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Sigerus

(42 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] For many years a high cubicularius of Domitian, who had great influence with the emperor (Mart. 4,78,8). He took part in the plot against Domitian and wounded him mortally (Cass. Dio 67,15,1-5; Suet. Dom. 17,2). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Vespasianus

(1,247 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Roman emperor, AD 69-79. Born T. Flavius Vespasianus on 17 Nov. AD 9 at Falacrinae near Reate, son of the tax farmer Flavius [II 39] Sabinus and Vespasia Polla, a daughter of an equestrian officer [1. 155-160]. Married to Flavia [1] Domitilla; the marriage produced Titus [II 2] (born in AD 39) and Domitian (Domitianus [1], born in AD 51). [German version] I. Early career At the urging of his mother, V. followed his uncle and his elder brother, Flavius [II 40] Sabinus, in pursuing a senatorial career. His first position was as tribunus [4] militum in Thracia (pro…

Faenius Rufus, L.

(103 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Eques who in AD 55 became praefectus annonae through the support of Agrippina [3] and was held in high esteem by the people of Rome. Appointed by Nero in 62 to the position of praefectus praetorio along with Tigellinus; when the latter accused him of having had a relationship with Agrippina and Nero mistrusted him, he joined the Pisonian conspiracy. After it was uncovered, he was executed. It is still very uncertain whether the horrea Faeniana go back to him (CIL VI 37796). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography H. Pavis d'Escurac, La préfecture de l'annone, 1976, 322 PIR2 F 10…

Posides

(63 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Freedman of Claudius [III 1], who placed a great deal of trust in him (Suet. Claud. 28,1). In AD 43, P. accompanied Claudius to Britannia and at the ensuing triumph he was given a hasta pura like a freeborn military officer, whereby the position of trust he held with Claudius was also publicly revealed. PIR2 P 878. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Calpetanus

(115 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Famous physician according to Pliny According to Plin. HN 29,7 a famous physician (PIR2 C 234). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C.C. Rantius Sedatus Metronius (?) Consul suff. 47AD Curator tabulariorum publicorum in AD 45 (CIL VI 916 = 31201); cos. suff. in AD 47 [1]. Consular legate of Dalmatia after AD 47 (ILJug. 2064; PIR2 C 235). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] C.C. Statius Rufus Civil building official 1st cent. AD Member of the collegium of the curatores locorum publicorum iudicandorum and the curatores riparum et alvei Tiberis under Ti…

Coronius C. Titianus

(26 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Vir perfectissimus, governor of the provincia vetus of Epirus between AD 293 and 305 (AE 1993, 1406). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Praegustator

(174 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] ('Food taster'). Food tasters, used to protect persons in positions of high authority from poisoning, had been employed since the time of the Persian Achaemenidae [2], then also by Alexander [4] the Great (e.g. Xen. Cyr. 1,3,9; Just. Epit. 12,14,9). Mark Antony (Antonius [II I 9]) is said to have been the first of the Romans to employ a praegustator (Plin. HN. 21,9,12). Praegustatores were put in the employ of Roman rulers beginning with Augustus [1]. It is unclear whether their profession was always in reality dangerous. A certain Coetus Herodianus, praegustator divi A…

Catilius

(177 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] [Ca]tilius Longus Eques from Bithynia, 1st cent. AD Eques from Apamea in Bithynia who was accepted into the Senate by Vespasian (CIL III 335 = Eck, ZPE 42, 1981, 242ff. = AE 1982, 860). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] L.C. Severus Procos. Asiae, 3rd cent. AD Descendant of C. [3]. as attested in Frater Arvalis, 213 and 218; probably procos. Asiae (IGR IV 1281) [1. 112f., 418f.]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] L.C.Severus Iulianus Claudius Reginus Cos. ord. II 120 AD Senator from Bithynia, see C. [1] [2. 133ff.; 3. 127ff.]. Praetorian c…

Glitius

(264 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Q.G. Atilius Agricola Quaestor under Vespasianus An Atilius by birth, presumably adopted by a G., from Augusta Taurinorum, where he was honoured by various cities, also by means of trapezophora. Probably of senatorial origin; the fact that he became quaestor of Vespasianus indicates imperial patronage; under Domitianus he was iuridicus in Spain, legatus legionis VI Ferratae in Syria and praetorian governor of Belgica, also under Nerva, then cos. suff. in September/October AD 97, when Trajan was adopted. Consular governor of Pannonia in 101-2, p…

