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Monastery schools

(1,328 words)

Author(s): Koerrenz, Ralf (Jena RWG)
Koerrenz, Ralf (Jena RWG) [German version] A. Definition (CT) A distinction must be made between the monastery school (MS) in the broader sense ('monastery as school') and the narrower one. The differentiating criterion consists in the means and methods by which learning was conducted, and the purpose of that learning. In the broader sense, the entire institution of the monastery may be described as a school in which learning was controlled by social, temporal and spatial rules. This is contrasted with t…

Cathedral School

(1,201 words)

Author(s): Koerrenz, Ralf (Jena RWG)
Koerrenz, Ralf (Jena RWG) [German version] A. Definition (CT) Schools established in the centres of power and organisation of bishoprics for the primary purpose of training diocesan clerics. Beyond that, they also fulfilled an important educational function for the maintaining of the political structure through the so-called schola exterior. Koerrenz, Ralf (Jena RWG) [German version] B. Chronology (CT) Since the mid-8th cent. the function of the Cathedral School (CS) had been programmatically as well as organisationally established in the interplay bet…

Latin school

(1,366 words)

Author(s): Koerrenz, Ralf (Jena RWG)
Koerrenz, Ralf (Jena RWG) [German version] A. Terminology (CT) The term 'Latin school' (LS) is not unambiguously clarified by its term of reference. On the one hand, it can be used to designate the schools that arose in the 12th and 13th cents. at the initiative of the towns, which, unlike the ecclesiastically-focused institutions of the cathedral and monastery schools, cultivated the transmission of the Latin language primarily for the sake of economic and political communication. On the other hand, how…