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Pentecostal Assemblies of the World

(978 words)

Author(s): Reed, David
The Pentecostal Assemblies of the World (PAW) is the oldest existing Oneness Pentecostal (OP) organization. It is also one of the first Pentecostal bodies, established as a ministerial association in 1907 in the same year the black Holiness Church of God in Christ (COGIC) reorganized as a Pentecostal body. The PAW was from its beginning an interracial church of the Azusa Street Revival.The first General Secretary was J.J. Frazee (1851–1930), an obscure but effective organizational leader. Following his election in 1912, he moved both PAW headquarters and h…
Date: 2021-07-16

Anglican Renewal Ministries

(1,000 words)

Author(s): Reed, David
Anglican Renewal Ministries Canada is an independently incorporated, non-profit registered organization within the Anglican Church of Canada. Its primary purpose is to promote the movement of spiritual renewal within the Church, primarily the Anglican Church, but also other Christian traditions by invitation. It is rooted in the Charismatic Renewal of the last half of the twentieth century, beginning in the historic mainline Protestant and Catholic churches, and preceded by the earlier Pentecost…
Date: 2021-07-16

Berntsen, Bernt

(848 words)

Author(s): Reed, David
Bernt Berntsen (1863–1933) was a Norwegian American and one of the earliest Pentecostal missionaries in China. He was the first missionary to introduce Oneness Pentecostalism to China, thereby becoming the critical link in the formation of the indigenous True Jesus Church.Berntsen was born and reared in Larvik, Norway. Following his marriage to Magna Berg (1867–1935), together they migrated to the USA in 1893. Spiritually restless and searching for a deeper commitment in his faith, he volunteered as a missionary to China. In 1904—the …
Date: 2021-07-16

Oneness Pentecostalism

(1,832 words)

Author(s): Reed, David | Barba, Lloyd
Oneness Pentecostalism (OP) is the third stream—next to Holiness and Finished Work Pentecostalism—to emerge from the early-twentieth century Pentecostal revival, the consequence of a schism in 1916 within the newly formed Assemblies of God (AG). Initially called the “New Issue,” the “Oneness” label emerged around 1930, and throughout its history OPs have shared the label “Apostolic” with various Trinitarian Pentecostal groups.Theologically, OP rejected the doctrine of the Trinity and insisted upon water baptism in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ. In al…
Date: 2021-07-16

Wei, Paul (Wei, Enbo)

(549 words)

Author(s): Reed, David
Paul Wei (1876–1919) was the leading figure in the founding of  the indigenous Chinese True Jesus Church (TJC). Following his Christian conversion, Wei’s beliefs were shaped in part by Western missionaries, especially Oneness Pentecostals (OP) and Seventh-Day Adventists. OP taught that baptism should be invocated in the name of Jesus Christ, and the Trinity belong to only the economy of salvation. Before his death, however, Wei broke fellowship with missionaries, and claimed the authority of div…
Date: 2021-07-16


(26,590 words)

Author(s): Hahn, Ferdinand | Markschies, Christoph | Angenendt, Arnold | Kaufmann, Thomas | Koch, Ernst | Et al.
[German Version] I. New Testament – II. Church History – III. Dogmatics – IV. Liturgical History – V. Practical Theology – VI. Missiology I. New Testament 1. Background Sacred meals are common to all religions. Before examining them in the context of the NT, it is necessary first to inquire into their background in the OT and in Judaism, whereupon it becomes evident that sacrificial meals play no role in them. Only the dai…

Anglican Church

(3,845 words)

Author(s): Reed, David | Yates, Timothy E.
[German Version] I. History and Ecclesiology – II. Missions of the Anglican Church I. History and Ecclesiology The word Anglican describes not a single church but a family of churches around the world, all of which trace their roots to the Church of England. There are 38 national churches that are considered Anglican with a total membership of around 70 million, but only six have the word in their official name (Australia, Canada, Korea, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and South America). 1. History. The historical development of the Church of England has formed a …


(99 words)

Author(s): Reed, David
[German Version] (etym.: anglia, Lat. England) is the conventional term for the Christian community whose roots lie in the Church of England. This is the third largest body of Christians in the world, numbering over 70 million members. The word also applies to a religious outlook that separates these churches from the rest of the Christian world, by virtue of several characteristics which are the result of history, theological position and traditional practice. Central to this is the prescribed use of the Book of Common Prayer in corporate worship. David Reed Bibliography For bibliogra…