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Jabłonna

(1,851 words)

Author(s): Henschel, Christhardt
Municipality in the Voivodeship of Mazovia in central Poland. In August and September 1920, several thousand Jewish members of the Polish armed forces were interned in a former Russian military complex located near the town, in what is now known as Legionowo. Their exclusion was justified on the basis of their alleged collaboration with the enemy. The events surrounding Jabłonna must be seen against the direct background of the Polish-Soviet War; at the same time, they also point to the tense relationship between Jews and Polish military formations from the late 18th century onward. 1. T…
Date: 2020-05-12

Cantonists

(1,697 words)

Author(s): Henschel, Christhardt
Term for underage soldiers in the Russian Empire, among whom were many Jewish boys between 1827 and 1856 in particular. The state authorities viewed the recruitment and the term of service, which was full of deprivation, as instruments for the assimilation and modernization of the Jewish population. The involvement of the Kahal in the recruitment system contributed to its weakening. The former cantonists belonged to the first Jews who were granted settlement outside of the Pale of Settlement due to their acculturation.From 1719 onwards, every regiment in the Russian mi…
Date: 2023-10-24