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Cult/Worship

(8,783 words)

Author(s): Baudy, Dorothea | Xella, Paolo | Ego, Beate | Niebuhr, Karl-Wilhelm | Lehmkühler, Karsten | Et al.
[German Version] I. Religious Studies – II. History of Scholarship – III. Ancient Near East – IV. Old Testament and Early Judaism – V. New Testament – VI. Philosophy of Religion – VII. Christianity – VIII. Liturgical Practice – IX. Ethics I. Religious Studies 1. Concept The word “cult” comes from Lat. cultus. Cicero ( De senectute 56) uses the phrase cultus deorum in the sense of “worship of the gods.” It invariably refers to acts of “care and tending”; in secular contexts the word denotes agrarian work (cf. agriculture). There …

Parenesis

(1,098 words)

Author(s): Koenen, Klaus | Niebuhr, Karl-Wilhelm
[German Version] I. Old Testament – II. New Testament Greek παραίνεσις/ paraínesis (from παραινέω/ parainéō) means “advice, counsel, exhortation.” Among the Stoics, the term can be used for the part of philosophy that hortatively expounds the practical conclusions of their teaching (Sen. Ep. 95.1). In biblical studies, it usually does not represent a fixed genre but a function. It characterizes a text as well-intentioned exhortation to proper behavior. It is spoken by an authority – sometimes someone on his deathbed (Deut; 1 Kgs 2:1ff.;…