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Stobi

(187 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Christianity | | Coloniae | Macedonia, Macedones | Macedonia, Macedones | Balkans, languages (Στόβοι/ Stóboi). City in Paeonia (Paeones, Paeonia) with an Illyrian/Thracian/Macedonian population, on the route through the valley of the Axios from Thessalonica to the Ister [1] (Danube), at the mouth of the Erigonus (Str. 8,8,5). Macedonian probably since Antigonus [3], who re-established S. as Antigoneia (Plin. HN 4,34). After the Roman peace of 168 BC the city belonged to the 2nd merís ('region') of Macedonia, …

Lyncus

(96 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Λύγκος; Lýnkos). Upper Macedonian region north of Eordaea and Orestis whose inhabitants were called Lynkēstaí. In the 5th cent. BC, L. was not yet integrated by the Macedonian Argead kings into their region of power (Thuc. 2,99,2; 4,83,1), which probably did not occur until under Philip II, who possibly founded the important city of Heraclea [2]. The via Egnatia passed through L. [1. 14-22]. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography 1 L. Gounaropoulou, M. B. Hatzopoulos, Les milliaires de la voie egnatienne... , 1985. F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Mac…

Therme

(161 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Macedonia, Macedones | Persian Wars (Θέρμη; Thérmē). City on the Thermaios Kolpos, which was named after T., near Thessalonica [1], which was founded in Hellenistic times; its location is disputed. Being a Macedonian city as early as the 6th cent. BC, T. became a rallying point for the Persian fleet in 480 BC (Persian Wars [1]; Hdt. 7,121). In 432 BC, T. was conquered by the Athenians (Thuc. 1,61,2) but was returned to the Macedonian king Perdiccas […

Bylazora

(63 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Βυλάζωρα, Βυλάζωρ, -ωρος; Bylázōra, Bylázōr, - ōros). Largest town in  Paeonia (Pol. 5,97), seized by Philippus V as a bulwark against the  Dardani (cf. Liv. 44,26,8 for 168 BC). Generally localized in the Axius valley near Veles, but so far finds have been insufficient to allow a definite identification. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Macédoine, 1988, 308.

Methone

(685 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum) | Meyer, Ernst (Zürich) | Kramolisch, Herwig (Eppelheim) | Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
(Μεθώνη/ Methṓnē, Μοθώνη/ Mothṓnē). [German version] [1] City on the west coast of Messana [2] This item can be found on the following maps: Sparta | Achaeans, Achaea | Macedonia, Macedones A city on the west coast of Messana [2]. Its indigenous name was Mothṓnē (Μοθώνη on coins), after the reef called Móthōn which rose in front of it; hence the medieval and modern name Modon, Mothoni, Methoni (Μεθώνη in Thuc. 2,25,1ff. and Strab. 8,4,3). There are few ancient remains: isolated bases of city walls under the Venetian fortress and the breakwater wa…

Almopia

(62 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Ἀλμωπία; Almōpía). Fertile landscape in  Macedonia on the upper Ludias (today Moglenitsa), occupied early on by the Argeads (Thuc. 2,99,5). None of the cities Horma, Europus or Apsalus named in Ptol. 2,13,24 have been located. Under Roman rulership, there apparently was a civitas A. (Hierocles, Synekdemos 638,10). Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Macédoine, 1988, 169-173.

Apollonia

(1,493 words)

Author(s): Wirbelauer, Eckhard (Freiburg) | von Bredow, Iris (Bietigheim-Bissingen) | Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) | Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) | Ameling, Walter (Jena) | Et al.
(Ἀπολλωνία; Apollōnía). [German version] [1] City in southern  Illyricum This item can be found on the following maps: | Colonization | Macedonia, Macedones | Persian Wars | Punic Wars | Delian League City in southern  Illyricum, in antiquity on the north bank of the Aous, c. 6 km from the sea, near modern Pojani (Albania). Founded by Corinthians at the beginning of the 6th cent. BC, with the participation of Corcyra (mythical oikist Gylax). Hdt. 9,93-95, Paus. 5,22,3 f. and inscriptions attest to the wealth of A. during the 5th cent. BC; …

