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Plinta

(51 words)

Author(s): Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl)
[English version] Gote in röm. Dienst, Verwandter Aspars (Ardabur [1]; ILS 1299), evtl. Vorfahre des Basilikos [2. 426f.]. P. schlug 418 n.Chr. eine Rebellion in Palaestina nieder. 419 war er Consul, danach bis ca. 438/440 magister militum. Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl) Bibliography 1 PLRE 2, 892f. 2 W. Brandes, Familienbande?, in: Klio 75, 1993, 407-437.

Radagaisus

(120 words)

Author(s): Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl)
[English version] (Ῥοδογάϊσος). Gotischer König, überquerte 405 n. Chr. die Donau und fiel in It. ein (Zos. 5,26,3; Oros. 7,37,4-17; [1. 206-217; 2. Bd. 3,1, 200 f.]). Er teilte das Heer in drei Gruppen (Chron. min. 1,652), eine Gruppe gelangte vielleicht nach Gallien [2. Bd. 3,2, 22 f.]. Während er Florenz belagerte, wurde er von Stilicho abgedrängt (Paulinus, Vita Ambrosii, Kap. 50), bei Fiesole eingeschlossen, gefangengenommen und hingerichtet (23.8.406: Chron. min. 1,299). Die Überlebenden traten offenbar auf die röm. Seite über [3. 213]. PLRE 2, 934. Lütkenhaus, Werner (…

Onoulf

(102 words)

Author(s): Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl)
[English version] Bruder des Odoacer. Nach dem Untergang des Attilareiches mit seinem Vater Anführer der Skiren (Sciri; Iord. Get. 277f.), nach deren Niederlage ab 469 n.Chr. in röm. Diensten. Vom magister militum praesentalis Armatus gefördert, ermordete er diesen 477 auf Befehl des Zeno (Malchos, FHG 4, p. 117, fr. 8 = fr. 9,4 Blockley) [2. 411-413]. Magister militum in Illyrien 477-479, wechselte zu seinem Bruder, besiegte 488 die Rugier (Eugippius, Vita Severini 44,4). 493 nach Odoacers Niederlage ermordet (Iohannes Antiochenus, FHG 5, p. 29, fr. 214a). Lütkenhaus, Werner (M…

Matasuntha

(78 words)

Author(s): Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl)
[English version] Enkelin Theoderichs d.Gr.; 536 n.Chr. von Vitigis zur Ehe gezwungen, versuchte sie 538, Ravenna an die Byzantiner zu verraten, angeblich, um Belisarios (?) zu heiraten (Prok. BG 2,10,11). 540 wurde sie zusammen mit Vitigis (gest. 542) nach Konstantinopel gebracht und ehelichte 549/550 Germanus [1] (gest. 550). Geburt des Sohnes Germanus 550/1. M. führte den ungewöhnlichen Titel einer patricia (Iord. Get. 81). Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl) Bibliography PLRE 3B, 851f.  H. Wolfram, Die Goten, 1990, 343, 347, 357.

Leuthari

(84 words)

Author(s): Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl)
[English version] Alamanne, Bruder des Butilinus. L. zog zusammen mit diesem 553 n.Chr. vermutlich im Auftrag des Frankenkönigs Theodebald I. nach Italien. Er trennte sich von Butilinus, zog nach Beutezügen in Südit. allein nach Norden zurück, wobei er nach einem Angriff byz. Truppen die Beute wieder verlor. L. und ein großer Teil seines Heeres starben 554 in der Nähe von Ceneta in Venetien infolge einer Seuche (Agathias 1,6; 22,1-3). Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl) Bibliography 1 PLRE 3, 789f. 2 D. Geuenich, Gesch. der Alemannen, 1997, 93f..

Rechiarius

(77 words)

Author(s): Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl)
[English version] Suebenkönig in Spanien 448-455 n. Chr., Katholik [2. 21-23], heiratete eine Tochter des Westgotenkönigs Theoderich I., plünderte Nordspanien 448/9 (Chron. min. 2,25) und schloß 453 und 454 vorübergehend Verträge mit den Römern (Chron. min. 2,27). R.' Expansionspolitik zu Beginn der Regierung Theoderichs II. (453-466) brachte ihn in Konflikt mit den Westgoten. In dieser Auseinandersetzung wurde R. 455 getötet (Chron. min. 2,29). Suebi Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl) Bibliography 1 PLRE 2, 935 2 R. Collins, Early Medieval Spain, 1983.

