (Fondi Latina) | Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim) | Montanari, Franco (Pisa) | Weißenberger, Michael (Greifswald) | Et al.
(Ἀρτεμίδωρος; Artemídōros). [German version] [1] Indo-Greek King in 1st cent. BC. Coins are the only evidence of his existence, middle Indian Artemitora. Karttunen, Klaus (Helsinki) Bibliography Bopearachchi, 110, 316-318. [German version] [2] Elegiac poet Writer of elegies Περὶ Ἔρωτος in which, among others, the katasterismós of the dolphin was narrated. He had helped Poseidon win Amphitrite as his wife (Ps.-Eratosth. Catasterismus 31 S. 158 Robert, cf. schol. ad Germanicus, Aratea, S. 92,2ff. Breysig = SH 214). Even if this is only a hy…

Philiadas

(126 words)

Author(s): Di Marco, Massimo (Fondi Latina)
[German version] (Φιλιάδας; Philiádas) of Megara. Steph. Byz. s.v. Θέσπεια ascribes to him an ἐπίγραμμα τῶν ἀναιρεθέντων ὑπὸ τῶν Περσῶν ('epigram on those who fell against the Persians') from which he quotes an elegiac distich (GVI no. 5 Peek = no. 23 Preger = FGE 289-290 = IEG II2 p. 193) lauding the bravery of the Thespians. The theory that this formed part of an Epitaphios carved on one of the five steles erected at Thermopylae (Str. 9,4,2) is probably without foundation [1; 2]. The hypothesis that P. authored vv. 773-782 (788) of the Theognidea (Theognis [1]) is also dubious [3]. Di Marco,…
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