Akrothoon /Akrothooi

(74 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Delian League (Ἀκρόθῳον, Ἀκρόθῳοι; Akróthōion, Akróthōioi). Small town on the  Athos peninsula, south-east of the Xerxes canal (Hdt. 7,22,1; near the modern Magistis Lavras?). Apart from a local dialect, Greek was also spoken there (Thuc. 4,109,3). In the 1st cent. AD (Plin. HN 4,37), the town no longer existed. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography M. Zahrnt, Olynth und die Chalkidier, 1971, 150 f.

Heracleum

(399 words)

Author(s): Sonnabend, Holger (Stuttgart) | Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) | von Bredow, Iris (Bietigheim-Bissingen)
(Ἡράκλειον; Hērákleion). [German version] [1] Town on Crete's northern coast Town on Crete's northern coast, modern Iraklion. In a legal support agreement with Miletus (259/250 BC) H. appears as a sovereign town allied with  Knossos (Stv III 482 I) [1]. H. was in the 1st cent. BC, probably in succession to Amnisus, the port town of Knossos (Str. 10,4,7f.) and probably subject to it (cf. Str. 10,5,1). Based on Plin. HN 4,59, it was presumed that H. also bore the name Mation [2]. However, the consensus is that Pliny misunderstood his Greek source (πολισμάτιον Ἡ.; polismátion H., ‘the little…

Calindoea

(137 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Καλίνδοια; Kalíndoia). Town in Mygdonia/Macedonia near the modern Kalamoton. In the 5th cent. BC, C. was part of the  Bottice (IG I3 76) and was probably still independent in 360 BC (IG IV2 1, 94 Ib 13), but may have come into the possession of the Macedonian kings under Philip II, and, together with neighbouring settlements, passed on to Macedonian settlers as a ‘donation’ ( dōreá) by Alexander the Great (SEG 36, 626). Latest under Augustus, C. became an autonomous city with its own council, ekklesia, and politarchs (SEG 35, 744). Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/L…

Azorus

(91 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Ἄζωρος; Ázōros). City belonging to the tripolis of the  Perrhaebi (Str. 7,7,9), near the present-day city of Vuvala, by the Sarandaporos. Although first mentioned as a Macedonian fort in 317 BC (Diod. Sic. 19,52,6), A. appears to date from much earlier. Probably as a member of the Perrhaebi alliance in the 2nd cent. BC, A. managed to settle a border dispute with  Mondaea (Syll3 638). Disputed territory in the 3rd Macedonian War (Pol. 28,13; Liv. 42,53,6; 44,2,8). Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography F. Stählin, Das hellenische Thessalien, 1924…

Edessa

(672 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) | Wirbelauer, Eckhard (Freiburg) | Leisten, Thomas (Princeton)
This item can be found on the following maps: Sassanids | Syria | Christianity | Zenobia | | Coloniae | Commerce | Asia Minor | Limes | Pilgrimage | Pompeius | Rome (Ἔδεσσα; Édessa). [German version] [1] City in central Macedonia This item can be found on the following maps: | Macedonia, Macedones City in central Macedonia at the eastern entrance to the Kara-Burun pass from Lower to Upper Macedonia, today known as Edessa, formerly as Vodena. In previous times, E. was wrongly regarded as the old Macedonian royal seat of  Aegae [1]. E. was first men…

Erigon

(38 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Ἐριγών; Erigṓn). Largest tributary of the  Axius, flows through the Macedonian regions of Lyncestis, Pelagonia and Derriopus, mouth near Stobi; today's Crna Reka. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Macédoine, 1988, 292.

