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Sanquinius

(119 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Q. S. Maximus. Son of a senator of the Augustan period, possibly M. Sanquinius, the Master of the Mint (RIC I 2 337; 342). S. became consul on 1 February AD 39 instead of Caligula, perhaps until the end of  June (Cass. Dio 59,13,2); at the same time he may have been a políarchos [2] ( praefectus urbi). CIL X 905 and Tac. Ann. 6,4,3 are also seen as relating to S.; in that case he would have been cos. suff. by c. 21/2, but  cos. II in 39. This reconstruction must, however, remain uncertain. In c. 46 he was legate of the army of Lower Germany; he also died there (Tac. Ann. 11,18,1). Eck, Wer…

Aius Sanctus, T

(85 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Rhetoric instructor of  Commodus (SHA Comm. 1,6; Ateius or Attius, according to AE 1961, 280 to emend). Equestrian procurator, among other things ab epistulis Graecis, a rationibus; praef. Aegypti 179/180 [1]. Acceptance into the Senate, cos. suff. around 184, praef. alimentorum; his grave inscription erected by M. Aurelius Cleander (AE 1961, 280). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Bastianini, Lista dei prefetti d'Egitto dal 30a al 299p, in: ZPE 17, 1975, 263-328 2 W. Eck, s. v. T. Aius Sanctus, RE Suppl. 14, 40 f.

Rustius

(110 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Cn. Marcius R. Rufinus. Equestrian who began his career as the centurio of a legion, then became primus pilus of the legio III Gallica in Syria, tribune among the vigiles, the cohortes urbanae and the praetorians in Rome; primus pilus for the second time with the legio III Cyrenaica in Arabia. He then transferred into a procuratorial career: procurator of Syria (Coele?), praefect of the two Italic fleets, praepositus annonae probably during the Parthian War in AD 198; finally praefect of the vigiles in 205-207 with the title of eminentissimus vir. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bib…

Numisia

(100 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] N. Maximilla Vestal virgin around 200 AD Virgo Vestalis maxima (Vestal Virgin), at least after 201; she took part in the Saecular Games ( saeculum ) of AD 204 PIR2 N 219. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Cocceia Bassula N. Procula Wife of M. Munatius Popilicanus She was married to M. Munatius Popilicanus. The question as to whether she and the senator's wife N. Procula in CIL XV 7459 are one and the same person cannot be resolved [1. 334]. PIR2 N 220. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography M.-Th. Raepsaet-Charlier, in: Journal of Roman archeology 4, 1991.

Sextia

(103 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Wife of L. Cornelius [II 59] Sulla Felix, died in 24 AD Wife of L. Cornelius [II 59] Sulla Felix who died in AD 21. When her second husband Mamercus Aemilius [II 14] Scaurus was forced into suicide in 34, she killed herself together with him (Tac. Ann. 6,29,1). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Raepsaet-Charlier, no. 711. [German version] [2] Sister of S. [1]? Possibly a sister of S. [1]. When her son-in-law L. Antistius [II 12] Vetus was accused in AD 66, she, he and her granddaughter Antistia [3] Pollitta took their own lives (Tac. Ann. 16,10 f.). Eck, Werner (Colog…

Augurinus

(72 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Proconsul of Creta-Cyrenae under Caligula Proconsul of Creta-Cyrenae under Caligula. PIR2 A 1397. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Person in Senecas Apocolocynthosis Introduced in Seneca Apocol. 3,4 as a worthless person, who was supposed to die in the same year as Claudius. PIR2 A 1398. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] Fictional person Fictional person (cf. in Seneca: Augurinus, Baba, Claudius = ABC). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Trebellenus

(114 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] T. T. Rufus. Senator from Concordia in Upper Italy, where among other things an equestrian statue was raised to him (ILS 931; cf. 931a). After serving as quaestor and people's tribune, he became legatus Augusti with a legion. A praetorian in 18 AD, he was given the task of looking after the children of the Thracian king Kotys [I 9] as their tutor; this task, during which he also became involved in armed conflicts, lasted at least until 21 (Tac. Ann. 2,67,2; 3,38,3 f.). When he was accused of maiestas in 35 AD, he killed himself (Tac. Ann. 6,39,1). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliog…

Varia

(47 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] V. is supposed to have been the name of the grandmother of  Elagabalus [2]  (SHA Opil. 9, 1-3; SHA Heliog. 10,1; 12,3; 31,4). This may have been a fiction based on the name of Elagabalus' father (see Varius [II 6] Marcellus). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Cosconia Gallitta

(31 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Daughter of Cornelius Lentulus Maluginensis, cos. suff. in AD 10; wife of the praetorian praefect Seius Strabo [1. 307ff.]. PIR2 C 1528. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Syme, AA.

