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Haustafel

(386 words)

Author(s): Fitzgerald, John T.
[German Version] The term Haustafel, “domestic code,” refers to a list of the various duties and responsibilities of the members of a household. Such lists appear in ancient ¶ ethical literature and set out the appropriate behavior toward gods, the state, friends, other members of the household, and outsiders. Content, form, and function vary considerably; domestic codes appear in the unwritten laws of Greek popular culture (Aesch. Supplices 701–709), in various philosophical traditions (Cic. Off. 1.17.58; Sen. Ep. 94.1; Ps-Plut. Moralia 7e; Hierocles Stoicus), Hellenistic Jewish texts (Jos. Apion. II 190–210; Philo Decal. 165–167; Ps-Phocylides 175–227) and in early Christian literature ( 1 Clem. 21.6–9; Did. 4.9–11). The origins of domestic codes have been sought in the Greek wisdom…

Friendship

(3,210 words)

Author(s): Mohn, Jürgen | Berges, Ulrich | Fitzgerald, John T. | Gandler, Hans-Helmuth | Vowinckel, Gerhard | Et al.
[German Version] I. Religious Studies – II. Old Testament – III. New Testament – IV. Philosophy – V. Social Sciences – VI. Systematic Theology I. Religious Studies Religious studies have paid little attention to friendship, since it appears initially not to be a phenomenon of primary relevance to religion but to denote simply a personal relationship between individuals, culturally conditioned and codified, that represents a form of identityforming social life. As a result, very different understandings of friendship…

Blessing and Curse

(3,866 words)

Author(s): Pezzoli-Olgiati, Daria | Steymans, Hans Ulrich | Lehnardt, Andreas | Fitzgerald, John T. | Greiner, Dorothea | Et al.
[German Version] I. Religious Studies – II. Old Testament – III. Judaism – IV. New Testament – V. Historical and Systematic Theology– VI. Practical Theology I. Religious Studies From the perspective of religious studies, blessing and curse are dense, complex terms, hard to summarize in a single concept that would include every religious symbol system. They should not be thought of primarily as opposites but as parallel polyvalent terms that express different forms of religious communication. They represent complex processes that condense different encodings of the religious message: words and actions are closely interwoven in blessing and curse, a situation reflected not least in the etymology of these terms. Both derive from verbs signifying an action. “Bl…

Oath

(4,263 words)

Author(s): Hock, Klaus | Steymans, Hans Ulrich | Börner-Klein, Dagmar | Fitzgerald, John T. | Krieg, Arno | Et al.
[German Version] I. Religious Studies – II. Old Testament – III. Judaism – IV. New Testament – V. Church History – VI. Ethics – VII. Law I. Religious Studies