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Faḍlī

(722 words)

Author(s): Ghūl, M.A.
(commonly written Fadhlī ), a tribal territory now one of the states of the Federation of South Arabia, area about 1600 square miles with an estimated population of 55,000. Its western bounds touch on the Aden Colony and then run northwest bordering on Laḥd̲j̲ (ʿAbdalī), Ḥaws̲h̲abī and Lower Yāfiʿ territories; in the northeast it is bounded by ʿAwd̲h̲alī and Dat̲h̲īna, in the east by the Lower ʿAwlaḳī, and on the south by the Arabian Sea. The country consists of two main parts…

Faḳīh, Bal

(417 words)

Author(s): Ghūl, M.A.
, a family of Bā ʿAlawī sayyids of Tarīm in Ḥaḍramawt descended from al-Faḳīh Muḥammad b. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān, called al-asḳaʿ , a prominent scholar who, after studying in his native Tarīm, Aden, Zabīd, Mecca and Medina, settled in Tarīm, where he died in 917/1512. A kind of historical work by him was used as a source of the Taʾrīk̲h̲ of Bā Faḳīh al-S̲h̲iḥrī, where it is referred to as K̲h̲aṭṭ cf. R. B. Serjeant in BSOAS, xxv (1962), 246. His great ancestor was Muḥammad b. ʿAlī b. Muḥammad ¶ ṣāḥib Mirbāṭ , commonly called al-ustād̲h̲ al-aʿẓam wa ’l-faḳīh al-muḳaddam (d. 653/1255). The Bal Faḳīh sayyids…

Faḳīh, Bā

(672 words)

Author(s): Ghūl, M.A.
, a family of Bā ʿAlawī sayyids of Tarīm in Ḥaḍramawt descended from Muḥammad b. ʿAlī (d. 862/1458), called mawlā ʿAydīd or ṣāḥib ʿ Aydīd , after ʿAydīd, now a suburb of Tarīm, to which he moved from Tarīm. His father, ʿAlī b. Muḥammad (d. 838/1434) was called ṣāḥib al-ḥawṭa , after an estate he had near Tarīm which he developed as a plantation and which became a sacrosanct enclosure ( ḥawṭa ). The name Bā Faḳīh apparently refers to ṣāḥib al-ḥawṭa’s great-grandfather, al-Faḳīh Aḥmad b. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. ʿAlī b. Muḥammad (d. 726/1326), whose great-grandfather was Muḥammad ṣaḥib Mirbāt

Faḍl, Bā

(501 words)

Author(s): Ghūl, M.A.
, a family of mas̲h̲āyik̲h̲ of Tarīm in Ḥaḍramawt claiming descent from the Saʿd al-ʿas̲h̲ira clan of Mad̲h̲ḥid̲j̲. The name Bā Faḍl seems to derive from an ancestor called al-faḳīh Faḍl b. Muḥammad b. ʿAbd al-Karīm b. Muḥammad, whose genealogy cannot be traced beyond that. They seem to have had supreme authority in religious matters in ¶ Tarīm until superseded by the Bā ʿAlawī sayyid s around the 9th/15th century. They have long been prominent as ṣūfī s and faḳīh s, jurists. In the 10-11th/16th-17th centuries one branch existed in Aden. The most famou…

Bayḥān Al-Ḳaṣāb

(576 words)

Author(s): Ghul, M.A.
, forme la partie centrale du Wādī Bayḥān (voir l’art, précédent), s’étendant entre Bayḥān al-Dawla au Sud et Bayḥān al-Asfal au Nord. Il comprend également le Ḵh̲irr occidental qui part vers le Sud, à l’Ouest du Wādī Bayḥān, jusqu’à sa rencontre avec ce dernier près ¶ de la ville d’al-Ḳaṣāb. Bayḥān al-Ḳaṣāb forme maintenant, avec Bayḥān al-Asfal, le Territoire indépendant de Bayḥān dans le Protectorat occidental d’Aden. Les limites du territoire au Sud-ouest et au Nord-ouest sont une partie de «la ligne du statu quo» de 1934 entre le Yama…

Bayḥān al-Ḳaṣāb

(533 words)