Odoacer

(521 words)

Author(s): Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl)
[German version] Rex in Italy AD 476-493. Son of Edeco, brother of Onulf, probably born in 433 (cf. Iohannes Antiochenus, FHG 4, p. 617, fr. 209,1). O.'s family came from the circles around the court of Attila, and so it is hard to determine to which tribe they belonged [5. 124]. The number and identity of O.'s siblings is also a matter of debate ([4]; contra [2]). After the disintegration of Attila's empire (454) O.'s father and Onulf led the Sciri until 469. O.'s whereabouts during this period are uncertain; his identification with O., the leader of the Saxons, ([4. 347f.], c. 463-469 in Ga…

Vadomarius

(201 words)

Author(s): Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl)
[German version] [1] King of the Marcomanni, 2nd cent. AD (Ballomarius). King of the Marcomanni, who, from a position of neutrality (?), together with ambassadors from ten other tribes negotiated a peace with M. Iallius Bassus, the governor of Upper Pannonia, in AD 166, after attacking Germani had suffered a defeat (Cass. Dio, 71,3,1a = Petrus Patricius fr. 6 de Boor = Excerpta de legationibus 2,391 de Boor). Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl) Bibliography P. Kehne, s. v. Markomannenkrieg (Hist.), RGA 19, 2001, 308-316, especially 312 (with older bibliography). [German version] [2] King o…

Reccared

(43 words)

Author(s): Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl)
[German version] Visigoth king 586-601 AD, son of Leowigild; in 587 he brought about the conversion of the Visigoths to Catholicism (Chron. min. 2,218). Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl) Bibliography D. Claude, Adel, Kirche und Königtum im Westgotenreich, 1971, 77-91  PLRE 3, 1079 f.

Radagaisus

(116 words)

Author(s): Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl)
[German version] (Ῥοδογάϊσος/ Rhodogáïsos). Goth king, crossed the Danube in AD 405 and invaded Italy (Zos. 5,26,3; Oros. 7,37,4-17; [1. 206-217; 2. vol. 3,1, 200 f.]). He divided his army into three groups (Chron. min. 1,652); one may have reached Gaul [2. vol. 3,2, 22 f.]. While besieging Florence he was repelled by Stilicho (Paulinus, Vita Ambrosii, ch. 50), surrounded at Fiesole, taken prisoner and executed (23.8.406: Chron. min. 1,299). The survivors evidently defected to the Roman side [3. 213]. PLRE 2, 934. Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl) Bibliography 1 M. Cesa, Römisches Heer…

Waccho

(72 words)

Author(s): Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl)
[German version] (also Wacho, Waccho, Vaces). King of the  Langobardi; he killed his uncle Tato, expelled his cousin Ildichis and sought by marriage policies to make alliances with the Thuringi, the Gepidae and the Heruli. Allied with Byzantium, he refused in 539 AD to support  Witigis. V. died shortly afterwards. (Paulus Diaconus, Historia Langobardorum 1,21;  Procop. Goth. 2,22,11-12). Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl) Bibliography J. Jarnut, Geschichte der Langobarden, 1982, 20-22  PLRE 3, 1350.

Verritus

(87 words)

Author(s): Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl)
[German version] In AD 57 together with Mal(l)orix 'prince' ( regebant, Tac. Ann. 13,54) of the Frisii, who had occupied Roman military territory to the south of the IJsselmeer (Flevum). After the intervention of the Lower German governor L. Duvius Avitus the two requested Rome to allocate the territories to them. Nero did grant them citizenship, but refused to assignment the territories and had the Frisians expelled by force (Tac. Ann. 13,54). Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl) Bibliography W. Will, Römische 'Klientel-Randstaaten' am Rhein?, in: BJ 187, 1987, 1-61, esp. 28 f.

