[German Version] Any understanding of “good” and “goods” is determined by an understanding of the highest good.
1 The so-called “good” is that which, as the perfection of the present, is experienced as attractive and thus as something to strive for (cf. Arist.
Eth. Nic. 1094 a3, 1172b; Thomas Aquinas,
In Metaphysicam Aristotelis commentaria, 1926, Liber IV, n. 317). Every present-action context defines the good in three configurations: (a) as a determination of the present-action context that has become world-immanent (the realized
bonum); (b) as still outstanding possibiliti…