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Intervarsity Christian Fellowship

(274 words)

Author(s): Hutchinson, Mark
[German Version] (IVF) is a worldwide evangelical Christian student movement, which emerged out of the British biblicist reaction to the ecumenical Student Christian movement. Formed in 1928 by three evangelical leaders, H.W. Guinness, Douglas Johnson, and Hugh Gough, and influenced by medical and faith missions, the Cambridge Inter-Collegiate Christian Union (CICCU), the Plymouth Brethren, and the Keswick Movement, the IVF formalized existing inter-university evangelical union links, which had be…

International Fellowship of Evangelical Students

(242 words)

Author(s): Hutchinson, Mark
[German Version] (IFES). The IFES is an interdenominational evangelical fellowship uniting national networks of university Christian Unions. It emerged out of the formalization of links between Norwegian (Norges Kristelige Studentlag) and British (Intervarsity Christian Fellowship, IVF) evangelical university missions. Robert Wilder (formally Student Volunteer Movement for Foreign Mission, SVM), H.W. Guinness, and Douglas Johnson (IVF) and Ole Hallesby (Norges Kristelige Studentlag Skoleungdomslag…

Dowling, Henry

(175 words)

Author(s): Hutchinson, Mark
[German Version] (Nov 30, 1780, near Bath, England – Mar 29, 1869, Tasmania, Australia). Tasmanian Baptist minister. From 1793 a sailor with the East India Company, Dowling was influenced by William Huntingdon and Samuel Eyles Pierce to accept Christ and associate with the London Itinerant Society. After preaching and pastoring with the Countess of Huntingdon Connexion (S.H. Hunt…

Burgmann, Ernest Henry

(88 words)

Author(s): Hutchinson, Mark
[German Version] (May 9, 1885, near Taree, New South Wales, Australia – Mar 14, 1967, Canberra), Anglican bishop, social reformer and one of Anglicanism's most influential thinkers. As bishop of Goulburn (1934–1967) Burgmann championed Christian social and labor concerns and devoted himself to popular education. He helped frame the UN Declaration of Human Rights. From his vision for an Australian Anglican university grew St. John's College in Morpeth and St. Mark's National Seminary in Canberra. Mark Hutchinson Bibliography P. Hempenstall, The Meddlesome Priest, 1993.

Fitchett, William Henry

(175 words)

Author(s): Hutchinson, Mark
[German Version] (Aug 9, 1841, Grantham, Lincolnshire, England – May 26, 1928, Kew, Victoria, Australia) migrated to Geelong, Australia, in 1849. The limited education which Fitchett had received as a child, he supplemented by wide reading and so worked his way into the Methodist ministry (Methodists) in 1866 and took his B.A. at the University of Melbourne in 1872. Fitchett was the first president of the prestigious Methodist Ladies College, Kew (1882) and president of the Wesleyan Methodist Conf…

Mowll, Howard West Kilvinton

(201 words)

Author(s): Hutchinson, Mark
[German Version] (Feb 2, 1890, Dover – Oct 24, 1958, Sydney), Anglican missionary and bishop. After studies at King's College, Cambridge, he was ordained deacon for colonial service in 1913; he served as deacon at Wycliffe College, Toronto, until 1922, when he became assistant bishop of West China. In 1933 he was elected archbishop of Sydney, where his opposition to liberal modernism made him very popular. He succeeded in raising Moore Theological College under Thomas Chatterton Hammond to the lev…

Johnson, Richard

(131 words)

Author(s): Hutchinson, Mark
[German Version] (c. 1753 Welton, Yorkshire, England – Mar 13, 1827, London). First chaplain to the ¶ British colony of New South Wales, Johnson was a product of the evangelical revival and influenced by leading evangelicals such as the Milners, W. Wilberforce, and J. Newton. Primitive conditions, state interference, convict opposition, and his own melancholic character restrained the influence of his somewhat prosaic and unimaginative evangelical preaching. He served without assistance until S. Marsden arrived …

McGowan, Robert John Henry

(202 words)

Author(s): Hutchinson, Mark
[German Version] (Aug 25, 1870, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia – Jan 14, 1953, Ashfield, New South Wales, Australia), Presbyterian minister. Educated at Ormond College in Melbourne and ordained in 1899, McGowan was influenced by the revival movement initiated by John MacNeil and Reuben Torrey. During his pastorate in Ashfield (1907–1949) McGowan built up the congregation there to become the largest in the Presbyterian Church in New South Wales and became a principal activist in the support of missi…

Kitchen, John James

(154 words)

Author(s): Hutchinson, Mark
[German Version] (Apr 16, 1866, Melbourne – Jun 24, 1952, Kew, Victoria) was a leading Australian doctor and promoter of the faith missions of the Plymouth Brethren. Kitchen followed his father in support of the China Inland Mission (Australia) as treasurer, then as secretary, and home director. He was fundamental in founding the Melbourne Bible Institute (now Bible College of Victoria), the Upwey Convention, the Prayer Union for Israel, the Poona and India Village Mission, and the United Missiona…

Lang, John Dunmore

(179 words)

Author(s): Hutchinson, Mark
[German Version] (Aug 25, 1799, Grennock, Inverclyde, Scotland – Aug 8, 1878, Sydney, Australia), Presbyterian minister, politician, educationalist, and propagandist. The first Presbyterian to the mainland of Australia (moving to Sydney in 1823), Lang helped local independent churches adapt to Presbyterian structures and link with the Established Church of Scotland. Evangelical, energetic if troublesome, Lang was responsible for the migration of most of the first generation of Australian Presbyter…

Marsden, Samuel

(217 words)