Chalastra

(91 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
(Χαλάστρα; Chalástra). [German version] [1] City at the mouth of the Axius City at the mouth of the Axius (Str. 7 fr. 20; 23; cf. Hdt. 7,123), identified by Hecataeus as belonging to Thrace (Steph. Byz. s.v.). The population was recruited for the foundation of Thessalonica (Str. 7 fr. 21). Not located. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Macédoine, 1988, 199. [German version] [2] Lake Natron-bearing lake, probably near the town of the same name (Steph. Byz. s.v.; Plin. HN 31,107; Suda s.v.). Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)

Cambounia

(64 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Καμβούνια; Kamboúnia). Mountainous region in northern Greece west of Mt. Olympus, which separated the Macedonian region of  Elimea from the tripolis of the Perrhaebi, and forms the southern watershed of the  Haliacmon. The easiest way to cross the C. was via the pass of Volustana (918 m) (cf. Liv. 42,53,6; 44,2,10). Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography B. Saria, s.v. Volustana, RE 9A, 906.

Beroea

(1,229 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) | Wirbelauer, Eckhard (Freiburg) | von Bredow, Iris (Bietigheim-Bissingen) | Leisten, Thomas (Princeton)
(Βέροια; Béroia). [German version] [1] In Macedonia This item can be found on the following maps: Christianity | Macedonia, Macedones | Macedonia, Macedones | Education / Culture In Macedonia. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) [German version] A. Hellenistic and Roman periods City in Macedonian  Bottice, east of the Bermium; now Verria. First mentioned in the 5th cent. BC (Thuc. 1,61,4), B. had its development, like many Macedonian cities, principally in the Hellenistic period; the Antigonids seem to have particularly favoured…

Macedonia, Macedones

(7,662 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) | Duridanov, Ludmil (Freiburg) | Jung, Reinhard (Berlin) | von Mangoldt, Hans (Tübingen)
(Μακεδονία/ Makedonía, Μακεδόνες/ Makedónes, Lat. Macedonia, Macedones). [German version] I. Geography, economy, ethnogenesis The core territory of the ancient Macedonian state was in the plains immediately to the east and north of the Olympus mountain range. Beginning with the 7th cent. BC, the Macedones conquered from their capital Aegae [1] step by step Pieria (south of the lower Haliacmon), Bottiaea (between Haliacmon and Axius), Almopia, Mygdonia (located in lowlands of lake Bolbe), Crestonia (to the no…

Argilus

(81 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Delian League (Ἄργιλος; Árgilos). Founded by settlers from Andros, c. 3 km inland from the mouth of the Strymon. Member of the  Delian League, seceded from Athens in 424/23 BC (Thuc. 4,103,4), remained autonomous until the capture of Amphipolis by Philip II. A settlement still existed in Roman imperial times. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography M. Zahrnt, Olynth und die Chalkidier, 1971, 158-160 F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Macédoine, 1988, 363.

Celetrum

(81 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] ( Celetrum). Town in the Epirote or rather upper Macedonian region of Orestis, only once mentioned in literature with this name (Liv. 31,40,2), but because of the clearly described location identified as the modern Kastoria. Probably founded anew under Galerius at the beginning of the 4th cent. AD as Diokletianopolis, afterwards deserted, rebuilt under Justinian (Procop. Aed. 4,3). Bishop's seat in the 6th cent. AD (Hierocles, Synekdemos 642,12). Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Macédoine, 1988, 238f.

Amphipolis

(391 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Thraci, Thracia | | Macedonia, Macedones | Macedonia, Macedones | Peloponnesian War | Delian League (Ἀμφίπολις; Amphípolis). City in the fertile land of the  Edones, on a hillside 4.5 km upriver of the mouth of the  Strymon which surrounds the city on three sides. It was founded in 437/6 BC by the Athenian Hagnon in this strategically dominating position (Ἐννέα Ὁδοί, Ennéa Hodoí, ‘Nine Ways’), with the support and participation of other Greek towns (Thuc. 9; Diod. Sic. 12,32,3). A. controlled the land rou…
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