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(1,838 words)

Author(s): Reinsch, Diether Roderich (Berlin RWG)
Reinsch, Diether Roderich (Berlin RWG) [German version] A. Concept (CT) Alphonse Dain [8; 76] lays claim to both the invention of the term codicologie as well as to its introduction into the French language; in 1959, it was entered in the Grand Larousse encyclopédique and very quickly gained international acceptance. In a definition that not all scholars agree upon, codicology refers to the study of the late-antique and medieval book, i.e. the codex. At present, a distinction is made between a narrow and a wider definition of the term. In the narrower sense, codicol…


(11,670 words)

Author(s): Tinnefeld, Franz (Munich) | Reinsch, Diether Roderich (Berlin RWG) | Effenberger, Arne (Berlin)
Tinnefeld, Franz (Munich) I. History (CT) [German version] A. Introduction (CT) The term Byzantium (B.) initially denoted the eastern part of the Roman Empire, from the foundation of Constantinople by the emperor Constantine the Great as a ‘second Rome’ on the extended territory of the town of Byzantion on the Bosporus in AD 330. After the end of empire in the western part of the Roman Empire in the late 5th cent., it designated the Roman Empire as it continued to exist in the East until 1453. The rediscovery of Classical Antiquity in the 18th and 19th cents. had as a result that …