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Vibia

(97 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Wife of L. Arruntius [II 8] Camillus Scribonianus, 1st cent. AD Possibly a daughter of C. Vibius [II 9] Marsus, wife of L. Arruntius [II 8] Camillus Scribonianus; when the latter, as governor of Dalmatia rebelled unsuccessfully against Claudius [III 1] in AD 42, he died in her arms while fleeing. She was banished but in 52 was again prosecuted, together with her son (cf. Tac. Ann. 12,52,1; Plin. Epist. 3,16,7-9). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Raepsaet-Charlier, 621 f., Nr. 798. [German version] [2] See Matidia [2] See Matidia [2] (the Younger). …

Domitia

(1,068 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Aunt of Nero Daughter of Domitius [II 2]; sister of D. [5]; Nero's aunt on his father's side. Possibly she was frequently married [1. 162f., 166], but her only husband known to us by name is C. Sallustius Passienus Crispus, cos. II 44, who left her probably in AD 41 to marry Agrippina the Younger, which was the cause of the deepest aversion between the two women. Thus in AD 55 she was involved in an intrigue against Agrippina. Shortly after Agrippina's death in AD 59, D. also died, supposedly poisoned by Nero, who appropriated her immense fortune [1. 159ff.; 2]. PIR2 D 171. Eck…

Eggius

(198 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L. Eggius Praef. castrorum of Varus in Germania praef. castrorum of Varus in Germania (Vell. Pat. 2,119,4). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C.E. Ambibulus Cos. 126 AD Identical with [C. Eggius] Ambibulus Pom[ponius Lon]ginus Cassianus L. Maecius Pos[tumus] of CIL IX 1123. His career began as a senator's son under Trajan, who admitted him among the patricians, and in 126 he became an ordinary consul. Like all other senatorial Eggii, he was from Aeclanum. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography G. Camodeca, in: EOS 2, 132ff. PIR2 E 5, 6. [German version] [3] C.E…

Proculeius

(126 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C. P., friend of Octavian, the future Augustus [1]. P. accompanied Octavian, apparently without official position, in the wars against Sex. Pompeius [I 5] in Sicily and against M. Antonius [I 9] in Egypt. A military commission could, of course, be inferred from the coins struck with his name in Cephallenia (RPC I 1359-1362). P.' siblings were Terentius Murena, Terentia [2] the wife of Maecenas [2], and a Scipio; his mother must therefore have been married more than once. P. was co…

Augurinus

(72 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Proconsul of Creta-Cyrenae under Caligula Proconsul of Creta-Cyrenae under Caligula. PIR2 A 1397. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Person in Senecas Apocolocynthosis Introduced in Seneca Apocol. 3,4 as a worthless person, who was supposed to die in the same year as Claudius. PIR2 A 1398. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] Fictional person Fictional person (cf. in Seneca: Augurinus, Baba, Claudius = ABC). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Canidia

(42 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Frequently mentioned by Horace because of her magic art and mixing of poisons (Epod. 3,8; 5,15; 17,6; sat. 1,8,24; 2,1,48; 8,95). It is assumed that in real life she was Gratidia, a perfume seller from Naples (Porphyrio). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Cutius

(81 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] T.C. Ciltus Cos. suff. 55 AD Suffect consul probably inAD 55 with L. Junius Gallio (AE 1960, 61f.; [1]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, RE Suppl. 14, 110. [German version] [2] C. Lupus Quaestor, put down a slave revolt in 24 AD Quaestor who had to supervise the calles in Lower Italy. In AD24 he put down a slave revolt in Apulia (Tac. Ann. 4,27,2; [1]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, in: Scripta Classica Israelica 13, 1994, 60ff.

Ummidius

(490 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. U. Durmius Quadratus From a senatorial family; possibly adopted by a U. from Casinum. His career was transmitted in CIL X 5182 = ILS 972. After a quick rise (quaestor in AD 14, praetor as early as in AD 18), his advancement slowed down. Following his office as proconsul on the island of Cyprus and a governorship in Lusitania (attested for the year 37, ILS 190), he did not become suffect consul until c. 40. Under Claudius [III 1], he became consular governor in Illyricum (either Dalmatia or Pannonia), then, from no later than 51, governor in Sy…

Sallius

(209 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] S. Aristaenetus Senator, governor of Thracia between AD 253 and 260 Senator; governor of Thracia between AD 253 and 260 (AE 1978, 724); descendant of S. [2]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C. S. Aristaenetus Senator, imperial legate of Moesia inferior under Caracalla or Elagabalus Senator, possibly from Byzantium. There are records of his career in CIL VI 1511 = ILS 2934 up to his office as iuridicus of Picenum and Apulia; later, he became a consul [1. 163]. Probably he was governor of Pontus-Bithynia, and afterwards probably imperial legate…

