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Phanomachus

(67 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[German version] (Φανόμαχος; Phanómachos). Athenian stratēgós 430/ 429 BC: successful siege of Poteidaia in 430 BC; he was impeached on account of his alleged lenience towards the Poteidaians and acquitted. He was killed during the Athenians’ devastating defeat at Spartolus in the early summer of 329 BC (Thuc. 2,70; 79; Diod. Sic.12,47,3; Paus. 1,29,7: stele for the fallen at the Dipylon Gate). Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)

Peisianax

(112 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[German version] (Πεισίαναξ; Peisíanax). Athenian, Alcmaeonid (Alcmaeonids), brother of Isodice who married Cimon [2] in around 480 BC . P. endowed the Stoa Peisianakteios built around 460 on the northern side of the Athenian Agora near the Panathenaean Way. Its foundations have been partly uncovered north of the modern Hadrian's Road. Four large plates (e.g. Battle of Marathon: [1]) decorated this hall that was later known as the Stoa Poikile. Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography 1 E. Harrison, The South Frieze of the Nike Temple and the Marathon Painting in the…

Nicides

(69 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[German version] (Νικίδης/ Nikídēs). Son of Phoenicides, of the dḗmos of Melite (IG I3 422 col. III, 212; 216; 424,17f.; 426 col. II, 75; And. 1,12f.: Nikiades). In 415 BC, he was condemned to death in absentia in a sacrilege case (see Mutilation of the Herms) upon denunciation by Andromachus; his property was sold (IG, ibid.). Alcibiades [3]; Meletus [1] Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography Davies, 408  Traill, PAA 713050.

Philoctemon

(80 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[German version] (Φιλοκτήμων; Philoktḗmōn). According to Isaeus (Or. 6) he was the oldest son of Euctemon from Cephisia, whose great fortune (brothels and bath houses, herds of goats and mules) caused a dispute. P. served as a knight; he died as a trierarch (captain of a trireme) around 370 BC off the coast of Chios. Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography Davies 15164; vgl. 14093  R.F. Wevers, Isaeus, 1969  W.E. Thompson, Isaeus VI: The Historical Circumstances, in: CR 20, 1970, 1-4.

Telesippus

(50 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[German version] (Τελέσιππος; Telésippos). Great-nephew of Pericles [1], son of Hippocrates [3], from Cholargus. C. 420 BC he and his brothers Demophon and Pericles were the target of comedic mockery (Aristoph. Nub. 1001; fr. 116 and 568 PCG; Eupolis fr. 112 PCG). Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography Davies, 11811, 456 f.

Myrrhine

(81 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[German version] (Μυρρίνη/ Murrhínē). Athenian noblewoman, daughter of Callias [2], mother of five children by Hippias [1] (Thuc. 6,55,1). Born probably no later than 570 BC; year of death and other information unknown; object of ridicule in Aristophanes (Equ. 449). Added by Jacoby to the text of Cleidemus (FGrH 323 F 15) as the daughter of Charmus, the polemarch of c. 557/6 (regarding this and other entanglements [1. 450]). Myrtle; Peisistratus; Peisistratids Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography 1 Davies 2 PA 10485 3 Traill, PAA, 662355.

Peisistratids

(490 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[German version] (Πεισιστρατίδαι; Peisistratídai). Athenian aristocratic oíkos from Brauron (Plut. Solon 10,3; Pl. Hipparch. 228b), which is said to go back Neleus, son of Zeus, via Nestor [1] of Pylos (Hdt. 5,65; Peisistratus [1] and [2]). Herodotus only refers to the Athenian sons of the tyrant Peisistratus [4] and their offspring as P. (528/7-511/10 BC), whereas later and modern literature often includes all generations: in 669/8 BC, a  Peisistratus [3] is árchōn (Paus. 2,24,7); the name of Hippocrates [1], the father of Peisistratus [4], is remembered because o…

