Fuchs, Andreas (Jena) [German version] A. Introduction (CT) In the ancient world,
topoi were used in dialectical and rhetorical reasoning in order to ascertain suitable arguments and thus to attain the goal of the argumentation (Cicero defines
argumenti sedes, the seats of an argument, that is, places where it can be found; Cic. Top. 2, 8).
Topoi, which in Aristotle were at first defined as methods and forms, were increasingly also set by content [27. 234-237]. They could then also, as in Cicero and the
Rhetorica ad Herennium, be used for amplification, for deliberati…