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Wigwam

(181 words)

Author(s): Goodman, Felicitas D.
[English Version] . Der Terminus W. bezieht sich i.allg. auf die traditionelle Behausung der nordamer. Indianer (: II.,1.), insbes. der Eastern Woodlands der Algonkinstämme. Das W. besteht aus einer kuppelförmigen oder konischen Form mit kreisförmigen oder ovalem Boden (Durchmesser: 3 m – 4,30 m). Es wird aus dicken Ästen oder Zweigen errichtet, die tief in den Boden gerammt und deren Enden eng miteinander verbunden werden. Am oberen Ende hat das W. eine Öffnung, durch die der Rauch entweichen kan…

Wigwam

(193 words)

Author(s): Goodman, Felicitas D.
[German Version] The term wigwam refers in general to the traditional housing of North American Indians (Native American Indians: II, 1), especially the eastern woodlands Algonquin tribes. A wigwam is a dome-shaped or conical structure with a circular or oval base, having a diameter of 3.0 to 4.3 m. It is constructed out of thick branches rammed deep into the ground, with their tops lashed together tightly. A wigwam has an opening at the top allowing smoke to escape. The roof and walls are covered w…

Native American Dance

(318 words)

Author(s): Goodman, Felicitas D.
[German Version] The traditional dances of the Native Americans are thought to be gifts of the spirit world. They are always of a religious character and can thus be understood as “prayers in motion.” They ask for rain for the crops or for plentiful game animals. Many dances arose to facilitate coping with the rigors of life on the reservations. The Ghost Dance served as a vehicle for a revitalization movement, which the government reacted to with the massacre of men, women, and children at Wounde…

Exorcism

(1,256 words)

Author(s): Goodman, Felicitas D. | Pompey, Heinrich
1. In Religious Studies The term “exorcism” refers to a rite of healing intended to expel things or beings that supposedly have penetrated and possessed a person from the alternate reality, causing physical or spiritual suffering. Taking place in ecstatic trance, exorcism represents contact with the realm of the holy, and the rites thus have a sacred character. Exorcisms occur in religions from every type of society. Among aborigines and bushmen spirit animals or other noxious beings leave objects behind in those possessed by them, and the medicine man…