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International Relations up to 1949

(4,144 words)

Author(s): Kuo-Chi, Lee
1. The Period before the Opium War Throughout its history, China's relationship to the outside world was determined by two factors: its geographic situation and its cultural tradition. Geographically, China is surrounded by high mountains, deserts, and oceans. Thus nature gives it an insular character which has not been without influence on its historical development. All around the Chinese Empire there were always foreign nations which were either weaker militarily, or on a lower cultural level than t…