Author(s): Ghul, M.A.
forms the central part of the Wādi Bayḥān (see the preceding art.), lying between Bayḥān al-Dawla (S) and Bayḥān al-Asfal (N). It includes also W. Ḵh̲irr which starts in the south, to the west of W. Bayḥān, until it meets the latter near the town of al-Ḳaṣāb. Bayḥān al-Ḳaṣāb, together with Bayḥān al-Asfal, now forms the Independent Territory of Bayḥan in the Western Aden Protectorate. The Territory’s boundaries in the S-W and N-W are a part of the “status quo line” of 1934 between Yaman and the …

Faḍl, Bā

(515 words)

Author(s): Ghūl, M. A.
, famille de mas̲h̲āyik̲h̲ de Tarīm, au Ḥaḍramawt, qui prétend descendre du clan mad̲h̲ḥid̲j̲ite de Saʿd al-ʿAs̲h̲īra. Le nom de Bā Faḍl paraît provenir d’un ancêtre appelé al-Faḳīh Faḍl b. Muḥ. b. ʿAbd al-Karīm b. Muḥ., dont on ne peut faire remonter plus haut la généalogie. Les Bā Faḍl semblent avoir détenu l’autorité religieuse suprême à Tarīm jusqu’au jour où ils furent supplantés par les sayyids Bā ʿAlawī, vers le IXe/XVe siècle, mais ils conservèrent longtemps une certaine importance comme Ṣufīs et juristes. Au Xe-XIe/XVIe--XVIIe s., une branche de ia famille existait à A…

Faḳīh, Bā

(681 words)

Author(s): Ghūl, M. A.
, famille de sayyids des Bā ʿAlawī de Tarīm, au Ḥaḍramawt, descendant de Muḥ. b. ʿAlī (m. 862/1458) qui est appelé Mawlā ʿAydīd ou Ṣāḥib ʿAydīd, du nom d’un faubourg de Tarīm où il s’était établi. Son père, ʿAlī b. Muḥ. (m. 838/1434), était appelé Ṣāḥib al-Ḥawṭa, du nom d’une propriété qu’il possédait près de Tarīm et dont il avait fait une plantation devenue un enclos sacro-saint ( ḥawṭa). Le nom de Bā Faḳīh paraît se rapporter à l’arrière-grand-père de Ṣāḥib al-Ḥawṭa, al-Faḳīh Aḥmad b. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. ʿAlī b. Muḥ. (m. 726/1326), dont l’arrière-grand-père éta…

Faḍlī

(744 words)

Author(s): Ghūl, M. A.
(orth. courante Fadhli), territoire tribal constituant maintenant l’un des États de la Fédération de l’Arabie du Sud (superficie: environ 4000 km2; population estimée à 55000 âmes). Il est limité à l’Ouest par la Colonie d’Aden, au Nordouest par les territoires de Laḥd̲j̲ (ʿAbdalī), de Ḥaws̲h̲abī et du Yāfiʿ inférieur, au Nord-est par le ʿAwd̲h̲alī et le Dat̲h̲īna, à l’Est, par le ʿAwlaḳi inférieur et au Sud par le golfe d’Aden. Le pays comprend deux parties principales: à l’Ouest, les basses terres d’Abyan, en par…

Faḳīh, Bal

(422 words)

Author(s): Ghūl, M. A.
, famille de sayyids des Bā ʿAlawī de Tarīm au Ḥaḍramawt, descendant ḍ’al-Faḳīh Muḥ. b. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān, surnommé al-Asḳaʿ, éminent savant qui, après avoir étudié à Tarīm, Aden, Zabīd, la Mekke et Médine, revint dans sa ville natale, où il mourut en 917/1512. Il écrivit une sorte d’ouvrage historique qui a servi de source au Taʾrik̲h̲ de Bā Faḳīh al-S̲h̲iḥrī [voir Faḳīh, Bā], où il est cité comme k̲h̲aṭṭ (voir R. B. Serjeant, dans BSOAS, XXV (1962), 246). Son ancêtre éloigné est Muḥ. b. ʿAlī b. Muḥ. Ṣāḥib Mirbāṭ, communément appelé al-Ustād̲h̲ al-aʿẓam wa-l-faḳīh al-muḳaddam (m. 653/1255). L…