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(3,232 words)

Author(s): Grace N. Mburu | Raquel Flores
I. Social Facts   A landlocked country in North Africa, in 2015 Sudan had a population of approximately 36 million. The Sudanese Arab ethnic group makes up around 70% of the population; other ethnic groups such as Fur, Beja, Nuba, and Fallata are also present, but their exact numbers are unknown. Islam is the state religion of Sudan, and Muslims comprise approximately 90% of the population, belonging overwhelmingly to the Sunni denomination. Degrees of orthodoxy are variable; however, most Sudanese Muslims are influenced by Sufi philosophies ove…

Congo, Democratic Republic of the

(2,579 words)

Author(s): Grace N. Mburu
 I. Social Facts  The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is the third-largest country in Africa, with an estimated total population of  77.4 million people (July 2014 estimate). Roughly 80% of the population professes the Christian faith, with a large percentage of the Christians (up to 50%) being Roman Catholic. Other Christian denominations include Protestant, Orthodox, and Kimbanguist followers. Protestants and Evangelicals make up approximately 40% of the Christian population. The Kimbanguist f…


(1,504 words)

Author(s): Grace N. Mburu
I. Social Facts  The Gabonese Republic is an equatorial African country with an estimated population of 1.7 million people. Approximately 73% of the population adheres to Christianity. Two-thirds of Christians are Roman Catholics while the remaining third is mostly Evangelical Christians. Other Christian groups include the Christian Alliance Church, the Assembly of God, and Seventh-day Adventists who mostly reside in the far northern regions of Gabon. Some Christians incorporate elements of traditional religions into their religious practice. About 10% of the population …


(1,637 words)

Author(s): Grace N. Mburu
I. Social Facts  Kiribati, formerly known as the Gilbert Islands, is an island republic in the Central Pacific. Kiribati is made up of 33 islands stretching along the equator with an estimated population of 104,000 people. The population of Kiribati is a mixture of people from Southeast Asia, Tonga, and Samoa. The residents of Kiribati are highly religious. Approximately 97% of the Kiribati population professes Christianity as their religion, and although there is no official state religion Christianity plays an important social and cultural rol…

South Sudan

(2,141 words)

Author(s): Grace N. Mburu | Raquel Flores
I. Social Facts  South Sudan has an estimated population (July 2015) of 12,042,910 people. The belief system in South Sudan can best be described as pluralistic. Approximately 60% of the South Sudanese population adheres to the Christian faith. Those who exclusively practice indigenous religions comprise about 33% of the population. The percentage of the population practicing indigenous religions rises to almost 85% when it includes those practicing indigenous religions combined with Christianity o…


(1,709 words)

Author(s): Grace N. Mburu
I. Social Facts   Niger is a West African country with an estimated population of 19.2 million people. Though Niger is technically a secular state, 98% of its population professes the Islamic faith. Muslims are approximately 95% Sunni and 5% Shi’ite. Other religions represented in Niger include Catholicism and the Bahá’í faith. Bahá’ís primarily live in the capital, Niamey, and on the west side of the Niger River. There is also a very small part of the population that follows indigenous religious beliefs. Although the constitution gives protection to all forms of faith and gua…


(1,990 words)

Author(s): Grace N. Mburu
I. Social Facts  Benin, formerly known as Dahomey Kingdom, is a West African country with an estimated population of 10.32 million people. There is no dominant religion in Benin. The two main religions are Roman Catholicism, estimated at 27% of the population, followed by Islam at 24%. Muslims, who are mostly Sunni, are concentrated in northern areas. Though Benin is known as the home of Vodun (Voodoo), according to the most recent national census (2002), only 17% of the population practices Vodun exclusively as its main religion. This percentage rises to 60% when including t…


(2,190 words)

Author(s): Grace N. Mburu
I. Social Facts  Togo, officially known as the Togolese Republic, is a West African country with an estimated population of 7.4 million people. Catholicism, Protestantism, and Islam are recognized as state religions. Approximately 33% of the Togolese exclusively practice African traditional religion. The Roman Catholic Church claims 28% of the population, while 14% of the Togolese people adhere to the Islamic faith. The central and northern regions are home to most Muslims. Protestants and other Ch…