I. As Epoch
1. Literature. The term “romantic” (from Old Fr.
romanz, roman; cf. Ger.
romantisch) appeared as early as the 17th century with the meaning “unbridled,” “fantastic,” “wild”; while Romanticism in Europe denotes a period in culture and art. As a movement in literary studies it runs from 1790 to 1825, with offshoots to c. 1850. ¶ Literary Romanticism in Germany is divided into early, high, and late Romanticism. Around 1798, the so-called Jena or early Romantic group (until c. 1806) formed around the journal
Athenäum, represented by Friedrich v. Hardenberg …