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Construct State

(2,661 words)

Author(s): Elabbas Benmamoun
1. Definition The construct state ( CS) is a syntactic phrase consisting of at least two members, mostly nouns that are in a genitive relation. The sentence in (1) provides a typical example of the construct state, where the first noun carries the main case of the phrase, which can vary according to whether the noun phrase is nominative, accusative, or genitive. The second noun always carries genitive case. (1) Standard Arabic kitāb-u/a/i l-muʿallim-i book-Nom/Acc/Gen the-teacher-Gen ‘The teacher's book’ The members of the construct state do not have to be nouns. Adjective…
Date: 2018-09-16

Syntax

(6,577 words)

Author(s): Elabbas Benmamoun
1. Introduction Syntax is the study of phrasal and sentential patterns of natural language. It is the engine that combines the sound/gesture and meaning components of language. Syntax deals primarily with how words combine to form phrases and sentences, and the dependencies that obtain between the constituents of the phrase or sentence. Such dependencies include agreement, Case, anaphoric relations, filler gap/pronominal relations, and thematic relations, among many others. Another area that has occupied a prominent position within syntactic debates concerns word order alte…
Date: 2018-04-01