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People's Liberation Army

(3,142 words)

Author(s): Frankenstein, John
Together with the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and the state apparatus, the People's Liberation Army (PLA) is one of the three pillars of the Chinese regime. In fact, between 1927 and 1949, the party and the "Red Army" (as the PLA was known during that time) were indistinguishable. With China moving towards the goal of becoming a modern state and a modern society, the PLA is also on the road to modernization. 1. Beginnings: The Red Army The CCP and the PLA both have their origin in the fight for order that ensued after the collapse of the Qing dynasty in 1911. The CCP, …

Defense Industry

(1,740 words)

Author(s): Frankenstein, John
The military-industrial complex (MIC) is a microcosm within the Chinese industry: an amalgamation of the modern and the outdated. The Chinese leadership has been attempting to reform this complex since the 1980s. The MIC has had substantial industrial success. China is capable of producing a full range of modern weapons systems, from small arms to intercontinental missiles carrying hydrogen bombs. Nonetheless, the MIC suffers from the usual problems caused by China's degenerating command economy…