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Caudillismo

(2,207 words)

Author(s): Riekenberg, Michael
1. History of the concept The term caudillismo or caudillo (Span. for “chief, leader”) derives from Lat. caput (“head”) [8. 237 ff.]. C audillo originally meant generally the leader of an irregular army, as in the time of the reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula occupied by the Moors (Refugees of conscience; Conquista); around 1500 the term was applied to the Spanish Conquistadors in Latin America (Conquest). The term came back into widespread use in Latin America only in the 19th century in the context of theLatin…
Date: 2019-10-14

Frontier

(1,635 words)

Author(s): Riekenberg, Michael
1. Definition The denotation of frontier originates from English and North American usage tracing back to the military significance of the frontier town [3. 28]. Corresponding terms include French  frontière and Spanish  frontera.The term is most often used in the study of history and geography. Ethnology gives less weight to the discussion of frontiers, since it focuses more on examination of separate societies case by case. In academic discussion, the frontier is generally treated as an artifact of colonization and/or  migr…
Date: 2019-10-14