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Orion כסיל

(1,123 words)

Author(s): L. Zalcman
I. Name The Heb. word כסיל, vocalized kĕsîl, is the name of a constellation or individual star mentioned three times in the OT ( Amos 5.8; Job 9.9; Job 38.31), in each instance in connection with kîmâ (Pleiades), and once in a plural form at Isa. 13.10. It is usually identified with Orion, though the evidence of the ancient versions and later sources is ambiguous. The plural should be understood in a general sense as ‘constellations’. As a common noun, kĕsîl has the sense ‘fool’, ‘stupid fellow’. A widespread view holds that the mention of kĕsîl at Job 38.31 contains a reference to …

Pleiades כימה

(860 words)

Author(s): L. Zalcman
I. Name The Hebrew noun כימה, vocalized kîmâ, is the name of a constellation or individual star mentioned three times in the OT ( Amos 5.8; Job 9.9; Job 38.31), in each instance in connection with kĕsîl (Orion). It is usually identified with the Pleiades, although the evidence of the ancient versions is highly equivocal. This identification is confirmed by Geez, Tigre kema = Pleiades and by the appearance (Lambert 1984:396–397) of kà-ma-tù in a lexical list at Ebla as the equivalent of Sumerian mul-mul, ‘Pleiades’, lit. ‘the stars’ ( ŠL. IV/2 no. 279; Horowitz f.c., chap. 7 table …