Sosia

(144 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
( Sossia). [German version] [1] Pompeia S. Falconilla Daughter of Pompeius Sosius [II 2] Priscus ( cos. ord. in AD 149); married to M. Pontius [II 3] Laelianus ( cos. ord. in 163). An indication of her social position was her extraordinary paternal ancestral line, which therefore - as with her grandmother S. [2] Polla - always appears in her inscriptions (CIL VIII 7066; AE 1935, 26). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] S. Polla Daughter of Sosius [II 4] Senecio who had married a daughter of Sex. Iulius Frontinus. S. was married to Q. Pompeius [II 8] Falco ( cos. suff. in 108) whom sh…

Serius

(67 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Old Italic nomen gentile (Schulze 229). [German version] [1] C. Iunius S. Augurinus Cos. ord. in AD 132 (Degrassi, FCIR 38). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C. S. Augurinus Son of S. [1]. Cos. ord. in AD 156, procos. of Africa in 169/170 [1. 69 f.]. Presumably he, and his father too, already had patrician rank; cf. CIL VI 1979. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Thomasson, Fasti Africani.

Crepereius

(78 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. Gallus Confidant of Agrippina the Younger, killed under Nero Agrippina [3] the Younger's confidant, killed in AD 59 in the shipwreck organized by Nero in the Gulf of Baiae (Tac. Ann. 14,5,1). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] L.C.Proculus Cos. suff. and procos. of unknown dating Suffectio consul and proconsul of an unknown province (PIR2 C 1573); according to [1. 27ff.], perhaps proconsul on Cyprus. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 M. Le Glay, CCEC 1986, no. 6.

Dunius

(22 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L.D.Severus. Proconsul of Pontus-Bithynia under Claudius. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography PIR2 D 207 W. Weiser, in: ZPE 123, 1998, 275-290.

Appuleia

(58 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] A. Varilla, daughter of Sex. Appuleius, granddaughter of  Octavia, the sister of Augustus; in AD 17 she was accused of adulterium and lèse majesté against Augustus and Tiberius but after the princeps' intervention she was merely removed 200 miles from Rome (Tac. Ann. 2,50). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Syme, AA, 317, 327 PIR2 A 968.

Aedinius Iulianus, M

(97 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] By this name are known a praefectus Aegypti in AD 222/3 [1. 308 f.], a senatorial patron in the album of Canusium (CIL IX 338 = ILS 6121) and a legatus Augusti of the Lugdunensis, who later became praef. praetorio (before 238, CIL XIII 3162; [2]). Presumably all evidence points to one person; the mixed senatorial-knightly career can probably be placed in the time of  Elagabalus. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Bastianini, Lista dei Prefetti d'Egitto dal 30a al 299p, in: ZPE 17, 1975, 263-328 2 H. G. Plaum, Marbre de Thorigny, 1948. Dietz, 40 f. Leunissen, 100,…

Calestrius

(153 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. Tiro Proconsul of the Baetica, around 107 BC Friend of Pliny the Younger (Ep. 7,16), quaestor Caesaris, tribunus plebis, praetor in AD 93, procos. prov. Baeticae c. AD 107 (Plin. Ep. 6,22,7; 9,5; PIR2 C 222) [1. 779ff.]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] T.C. Tiro Iulius Maternus Governor of Lycia-Pamphylia AD 132-135 Son of C. [3], governor of Lycia-Pamphylia AD 132-135 (AE 1972, 651a; IGR 3, 704, 1) [2. 83f.; 3. 39, 43]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] T.C. Tiro Orbius Speratus Cos. suff. in 122 Senator, probably a younger brother or …

Poenius Postumus

(58 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Equestrian praefectus [5] castrorum of the Legio II Augusta in Britain, who did not follow the orders of the governor Suetonius Paulinus during Boudicca's revolution in AD 60. Since he had deprived his legion of participation in the victory he killed himself (Tac. Ann. 14,34-37, esp. 37,3). PIR2 P 530. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Mercello

(44 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] T. Mercello Persinus Marius. An equestrian from Cordoba, where he held municipal offices; p rocurator Augusti, probably in the first decades of the 1st cent. AD, possibly in Hispania Baetica (CIL II2 7, 311; II2 5, 1296). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Suetrius

(132 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C. Octavius Appius S. Sabinus. Senator from Histonium; his father was already a senator. Admitted to the Senate under Septimius [II 7] Severus. After junior posts, legate to the legio XXII Primigenia; took part as dux vexillationis in Caracalla’s expeditio Germanica; governor of Raetia in AD 213, cos. ord. in 214; then iudex instead of the emperor in a province; praefectus alimentorum and appointed ad corrigendum statum Italiae. Governor of Pannonia inferior in 216/17 and of a further consular province; procos. of Africa c. 230. In 240 for the second time cos. ord.; cf. …

Avidius

(727 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] A. Cassius, C. Deputy commander to L. Verus in the Parthian War Came from Cyrrhus in Syria, son of A. [2] (SHA Marc. 25,12). Admitted into the Senate under Antoninus Pius; deputy commander to L. Verus in the Parthian War, in command of the legio III Gallica and auxiliary troops (Lucian. 31); conquered Seleucia and Ctesiphon (Cass. Dio 71,2,2ff.; 3,1); his contribution to the Parthian War was even recognized in Rome (Fronto Ad Am. 1,6) [1; 2. 141ff.]. Probably suffect consul in 166 [6. 181f.], also governor of Syria from a…
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