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Adam (Vita Adae et Evae)

(2,991 words)

Author(s): Meiser, Martin
The Life of Adam and Eve, originally written in Greek (former title “Apocalypse of Moses”), was translated in Armenian (“Penitence of Adam”), Georgian, Latin (“Vita Adae et Evae”), and Slavonian; its thoroughgoing reception history in the medieval age includes widespread traditions in France, England, Ireland, and Denmark (see Murdoch, 2009). G. Anderson and M.E. Stone present in the second edition of their Synopsis of the Books of Adam and Eve (1999) the versions in their original languages and translations of these version on the facing page. It is uncertain wh…
Date: 2020-09-21

James the Great

(2,629 words)

Author(s): Meiser, Martin
James, Son of Zebedee (d. 43 CE), was one of the three most intimate disciples of Jesus (along with Peter and his brother John) among the twelve apostles. Zebedee, his father, was a fisherman on the Sea of Galilee, probably living in or near Capernaum. Zebedee had some hired men, so his family was not as poor as the family of Peter and Andrew. The name James is well known. In the Old Testament the son of Isaac is the only one who bears this name (see Gen 25:26). After the 2nd century BCE, the name is used more often: within the list of the translators’ names in Let. Aris. 47–50, “James” occurs twice; i…
Date: 2020-09-21

Adam and Eve

(2,575 words)

Author(s): Meiser, Martin
Concerning the story of Adam and Eve in the Bible, there are some topics that attracted interest within both exegesis and art. Within exegesis, these main topics are “image and likeness” (Gen 1:26–27), breath of life (Gen 2:7), Adam and Eve in paradise (Gen 2:8–14), God’s command (Gen 2:16, 17), human free will (Gen 3), seduction and sin (Gen 3:1–7), mortality and immortality (Gen 3:19), and repentance of Adam and consequences for humankind. Within art, the creation of Adam, paradise, the creation of Eve, Adam’s fall, and Adam’s and Eve’s pain after the fall are the main issues.ExegesisTypo…
Date: 2020-09-21