[German version] Both the black poplar (αἴγειρος/
aígeiros, Hom. Il. 4,482-87; Od. 7,106; 10,510 and 17,208, Lat.
populus nigra) and the silver poplar (ἀχερωίς/
acherōḯs in Hom. Il. 13,389 and 16,482, then λευκή/
populus alba) are frequently encountered in ancient literature. Theophrastus (Hist. pl. 3,14,2) and Pliny (HN 16,85f.) provide good descriptions, the latter even including the woolly seeds. Medicinal use is to be found for the bark, the resin and the leaves. Dioscorides (1,83 Wellmann = 1,110 Berendes) mention…