Themistocles

(904 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[German version] (Θεμιστοκλῆς). Athenian, of the Phrearrhii deme in the Leontis phyle, and of the family of the Lycomidae, b. c. 525 BC, the son of Neocles [1] (Hdt. 7,143 et alibi; Nep. T. 1,1; Plut. T. 1,1 and 4; Aristid. 5,4) and a perhaps non-Athenian mother (cf. Nep. T. 1,1; Plut. T. 1,2); an important politician at the time of the Persian Wars [1]. Mnesiphilus is said to have been the teacher of T., who was reputed to have been headstrong (cf. Thuc. 1,138,3; Nep. T. 1,2; Plut. T. 2) and to set little store by artistic education (Ion …

Meltas

(111 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[German version] (Μέλτας; Méltas). His name is mentioned only by Pausanias (2,19,2): son of (‘king’; Plut. mor. 89e) Lakedas, descendant in the tenth generation of Medon (the grandson of Temenos), the last king of the Argives (mostly identified with the last Temenid king mentioned but not named in Diod. 7,13,2). Non historical character, neither the son of Leokedes mentioned in Hdt. 6,127,3 or the son of Pheidon (ca. 1st half of 6th.cent.BC) nor the magistrate ( basileús) Melantas c. 450 BC (ML 42, Z. 43). Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography T. Kelly, History of Argos, 1976, 107f. M.…

Abdemon

(70 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[German version] Phoenician from Tyre (Diod. Sic. 14,98) or Citium (Theopomp. FGrH 115 F 103), who murdered the Tyrian usurper of Salamis c. 415 BC (Isoc. Or. 9,26).  Evagoras, who fled to Soli under A., returned in 411 (Isoc. Or. 9,26-32; Diod. Sic. loc. cit.) and restored the Greek monarchy. Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography H. Berve, Die Tyrannis bei den Griechen, 1967, 341 F. G. Maier, Cyprus and Phoenicia, CAH 62, 312.

Timonassa

(60 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[German version] (Τιμώνασσα; Timṓnassa). Daughter of a Gorgilus of Argus. At first the wife of the Cypselid Archinus, tyrant of Ambracia. Later the second wife of Peisistratus [4], the father of her two sons Iophon [1] and Hegesistratus [1]  (Aristot. Ath. pol. 17,3). Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography Davies 11793,VI, p. 449  L. de Libero, Die archaische Tyrannis, 1996, 88.

Meltas

(90 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[English version] (Μέλτας). Name nur von Pausanias (2,19,2) genannt: Sohn des (“Königs”; Plut. mor. 89e) Lakedas, 10. Nachfahre des Medon, des Enkels des Temenos, letzter Argeierkönig (meist mit dem namentlich nicht gen. letzten Temenidenkönig bei Diod. 7,13,2 identifiziert). Unhistor. Gestalt, weder Sohn des bei Hdt. 6,127,3 genannten Leokedes oder Sohn des Pheidon (ca. 1. H. 6. Jh.v.Chr.) noch der Magistrat ( basileús) Melantas ca. 450 v.Chr. (ML 42, Z. 43). Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography T. Kelly, History of Argos, 1976, 107f.  M. Wörrle, Unt. zur Verfassungsg…

Nikides

(58 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[English version] (Νικίδης). Sohn des Phoinikides, aus dem dḗmos Melite (IG I3 422 col. III, 212; 216; 424,17f.; 426 col. II, 75; And. 1,12f.: Nikiades). 415 v.Chr. im Mysterienprozeß (s. Hermokopidenfrevel) auf Andromachos' Denunziation in Abwesenheit zum Tod verurteilt; Verkauf des Besitzes (IG, ebd.). Alkibiades [3]; Meletos [1] Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography Davies, 408  Traill, PAA 713050.

