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Mobility

(1,274 words)

Author(s): Fellmeth, Ulrich (Stuttgart)
[German version] A. Definition The concept of spatial and social mobility means the - voluntary or involuntary - movement of people or social groups from one position to another: geographically (usually residential mobility) [1] or within a social structure (social mobility) [2. 224-234; 3. 572-576]. This modern concept must be applied with great care to historical circumstances. In Antiquity, there was nothing even approaching an idea of or a term for the modern definition of mobility. For mobility…

Tabula Peutingeriana

(481 words)

Author(s): Fellmeth, Ulrich (Stuttgart)
[German version] Medieval copy (12th/13th cents.) of a map-like representation, named after one of the former owners, K. Peutinger of Augsburg (died in 1547) and based on an ancient model: it shows Pompeiis (destroyed in AD 79; 6,5) as well as Constantinopolis (founded in 328/330; 9,1). The original model must have been created in the 4th cent. with the aid of sources that reach back to the 1st cent. AD. The TP is a parchment role ( c. 680 × 33 cm) in 11 individual sheets (Vienna, Nationalbibliothek; the TP is numbered by these segments with five sub-columns each). It co…

Spalatum

(163 words)

Author(s): Fellmeth, Ulrich (Stuttgart)
[German version] (Ἀσπάλαθος/ Aspálathos). Town in Dalmatia on the southwest tip of a peninsula, c. 5 km southwest of Salona (Tab. Peut. 6,3; Geogr. Rav. 4,16), modern Split; until the 4th cent. AD an insignificant Illyrian-Greek harbour town (medicinal sulphur springs). In AD 295-305, Diocletianus had a home built here for his retirement, where he lived until his death (probably in 313). The palace was designed in the tradition of Roman castles and villas ( c. 180 × 215 m, four gateways, outer wall with sixteen fortified towers). At the intersection of the cardo and decumanus

Salona

(407 words)

Author(s): Fellmeth, Ulrich (Stuttgart)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Christianity | | Coloniae | Commerce | Legio | Limes | Moesi, Moesia | Pilgrimage | Rome | Rome (Σάλων/ Sálōn, Σαλῶναι/ Salônai). City in Dalmatia on Kaštela Bay above the mouth of the Jadro with an important natural harbour protected by islands and peninsulas off the coast. The ancient remains of S. (practically only foundation walls survive) lie to the north and west of modern Solin, a suburb of Split. The first settlement of the Thracian Manii was conquered by Celtic-Illyrian Dalmatae in the 4th cent. B…

Territorium

(278 words)

Author(s): Fellmeth, Ulrich (Stuttgart)
[German version] The original Latin term territorium (Greek chora) meant the area of a town ( civitas A., polis ) within which the civic sovereignty (in spite of the essentially personal nature of the ancient polity) unconditionally applied. This territorial body, used as a means to structure an area, consisted of a central location which formed the focus of political, administrative, economic (Market II.), cultic and cultural life, and the surrounding land with its villages. The Greek East, Ita…

Pola

(335 words)

Author(s): Fellmeth, Ulrich (Stuttgart)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Venetic | | | Coloniae | Moesi, Moesia (Πόλα/ Póla, Πόλαι/ Pólai). City on the south-western tip of the peninsula of Histria, modern Pula. The site on a spacious, deeply carved bay with the Brioni islands offshore make P. an outstanding natural harbour. Mythically founded by the Colchians (Colchis), the area of P. was settled since the Bronze Age at the latest; since the 11th cent. BC, by Illyrians. After the Roman conquest of Histria in 178/7 BC,…

Salona

(362 words)

Author(s): Fellmeth, Ulrich (Stuttgart)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Christentum | Coloniae | Handel | Legio | Limes | Moesi, Moesia | Pilgerschaft | Roma | Roma | Theater | Straßen (Σάλων, Σαλῶναι). Stadt in Dalmatia an der Kastelanski-Bucht oberhalb der Jadro-Mündung mit wichtigem, durch vorgelagerte Inseln und Halbinseln geschütztem, natürlichem Hafen. Die ant. Reste von S. (fast nur Grundmauern erh.) liegen nördl. und westl. des h. Solin, eines Vororts von Split. Die erste Siedlung thrakischer Manioi wurde im 4. Jh. v. Chr. von kelt.-illyr. Dalmatae erobert. Kurz …

Pola

(298 words)

Author(s): Fellmeth, Ulrich (Stuttgart)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Coloniae | Moesi, Moesia | Theater | Venetisch | Straßen | Straßen (Πόλα, Πόλαι). Stadt an der SW-Spitze der Halbinsel Histria, h. Pula. Die Lage an einer geräumigen, tief eingeschnittenen Bucht und die vorgelagerten Brioni-Inseln machen P. zu einem hervorragenden Naturhafen. Mythen zufolge von Kolchern (Kolchis) gegr., war das Gebiet von P. spätestens seit der Brz. besiedelt, seit dem 11. Jh. v. Chr. von Illyriern. Nach der röm. Eroberung von Histri…

Mobilität

(1,176 words)

Author(s): Fellmeth, Ulrich (Stuttgart)
[English version] A. Definition Der Begriff der räumlichen und sozialen M. meint die - freiwillige oder unfreiwillige - Bewegung von Personen oder sozialen Gruppen aus einer Position in eine andere: im geogr. Raum (in der Regel Wohnort-M.) [1] oder innerhalb eines sozialen Gefüges (soziale M.) [2. 224-234; 3. 572-576]. Die Übertragung dieses mod. Begriffs auf histor. Zustände erfordert große Vorsicht. In der Ant. bestand nicht einmal ansatzweise eine Vorstellung oder ein Begriff von der mod. Definit…