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(129 words)

Author(s): Haile, Getatchew
[German Version] A hamlet in Tigray, northern Ethiopia. The settlement earned its fame as the site of the first defeat of a European colonial power by an African nation. On Mar 1, 1896, the Ethiopian army, led by Emperor Menelik II (1889–1913), won a decisive victory over the Italian army, led by General Oreste Baratieri, frustrating the Italians' attempt to make Ethiopia an Italian colony. Adwa became an important date of reference for political nationalism and the Ethiopia in Africa. Getatchew Haile Bibliography O. Baratieri, Memorie d'Africa (1892–1896), 1898 G.F.-H. Berkeley, The …


(86 words)

Author(s): Haile, Getatchew
[German Version] The ancient capital of Ethiopia, located in Tigray (northern Ethiopia). Although founded before the Christian era, the city later became famous as the birthplace of Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity. Although destroyed in the 10th and 16th centuries, it is still considered a sacred city by believers, and is called “Our Mother Zion.” “Zion” refers to Mary, symbolized by Moses' Ark of the Covenant (Temple) which is traditionally believed to be kept in St. Mary's church there. Getatchew Haile Bibliography S.C. Munro-Hay, Axum, 1991.


(3,128 words)

Author(s): Haile, Getatchew
[German Version] I. General – II. Christianity – III. Present I. General Ethiopia is bordered by Sudan, Kenya, Somalia, and Eritrea. The name “Ethiopia” originally referred to regions inhabited by black peoples. The word is the Greek translation by the Septuagint of the name “Cush” in the Hebrew Bible; it appears it is also the equivalent to …

Takla Haymanot, Saint

(414 words)

Author(s): Haile, Getatchew
[German Version] (Dec 21, 1215?, Zorare/Bulga – Aug 20, 1313?, Dabra Asebo/Libanos, Ethiopia), popular saint of the Orthodox Church of Ethiopia. ¶ Born Fesseha Seyon (“Joy of Zion”), he experienced his transformation to Takla Haymanot (“Plant of Faith”) through an appearance of the archangel Michael during a hunting expedition with his entourage. He immediately traveled throughout Shewa in southern Ethiopia, preaching the gospel, performing miracles, and baptizing thousands. Although Abuna Takla Haymanot is famous throughout Christian Ethiopia, he is known preem…