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The Book as an Object: Material and Symbolic Values of Medieval Manuscripts

(17,818 words)

Author(s): Olszowy-Schlanger, Judith
As the embodiment of the text, the medieval Hebrew book is presented in this essay as a physical artefact. The books' archaeology, its material features, and visual components are discussed and shown to reflect the technical, economic, and aesthetic context of book production, and how they play a role in the modes of reading, learning, and transmission of knowledge. The book as a tangible object also acquired a symbolic status in Jewish ritual, spirituality, and culture and became a marker of Jewish identity. ⸙IntroductionBooks are indeed tangible, tridimensional objects spati…
Date: 2023-01-31

Sfardata

(1,223 words)

Author(s): Olszowy-Schlanger, Judith
Sfardata is the name of a database created by the Israeli branch of the Hebrew Paleography Project (HPP), a project created to inventory and study all medieval Hebrew codices prior to 1540, which contain an explicit mention of their date of copy in a scribal colophon, or at least mention the scribe's name. ⸙Sfardata is the name of a database created by the Israeli branch of the Hebrew Paleography Project (HPP), under the direction of Malachi Beit-Arié. The Hebrew Palaeography Project was established in 1965 as a collaboration between the Institut …
Date: 2023-01-31

Books within Books

(1,418 words)

Author(s): Olszowy-Schlanger, Judith
Books within Books: Hebrew Fragments in European Libraries (BwB) is the name of a multidisciplinary network of scholars, librarians and archivists whose overall aim is the inventory, conservation, research, and public awareness of the medieval Hebrew fragments reused in the bindings of other books and objects. ⸙Books within Books: Hebrew Fragments in European Libraries (BwB) is the name of a multidisciplinary network of scholars, librarians, and archivists whose overall aim is the inventory, conservation, research and public awareness of th…
Date: 2023-01-31

Scribes

(2,712 words)

Author(s): Tov, Emanuel | Olszowy-Schlanger, Judith | Teplitsky, Joshua | Schrijver, Emile
1. Dead Sea ScrollsThe term "scribes of the Dead Sea Scrolls" is as problematic as the term Dead Sea Scrolls itself because of the diversity of the scrolls and their scribes, but there is no better term. Some 2,000 fragmentary scrolls, mainly in Hebrew but also in Aramaic and Greek, on leather and papyrus, were found not only at the shores of the Dead Sea, but also inlands, in the Judean Desert. The most well-known among them are some 950 texts found in caves at Qumran. The texts were writte…
Date: 2023-11-20

France, Book Production in

(10,174 words)

Author(s): Olszowy-Schlanger, Judith | Nahon, Peter | Baumgarten, Jean | Dreyfuss, Mathias
1. Manuscripts1.1. MedievalForthcoming.Judith Olszowy-Schlanger1.2. Post-MedievalIntroductionThe edict of expulsion of the Jews proclaimed in 1394 by King Charles VI, forbade the settlement of Jews in France. The edict remained officially in force until the French Revolution (1789). Nevertheless, as early as the 16th century, Judaism was being practiced within the territory that makes up modern France by three distinct cultural entities (Blumenkranz 1972):1The Spanish and Portuguese Jews of Gascony, descendants of former “New Christians” from the Iberian …
Date: 2023-11-20