[German Version] In addition to the temple in Palestine and northern Arabia, there were open-air sanctuaries, demarcated sites whose inventory regularly included an
asherah , a holy tree, and a
massebah, a holy stone, at least since the late Neolithic era. As its Old Testament designation,
asherah, indicates, the tree represents the goddess, while the
massebah was considered the locus of the presence of the god (thus Beth-El, Bethyl [Bethel]; cf. Gen 28:18–19a).
Masseboth/bethyls could be left in their natural state, decorated with reliefs, sculpted geometrica…