Servaeus

(273 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Q. S. Senator, who as a praetorian accompanied Germanicus [2] to the East. There he converted Commagene into a province (Tac. Ann. 2,56,4). In 20 AD he took part in a lawsuit against Calpurnius [II 16] Piso in the Senate (Tac. Ann. 3,13). Later in alliance with Aelius [II 19] Seianus, in 32 after the latter's overthrow he was convicted, to the regret of many in the Senate (Tac. Ann. 6,7,2). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Q. S. Fuscus Cornelianus Senator from Gightis in Africa. After being a praetor dealing with the cura viae Salariae ('care for the Salarian …

Pompusius Mettius

(37 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Praefectus aerarii Saturni for four years, AD 80-83 (InscrIt 13,1 p. 307). He is not identical to the Mettius Pompusianus mentioned in Suet. Vesp. 14. PIR2 M 570; P 783. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Bruttia

(43 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] B. Crispina = Crispina Augusta, daughter of Bruttius [II 5], wife of Commodus from AD 178; exiled to Capri after an alleged adultery, and later killed (Cass. Dio 72,4,6) [1. no. 149]. PIR2 B 170. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Raepsaet-Charlier.

Tettienus

(177 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Galeo T. Petronianus Senator from Asisium. Cos. suff. in AD 76. Brother of T. [2]. Probably the adoptive father of T. [3]; [1. 263]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 M. Gaggiotti, L. Sensi, Italia: regio VI (Umbria), in: EOS 2, 263. [German version] [2] T. T. Serenus Brother of T. [1]. Praetorian governor of Lugdunensis in c. AD 78-80 [1. 300]; cos. suff. probably in 81. Member of the pontifices [2. 8 f.; 3. 449 f.]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, Jahres- und Provinzialfasten der senatorischen Statthalter, in: Chiron 12, 1982, 281-362 2 L. Sc…

Princeps iuventutis

(537 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] (Greek πρόκριτος τῆς νεότητος/ prókritos tês neótētos, Cass. Dio 55,9,9; 78,17,1; 'the first/most select among the youth'; the English word 'prince' derives from it). In the Republic, the term was used in the plural for the patrician equestrians organized in special units ( t urma ); as only the younger patricians served actively in the cavalry, the principes iuventutis could be described as the seminarium senatus ('nursery of the Senate') (Liv. 42,61,5). Cicero was already applying the term to individuals, already employing the distinction respective of the princep…

Fabulla

(97 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Wife of a certain Asiaticus, mentioned in the will of Domitius [II 25] Tullus as the recipient of a legacy (AE 1976, 77); she is presumably identical to the F. mentioned in Apollonius [14] of Tyana as the wife of Valerius, proconsul of Asia (Epist. 58). The latter is perhaps identical to Valerius Asiaticus, cos. in AD 94, proconsul of Asia 108/9 [1. 292ff.]. In this case the Letter of Apollonius would be fictitious. Cf. PIR2 F 92. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, Zum neuen Fr. des sog. Testamentum Dasumii, in: ZPE 30, 1978, 277-295.

Curtia Flavia Archelais Valentilla

(29 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Woman of consular rank, a member of the landed gentry of Lydia [1]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Petzl, in: EA 26, 1996, 9ff.

Rubellia Bassa

(40 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Probably the daughter of Rubellius [3] Blandus or of one of his sons, married to a senator Octavius [II 4] Laenas, grandmother of Sergius Octavius [II 6] Laenas Pontianus, cos. ord. in AD 131. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Laetus

(120 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Successful commander of Septimius [II 7] Severus during the Parthian War of AD 195 and again in 198. L. was murdered because he was too popular with the army; Severus denied that this was on his orders; L. probably fell victim to the thirst for power of the praetorian prefect Fulvius [II 10] Plautianus. PIR2 L 69. L.'s identification is disputed: according to [1. 116f.] he was identical to Iulius Laetus, who led the vanguard of Severus' army on their march into Rome in 193, and who in 197, allegedly after much hesitation, won the vic…

Corellius

(167 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L. Neratius C. Pansa Cos. ord. 122 AD Cos. ord. AD 122; son of Corellia Hispulla, a daughter of C. [2], and probably of one of the Neratii from Saepinum; related to the family of Domitius Apollinaris, cos. suff. 97 [1; 2. 487, 598]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Q.C. Rufus Cos. suff. 78 AD Perhaps from Laus Pompeia [3]. Suffect consul probably in AD 78; governor of Germania superior in 82; according to Plin. Ep. 1,12,6f. an opponent of Domitian, but not openly. He was commissioned by Nerva to buy up and distribute land…

Otho

(736 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] M. Salvius Otho, Roman emperor in AD 69, born on 28.4.32 AD. The family came from Ferentum in Etruria. O.'s grandfather was the first in the family to be admitted to the Senate. His father was L. Salvius Otho, cos. suff. in 33; his mother, Albia Terentia, came from an equestrian family. From the time of Augustus, the family of the Salvii was closely connected with the domus Augusta. His father was accepted by Claudius [III 1] into the Patriciate, as was the young O. at the same time, too. Of his senatorial career, only the quaestorship is known; t…
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