Metiochos

(87 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[English version] (Μητίοχος). Ältester Sohn des Miltiades [2], Halbbruder Kimons [2]. Führte von den fünf Trieren, mit denen Miltiades am Ende des Ionischen Aufstandes aus der Chersonesos [1] 493 v.Chr. nach Athen floh, jene, die von den Persern aufgebracht wurde: Dareios [1] aber gab ihm Lehen und eine Frau, deren Kinder ganz als Perser galten (Hdt. 6,41,2-4; nicht-herodotische Trad. bei Markellinos, Thukydides-Vita 12 - dagegen z.B. [1. 302]). Über die wohl athenische Mutter oder etwaige Geschwister ist nichts bekannt. Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography 1 Davies 2 P…

Melobios

(109 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[English version] (Μηλόβιος). Athener. Im Verlauf des oligarchischen Umsturzes von 411 v.Chr. hielt M. die Rede, die das psḗphisma des Pythodoros betreffend u.a. die Erhöhung der Zahl der bevollmächtigten Kommissare von 10 (Thuk. 8,67,1) auf 30 (Androtion FGrH 324 F 43; Philochoros 328 F 136) vorstellte (Aristot. Ath. pol. 29,1). 404 einer der “Dreißig” ( triákonta ; Xen. hell. 2,3,2; Hyp. fr. 61); an Lysias' [1] Verhaftung beteiligt (Lys. 12,12). Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography A.W. Gomme, A. Andrewes, K.J. Dover, A Historical Commentary on Thucydides, Bd. 5, 19…

Abdemon

(72 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[English version] Phoiniker aus Tyros (Diod. 14,98) oder Kition (Theop. FGrH 115 F 103), der den tyrischen Usurpator von Salamis ca. 415 v. Chr. ermordete (Isokr. or. 9,26). Der unter A. nach Soloi geflüchtete Euagoras kehrte 411 zurück (Isokr. or. 9,26-32; Diod.l.c.) und stellte die griech. Monarchie wieder her. Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography H. Berve, Die Tyrannis bei den Griechen, 1967, 341  F. G. Maier, Cyprus and Phoenicia, CAH 62, 312.

Plangon

(69 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[English version] (Πλαγγών). Tochter des athen. stratēgós des J. 389 v.Chr. Pamphilos [1], geb. vor 404. Erste Frau des Mantias [1], dem sie Boiotos (alias Mantitheos) und - außerehelich nach Scheidung und Tod ihrer Nachfolgerin - Pamphilos gebar. Zum Rechtshandel um das Namensrecht zwischen “Mantitheos” und Halbbruder Mantitheos [3] vgl. Demosth. or. 38 und [Demosth.] or. 39f. (ca. 350). Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography Davies, 365f.  Traill, PAA 774575.

Myrrhine

(74 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[English version] (Μυρρίνη). Adelige Athenerin, Tochter des Kallias [2], Mutter von fünf Kindern des Hippias [1] (Thuk. 6,55,1). Geb. kaum nach 570 v.Chr., Todesjahr oder sonstiges unbekannt; bei Aristophanes (Equ. 449) Gegenstand des Spottes. Von Jacoby in den Text von Kleidemos (FGrH 323 F 15) eingefügt als Tochter des Charmos, des Polemarchen von ca. 557/6 (zu dieser und anderen Verwirrungen [1. 450]). Peisistratos; Peisistratidai Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography 1 Davies 2 PA 10485 3 Traill, PAA, 662355.

Phanomachos

(50 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[English version] (Φανόμαχος). Athenischer stratēgós 430/ 429 v.Chr.: erfolgreiche Belagerung Poteidaias im J. 430; Anklage wegen angeblicher Milde gegen die Poteidaier und Freispruch; verheerende Niederlage und Tod im Frühsommer 329 bei Spartolos (Thuk. 2,70; 79; Diod. 12,47,3; Paus. 1,29,7: Stele für die Gefallenen beim Dipylon-Tor). Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)

Deinomache

(50 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[English version] (Δεινομάχη). Tochter (Plut. Alk. 1,1) des Megakles (Sohn des Hippokrates aus Alopeke); Großnichte des Kleisthenes; Frau (Plat. Alk. 105d; Athen. 5,219c) des 447/46 v.Chr. gefallenen Kleinias; Mutter des Alkibiades [3] (Plat., Athen. ebd.; Prot. 320a). Traill, PAA 302530  Davies 600, 9688, Table 1. Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
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