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Jabarti

(549 words)

Author(s): Erlich, Haggai
The term Jabarti (Ar. Jabartī) refers traditionally to all Muslim people living in the Horn of Africa, members of diverse communities, of different ethnic origins, and speakers of many local languages. There are several etymologies of the term: Ar. jabbār (strong; strong warrior), Geʾez agbert (servant of God), Tigrinya gabari (servant, tenant), the name of ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Jabartī, legendary father of the Darod Somali clan, or the Arabic word
Date: 2021-07-19

Ethiopia, Islam and Muslims in

(2,622 words)

Author(s): Erlich, Haggai
Ancient Ethiopia, with Aksum as its capital, was one of the first political entities to adopt Christianity, in 333–4 C.E. It remained officially a Christian kingdom until Emperor Haile Selassie was deposed by a military revolution in 1974. The Ethiopian Church remained institutionally connected to the Egyptian Coptic Church, and its head, the Abuna, was, until 1951, an Egyptian monk appointed as “the bishop of Ethiopia” by the Coptic patriarch, but Ethiopian Christianity developed as a distinct a…
Date: 2021-07-19

Dahlak Islands

(462 words)

Author(s): Erlich, Haggai
The Dahlak Islands are a group of 124 islands in the Red Sea, off the port of Massawa, in present-day Eritrea. Only four are inhabited; the main island is Dahlak al-Kabir. The islands have been known from ancient times for their marine life and pearl fishery. For the Christian kingdom of Aksum…
Date: 2021-07-19