Plancia Magna

(120 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Daughter of M. Plancius [3] Varus and wife of C. Iulius [II 48] Cornutus Tertullus. She was from Perge, where she held several public offices. After erecting others, she built a spectacular tower with statues of Diana Pergensis, the Genius Civitatis, of Divus Augustus and of the members of the imperial family in the time of Trajan and Hadrian [1]. She is an example of a senator's wife who, despite her connexions with Rome through her sociopolitical relationships, also maintained close ties with her homeland. PIR2 P 444. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 S. Şahin (ed.)…

Nymphidius

(291 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] N. Lupus Soldier and adviser of Pliny the Younger He served in the army as a praefectus in Syria around AD 80/1, when Plinius the Younger was a tribunus militum in the legio III Gallica. Later N. reached rank of a primipilaris. Pliny called him to Pontus-Bithynia as an adviser. For his son of the same name Pliny requested a military tribunate from the emperor Trajan (Plin. Epist. 10,87). PIR2 N 248; 249. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C.N. Sabinus 1st cent. AD soldier and official Son of C. Iulius [II 36] Callistus's freedwoman Nymphidia. Later N. cla…

Caristanius

(91 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C.C. Fronto Official under Vespasian Senator from Caesarea in Pisidia. Vespasian made him inter tribunicios adlectus. He was the praetorian governor of Lycia-Pamphylia from AD 81- c. 83/84; cos. suff. 90 (AE 1949, 23); married to a Sergia Paulla (PIR2 C 423) [1. 109]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C.C. Julianus Official, around 100 AD Related to C. [1]; after an equestrian military service, he was admitted into the Senate; proconsul Achaiae probably AD 100/101 (PIR2 C 426) [1. 129; 2. 334]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Halfmann 2 W. Eck,…

Corvinus

(68 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Friend of the poet Juvenal Friend of the poet  Juvenal, who dedicated satura 12 to him. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Mentioned by Juvenal as an exiled senator Mentioned by Juvenal as an exiled senator (1,108). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] C. Celer Municipal quaestor in Oea in Africa Municipal quaestor in Oea in Africa (Apul. Apol. 101). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Harpocras

(43 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Freedman of Claudius, who is said to have honoured him by permitting him the use of a litter and the holding of games in Rome, which was normally the prerogative of the magistrates. PIR2 H 16. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Hosidius

(322 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C.H. Geta Mint master in the 1st cent. BC Mint master, perhaps in the year 54 BC (MRR 2, 441); proscribed by the triumviri in 43, but rescued by his son; later struck from the proscription lists (App. B Civ. 4,171). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] [H.] Geta Senator, probably Augustan-Tiberian period, quaesitor Senator, whose fragmentary cursus probably belongs to the Augustan-Tiberian period because of the office of quaesitor. CIL IX 2844; PIR2 H 215. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] C.H. Geta Legionary legate in Britain in 43 AD, orna…

Pisibania Lepida

(50 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Member of the senatorial class, who had an estate at Ferentium in southern Etruria (CIL XI 3003 and p. 1313); she was related to Pisibanius [2] (cf. [1. 158f.]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 P. Weiss, Ein Konsulnpaar vom 21. Juni 159 n.Chr., in: Chiron 29, 1999, 147-182.

Mustius

(43 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Q. M. Priscus. Praetorian governor of Dacia superior probably from AD 141/2, attested there in 144  (CIL XVI 90). Probably cos. suff. in absentia in August of the same year [1. 56f.]. PIR2 M 760. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Piso, FPD.

Corellia

(25 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C. Hispulla. Daughter of Corellius [2]; married to one Neratius; Corellius [1] was her son. PIR2 C 1296. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Suetrius

(132 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C. Octavius Appius S. Sabinus. Senator from Histonium; his father was already a senator. Admitted to the Senate under Septimius [II 7] Severus. After junior posts, legate to the legio XXII Primigenia; took part as dux vexillationis in Caracalla’s expeditio Germanica; governor of Raetia in AD 213, cos. ord. in 214; then iudex instead of the emperor in a province; praefectus alimentorum and appointed ad corrigendum statum Italiae. Governor of Pannonia inferior in 216/17 and of a further consular province; procos. of Africa c. 230. In 240 for the second time cos. ord.; cf. …

Cossutianus Capito

(58 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Senator at least from 47 BC; in 57 sentenced by the Senate because of extortion in his province, perhaps Lycia-Pamphylia (Tac. Ann . 13,33; 16,21; [1]). As son-in-law of Ofonius Tigellinus was readmitted to the Senate where he accused Antistius Sosianus and Thrasea Paetus (PIR2 C 1543). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Syme, RP 2, 1150ff.
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