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Galatea and Polyphemus

(3,741 words)

Author(s): Müller, Gernot Michael
(Γαλάτεια, Πολύφηµος; Latin Galatea, Polyphemus) A. Myth The unrequited love of the Cyclops P. for the Nereid G. is first recorded in a dithyramb by Philoxenus of Cythera dated to the early 4th cent. BC, also the source of the association of the daughter of Nereus and the nymph Doris previously mentioned only in the catalogues of Nereids in Homer and Hesiod (Hom. Il. 18,45; Hes. Theog. 250) with the one-eyed giant (Hom. Od. 1,70) descended from Poseidon. Referring to the Odyssey, Philoxenus goes on to say that the awkward P. courts G. in vain, because she has decided in favo…

Moirae

(3,776 words)

Author(s): Müller, Gernot Michael
(Μοῖραι [ Moîrai]; Latin Parcae) A. Myth While Homer speaks only of one Moirē (with the sole exception of Hom. Il. 24,49, where a group of goddesses of fate appears), ruling the fates and lives of men and determining their end (Hom. Il. 16,853; 18,119 et al.), the M. make their first appearance as three sisters in Hesiod’s Theogony. Hesiod sometimes calls them daughters of Zeus and Themis, sisters of the Horae (Hes. Theog. 901–906), and sometimes daughters of Nyx (Night) like Ker and Thanatos (Death; Hes. Theog. 217f.). He also gives them the names and…