[German version] (Greek ἔλλειψις;
élleipsis: ‘omission’, Lat.
ellı̄psis: Quint. Inst. 8,6,21, cf. 9,3,58); in contrast with brachylogy, it refers to the actual omission of a syntactically essential constituent of a sentence, which can, however, be restored verbatim (not merely in its meaning) from context and situation (cf. Donat. 4,395,11:
e. est defectus quidam necessariae dictionis). Some examples from everyday language: Καλλίας ὁ Ἱππονίκου (sc. υἱός), Pl. Ap. 20a;
ad Dianae (sc.
aedem), Ter. Ad. 582. As an element of rhetorical style, ellipses serve to r…