Thraustila

(153 words)

Author(s): Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl)
[German version] [1] Murderer of Valentinianus [4] III, 5th cent. AD Protector of Valentinianus [4] III, formerly in the service of Aetius [5]. He and Optila murdered Valentinianus in AD 455, in order to avenge the death of Aetius, probably on the instructions of Maximus [8], to whom he delivered the diadem (Iohannes Antiochenus fr. 201,4 f., FHG 4, 615; Chron. min. 1,303, where he is Aetius [2]' son-in-law; 2,86). PLRE 2,1117 f. Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl) [German version] [2] Magister militum, 5th cent. AD Magister militum in the Eastern empire, executed after a conspiracy aga…

Richomeres

(117 words)

Author(s): Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl)
[German version] Frank in Roman service. As comes domesticorum sent by Gratianus [2] from Gallia to Thracia in AD 377/378 (Amm. Marc. 31,7,4); he became magister militum per orientem in 383, consul in 384. In 388 he took part in the campaign against Maximus [II 7]. R. introduced Eugenius [1] to his nephew Arbogastes (Zos. 4,54,1) who installed Eugenius as emperor on 22 August 392. R. returned to the East. He died in 393 prior to the campaign against Eugenius. R. was in contact with Libanius (cf. Lib. Ep. 972) and Symmachus (Symmachus Ep. 3,54-69). Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl) Bibliography 1 PLRE…

Leuthari

(90 words)

Author(s): Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl)
[German version] Alemannian, brother of Butilinus. L. marched with him to Italy in AD 553 presumably on behalf of the king of the Franks Theodebald I. He parted from Butilinus, and after plundering expeditions in southern Italy went back north alone; after an attack by Byzantine troops he lost his booty again. L. and a large part of his army died of an epidemic in 554 near Ceneta in Venetia (Agathias 1,6; 22,1-3). Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl) Bibliography 1 PLRE 3, 789f. 2 D. Geuenich, Geschichte der Alemannen, 1997, 93f..

Tarbigilus (Tribigild)

(105 words)

Author(s): Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl)
[German version] Goth, related to Gainas, comes in the Eastern Empire. Probably an enemy of Eutropius [4]  (Claud. in Eutropium 2,176-180). In 399 AD he and his foederati troops rebelled (with Gainas's knowledge?) against Arcadius in Phrygia (Zos. 5,13,2-4), at first he was victorious over the imperial troops sent against him but afterwards he was defeated by them at Selge (Zos. 5,16,1-5); after uniting his troops with Gainas he marched on Constantinople (Zos. 5,18,4-9). He was killed during battles in Thrace (Philostorgios 11,8; [2. 151]). Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl) Bibliography 1 …

Segericus (Segeric)

(42 words)

Author(s): Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl)
[German version] Visigoth king in 415 AD, brother of Sarus, successor to Ataulfus but assassinated after a few days, probably because of his pro-Roman attitude (Oros. 7,43,9). Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl) Bibliography 1 PLRE 2, 987 2 P. Heather, Goths and Romans, 1991, 197 f.

Thrasamund(us)

(168 words)

Author(s): Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl)
[German version] King of the Vandals 496-523, grandson of Geisericus, son of Gentunis; successor to his brother Gunthamundus (Procop. Vand. 1,8,8; Chron. min. 2,193; dates of his reign: Chron. min. 3,458 f.). In c. 500, T. married Amalafrida, the sister of the Ostrogoth king Theoderic (Theodericus [3]) the Great (Anon. Vales. 12,68). T.' relationship with the latter was strained in c. 511 by his financially supporting the Visigoth Gesalicus, who had fled to Africa after being defeated by the Ostrogoths (Chron. min. 2,223; Theoderic's letters to T.: Cassi…

Matasuntha

(92 words)

Author(s): Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl)
[German version] Granddaughter of Theoderic [3] the Great; having been forced into marriage in 536 AD by Vitigis, she tried to betray Ravenna to the Byzantines in 538, supposedly in order to marry Belisarius (?) (Procop. Goth. 2,10,11). In 540 she and Vitigis (d. 542) were brought to Constantinople, and in 549/50 she married Germanus [1] (d. 550). Birth of a son, Germanus, in 550/1. M. bore the unusual title of a patricia (Iord. Get. 81). Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl) Bibliography PLRE 3B, 851f. H. Wolfram, Die Goten, 1990, 343, 347, 357.

Onulf

(123 words)

Author(s): Lütkenhaus, Werner (Marl)
[German version] Brother of Odoacer. After the fall of Attila's kingdom, O. led the Sciri (Iord. Get. 277f.), together with his father. After their defeat, he served the Romans from AD 469 on. Challenged by the magister militum praesentalis Armatus, he killed him in 477, on the orders of Zeno (Malchus, FHG 4, p. 117, fr. 8 = fr. 9,4 Blockley) [2. 411-413]. O. served as m agister militum in Illyria from 477 to 479, then changed to his brother's side and in 488 defeated the Rugians (Eugippius, Vita Severini 44,4). He was murdered in 493 after Odoacer's defeat (Io…
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