[German version] (Literally 'God heals', Gr. Ραφαήλ/
Rhaphaḗl; cf. the personal name in 1 Chr 26:7). In Jewish angelology, one of the four (or seven) archangels who have a special role in the celestial hierarchy for their praise and glorification of God before His throne (1 Enoch 9,1; 20,3; 40,9). True to his name, R. is the angel of healing (cf. Hebr.
rāfā, 'to heal'), ruling over "all illnesses and all torments of the children of men" (1 Enoch 40,9). He plays a significant role in the Book of Tobit, where, disguised as Tobias' travelling companion, he drives away the demon Asmodaeus and heals Tobias' father from blindness. R. appears again as victor over a demon in 1 Enoch 10,4. His name is to be found in Greek and Coptic magic texts as well (PGM 35,2/4). Gabriel ; Michael ; Sandalphon Ego, Beate (Osnabrück) Bibliography M. Mach,
s.v. R., in: K. van der Toorn, et al. (eds.), Dicti…