Author(s): Hutchinson, Mark
[German Version] (Jun 25, 1765, Bogly, England – May 12, 1838, Windsor, New South Wales, Australia), clergyman, agriculturist, and missionary leader. Marsden received an Anglican college education at Hull and Cambridge with the support of the Evangelical Elland Society (W. Wilberforce), which sent him to Australia in 1793 as second chaplain for the colony of New South Wales. The society considered the colony a potential base for the conversion not only of the convicts shipped to Australia but of t…

Flynn, John

(176 words)

Author(s): Hutchinson, Mark
[German Version] (Nov 25, 1880, Moliagul, Australia – May 5, 1951, Sydney), son of a schoolteacher, attended University High School in Carlton and became a state schoolteacher in Victoria. Already entrusted with mission rural missions, Flynn trained for the Presbyterian ministry. His successful text, Bushman's Companion (1910), made Christianity relevant to land workers in the shearers' camps. His impressions of the vast Smith of Dunesk Mission (1911), which he conveyed to the Presbyterian Church in Australia, led to the founding of the Au…

Kirkby, Sydney James

(158 words)

Author(s): Hutchinson, Mark
[German Version] (Jan 24, 1879, Bendigo, Victoria – Jul 13, 1935, Sydney), an Anglican priest, converted under the influence of Herbert Smirnoff Begbie. He studied at the Moore Theological College in Sydney, Australia, and was ordained in 1905. Kirkby became well known as a pioneer of the Protestant mission and as a campaigner for political issues. In 1920, he was a founding missionary of the newly established Bush Church Aid Society, which aimed to meet the challenges facing the missions of the H…

Lancaster, Sarah Jane

(210 words)

Author(s): Hutchinson, Mark
[German Version] (Jun 3, 1858, Williamstown, Victoria, Australia – Mar 6, 1934, Melbourne) was a Pentecostal evangelist. Lancaster was initially a school ¶ teacher and Methodist, influenced by international holiness literature, particularly reports of the Sunderland revival (1907). Lancaster experienced baptism in the Holy Spirit and healings in 1908, and in 1909 she established the Good News Hall (GNH), Australia's first permanent Pentecostal congregation. Pentecostal leaders (Pentecostalism) such as William Sloan, W…

Broughton, William Grant

(90 words)

Author(s): Hutchinson, Mark
[German Version] (baptized in Nov 1768, Chatham, Kent, England – Feb 20, 1853, London), founding bishop of the Anglican High Church in Australia. Broughton came to Australia in 1828 and established the Church despite the secular character of the colony, materialism, enormous distances, and a shortage of clergy and resources. He founded Anglican schools, supported the establishment of new dioceses, and created the structure of the Australian Anglican Church. Mark Hutchinson Bibliography K.J. Cable, Australian Dictionary of Biography, 1966, 158–164 A.G.L. Shaw, Patriarch and Pa…

Deck, John Northcote, and Norman Cathcart

(197 words)

Author(s): Hutchinson, Mark
[German Version] John Northcote (Mar 12, 1875, London – May 10, 1957, Toronto) and Norman Cathcart (1882 – Aug 31, 1980) were brothers from a large missionary family belonging to the Bohemian and Moravian Brethren, which contributed significantly to the South Seas Evangelical Mission (also known as the Deck Mission) and the evangelization of the Pacific. N…

Morling, George Henry

(158 words)

Author(s): Hutchinson, Mark
[German Version] (Nov 21, 1891, Sydney, Australia – Apr 8, 1974, Sydney), Baptist theologian. Educated at Sydney University, Morling taught at the Victorian Baptist College from 1915 and was among the first intake to transfer in to the newly opened New South Wales Baptist College. After two brief pastorates, he replaced Alexander Gordon as principal in 1922, a position he kept until 1960 (“Principal Morling”). He also taught in church history at his alma mater. By maintaining a balanced, non-confr…

Nash

(187 words)

Author(s): Hutchinson, Mark
[English Version] Nash, Clifford Harris (16.12.1866 London – 27.9.1958 Melbourne), anglik. Geistlicher und evangelikale Führergestalt. Nach Ausbildung an der Oundle School und der Universität Cambridge wurde N. durch die Schule B.F. Westcotts, Handley Carr Glynn Moule u.a. zu einem konservativen Evangelikalismus der Mitte hin beeinflußt. Zu seinen Tätigkeiten gehörten Lehre und Predigt in: Musselburgh; Huddersfield, Yorkshire; seit 1897 Sydney (u.a. Church Hill, Redfern); Melbourne (St. Columb's, Ha…

Perry, Charles

(231 words)

Author(s): Hutchinson, Mark
[German Version] (1807, London – Dec 2, 1891, Cambridge), founding Anglican bishop of Melbourne. Perry studied in Cambridge, and was ordained in 1836. On the advice of Henry Venn, secretary of the Church Missionary Society, Perry was elevated as bishop of Melbourne on Jun 29, 1847, and arrived in Melbourne (population 43,000) on Jan 23, 1848. The gold rushes made Melbourne the financial capital of Australia. Perry supported the Gorham view on baptismal renewal, in opposition to the High Church (Hi…

Nash, Clifford Harris

(198 words)

Author(s): Hutchinson, Mark
[German Version] (Dec 16, 1866, London, UK – Sep 27, 1958, Melbourne, Australia), Anglican minister and evangelical leader. After his education at Oundle School and the University of Cambridge, Nash was influenced by the school of B.F. Westcott, Handley Carr Glynn Moule and others, towards a middle-of-the-road conservative evangelicalism. His activities included teaching and preaching in: Musselburgh; Huddersfield, Yorkshire; Sydney (among others Church Hill, Redfern) from 1897; Melbourne (St. Col…
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