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3.4. War and warfare

(7,291 words)

Author(s): Madreiter, Irene
A. Introduction [German source] ‘It is beautiful for a brave man to fall by the enemy’s hand in the fight for the homeland’, declared the lyric poet Tyrtaeus (Fr. 6 Diehl) in the mid-7th century. Military conflict indeed appears to have been a decisive factor in the history of the ancient Mediterranean. The period under scrutiny in this volume begins with the attacks of the ‘Sea Peoples’, and most of the oldest surviving Greek epic, the  Iliad, consists of battles descriptions. No fewer than two out of every three years were years of war during the Greek Archaic and Classical Periods.But what…
Date: 2018-08-16

Anonymous, De Armenia (679)

(34,193 words)

Author(s): Madreiter, Irene
This entry was prepared by Irene Madreiter and published on 1 October 2016. General note on BNJ 679 BNJ 679 assembles references to various authors, who wrote on early Armenian history and lived from the third century BC to the eighth century AD. F 1-F 4 are anonymous references in Strabo, Pompeius Trogus/Justin and Prokopios, for which no exact dates of origin can be given. At least Prokopios calls his sources Histories of the Armenians (see commentary on F 3-F 4). Starting with F 5 Felix Jacoby collected passages in Armenian from Moses of Chorene (fl. 8th century AD). He is a…

Anonymous, On Magnesia (482)

(13,987 words)

Author(s): Madreiter, Irene
This entry was prepared by Irene Madreiter and published on 1 October 2015. About this Historian Historian: Anonymous, On Magnesia Jacoby number: 482 Attested works: Historian's date: 3rd century BC 2nd century BC Historical focus: Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 482 F 1 Source: Inscriptions from Magnesia 46.1-15 (K.J. Rigsby, Asylia. Territorial Inviolability in the Hellenistic World (Berkeley, CA 1996), 230-33, no. 96) (SEG3 560) Work mentioned: Source date: 3rd century BC 2nd century BC 1st century BC Source language: Greek Fragment subject: Inscriptions- Library of Congress poli…

Anonymous, On Samos (545)

(11,454 words)

Author(s): Madreiter, Irene
This entry was prepared by Irene Madreiter and published on 1 April 2015. About this Historian Historian: Anonymous, On Samos Jacoby number: 545 Attested works: Historian's date: uncertain Historical focus: Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 545 F 1 Source: Pausanias, Description of Greece 7.4.1-4 (ed. Rocha-Pereira) Work mentioned: Source date: 2nd century AD Source language: Greek Fragment subject: geography, ancient - Library of Congress constitutional history, ancient - Library of Congress genealogy - Library of Congress etiology - Library of Congress asylum, right of - …

Barsuma-Chorobutus (695)

(2,728 words)

Author(s): Madreiter, Irene
This entry was prepared by Irene Madreiter and published on 1 October 2015. About this Historian Historian: Barsuma-Chorobutus Jacoby number: 695 Attested works: Historian's date: 9th century AD Historical focus: III. History of Cities and Peoples ( Horography and Ethnography) | C. Authors on Single Countries | V. Babylonia, Assyria, Media, Persia Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 695 T 1 Source: Moses Khorenats‘i (Moses of Chorene), History of the Armenians (ed. Whiston), 2, 66-67 Work mentioned: Source date: 4th century AD Source language: arm Fragment subject: history, ancient - …

3.4. Krieg und Kriegswesen

(7,139 words)

Author(s): Madreiter, Irene
A. Einleitung»Der schönste Tod von allen ist es, von Feindes Hand/als tapfrer Mann zu fallen im Streit fürs Heimatland«, erklärte der Lyriker Tyrtaios (Fr. 6 Diehl) zur M. des 7. Jh.s. Tatsächlich scheinen kriegerische Auseinandersetzungen ein bestimmender Faktor im ant. Mittelmeerraum gewesen zu sein. Der Untersuchungszeitraum dieses Bandes beginnt mit dem sog. Seevölkersturm, das älteste erhaltene griech. Epos, die Ilias, besteht zum Großteil aus Schlachtenschilderungen und während der griech. Archaik und Klassik herrschte gar in zwei von drei Jahren Krieg. Was ist unter…
Date: 2017-08-01