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Derivational Morphology

(1,787 words)

Author(s): Frits Waanders
Abstract Derivation is an important device for the creation of new words from existing words by means of suffixes. Suffixes fall into several categories: verbal, substantival, adjectival, adverbial. Derivatives also fall into different categories, according to whether they are derived from verbal stems (: deverbatives) or nominal stems (: denominatives), or (seldom) some other base. A suffix may be zero (e.g., a nominal stem can also be used as a verbal stem, without any addition – apart from suf…
Date: 2013-11-01

Thessalian

(1,726 words)

Author(s): Frits Waanders
Abstract Thessalian is the ancient Aeolic dialect of Thessaly in Northern Greece, with several local varieties. The variants of Pelasgiotis (Larisa, Crannon; Phalanna in Perrhaebia) and Thessaliotis (Pharsalus, Cierium) are the best known. Thess. did not develop a literary language; epigraphic sources provide the information about the dialect. On the accentuation of Thess., one can only draw indirect conclusions. Useful selections of Thess. inscriptions, with linguistic commentary, are found in Buck (1965³) and Colvin (2007). 1. Definition Thessalian is the name of the a…
Date: 2013-11-01

Adjectives (Morphological Aspects of)

(1,746 words)

Author(s): Frits Waanders
Abstract Ancient Greek adjectives fall into four groups, by two criteria: 1) they have either three (masc., fem, neut.) or two (masc./fem., neut.) inflections; 2) masc. and neut. are inflected as either 2nd declension stems ( o-stems) or 3rd declension stems. Simple adjectives are normally of three endings, compound adjectives of two endings. Feminines, if they have separate forms, are always inflected as 1st (vocal) declension stems, either in or beside masc. o-stems, or in beside masc. cons. stems. Degrees of comparison: either -teros (comp.) and -tatos (sup.), or -(i)ōn (co…
Date: 2013-11-01