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Stoltz

(113 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[English Version] Stoltz, Johann (ca.1514 Wittenberg – 1556 Weimar). Der Gestalter der Jenaer Lutherausgabe durchlief in Wittenberg ab 1532 die übliche Universitätslaufbahn (1539 M.A.) – mit kurzer Unterbrechung als ordinierter Diaconus in Jessen 1539 und Prinzenerzieher in Freiberg und Dresden 1539/40 – bis zur Professur am Pädagogium 1544 und dem Theologiestudium. 1547 wurde er Hofprediger in Weimar und schloß sich den Gnesiolutheranern an. Die von der Wittenberger Lutherausg. abweichende Konzeption der Jenaer stammt von ihm. Heinz Scheible Bibliography J. Haussleiter…

Nausea

(285 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[English Version] (Grau), Friedrich (1496 Waischenfeld – 6.2.1552 Trient). Nach Ausbildung und Schuldienst in Bamberg, Zwickau, Nürnberg, Leipzig (1514) ging N. 1518 nach Italien (1523 Dr. iur. utr. in Padua). 1524 begleitete er als Sekretär den Legaten L. Campeggio nach Stuttgart (Besuch bei Melanchthon in Bretten), zum Nürnberger Reichstag, zum Regensburger Konvent, nach Wien und nach Ungarn und wurde Päpstl. Pfalzgraf (Notar). Er richtete 1524 einen Offenen Brief an Erasmus von Rotterdam. 1525 w…

Rörer, Georg

(224 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (Oct 1, 1492, Deggendorf – Apr 24, 1557, Jena), Luther’s closest colleague, began his studies at Leipzig in 1511, receiving his M.A. on Dec 22, 1520. At the end of 1522 he moved to Wittenberg, where he matriculated on Apr 11, 1523. He tirelessly transcribed Luther’s sermons and lectures. After being ordained to the diaconate by Luther, in 1525 he was appointed second deacon of the municipal church, with responsibility for the rural parishes until 1533. In 1537 he was relieved of t…

Beyer, Hartmann

(143 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (Sep 9, 1516, Frankfurt/M. – Aug 11, 1577, Frankfurt). Following twelve formative years in Wittenberg, Beyer was appointed preacher in 1546 in his native town, which was Upper German in orientation (ordained by J. Bugenhagen). Against the advice of Luther, he immediately attempted to introduce the Saxon order of liturgy. When the council accepted the Augsburg Interim in 1548, Beyer published two polemical pamphlets under the pseudonyms Cephalus and Epitimius. In 1552, he secured the expulsion of Theobald Thamer by the council. In 1561, he obtained the closure of the We…

Aquila (Adler), Caspar

(226 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (Aug 7, 1488, Augsburg – Nov 12, 1560, Saalfeld) traveled as far as Italy on extended educational journeys. In 1510 he studied at Leipzig, in 1513 at Wittenberg; in 1514 he was ordained priest and took a pulpit in Bern. In 1515 he became a military chaplain under F. v. Sickingen. In 1516 he became pastor of Jengen and married; his son Malachia…

Forster, Johann

(205 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (Jul 10, 1496, Augsburg – Dec 8, 1556 [not 1558], Wittenberg). Forster's work was essentially dedicated to the study of Hebrew. In Ingolstadt, where he was a student from 1515 (M.A., 1520), he attended the lectures of J. Reuchlin in 1520–21. He then studied Greek in Leipzig and in 1522 became a Hebrew teacher in Zwickau. In 1530 he went to Wittenberg, where he developed a close relationship with Luther. In 1535–38 he was a preacher in Augsburg, and in 1539–41 a professor in Tübing…

Briesmann, Johannes

(146 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (Dec 31, 1488, Cottbus– Oct 1, 1549, Königsberg, Prussia), OFM. He studied at Wittenberg in 1507, at Frankfurt/Oder in 1510, and Wittenberg again in 1513. He was consecrated to the priesthood in 1510, and won over to Luther in 1519 at the Leipzig Disputation. He received the Dr. theol. from Wittenberg in 1522, became cathedral preacher in Köni…

Eitzen, Paul von

(163 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (Jan 25, 1521, Hamburg – Feb 25, 1598, Schleswig) began studies in Wittenberg in 1539 (1543 M.A., 1556 Dr.theol.) and became school rector in Cölln/Spree (Berlin) in 1544. In 1547, he became professor of logic in Rostock. In 1548, he became preacher and lector at the cathedral in Hamburg, in 1555 also superintendent. In 1562, he became the general superintendent …

Brück, Gregor

(183 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (Heins; after Oct 12, 1485, Brück, Potsdam-Mittelmark – Feb 15, or more likely 20, 1557, Jena) studied in Wittenberg (1502), in Frankfurt/Oder (1506), and law in Wittenberg (1508). He was then a lawyer, alderman (1519) and court adviser. He obtained his Dr.iur. from Wittenberg in 1521. From 1521 to 1528, he was the chancellor of John the Const…

Dévai Biró, Mátyás

(173 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (c. 1500, Deva – 1545, Debrecen). After study in Krakow in 1523–1524, Dévai became a Franciscan in 1526. He went to Wittenberg in 1529. In 1531, he preached Reformation principles in Hungary, but was immediately imprisoned in Vienna and Buda until 1535. Thereafter, he continued to preach from village to village. In 1536/37 and 1542/43, he stayed in Germany, mainly in …

Timan, Johannes

(160 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (before 1500, Amsterdam – Feb 17, 1557, Nienburg an der Weser), OESA. A prior in Antwerp, Timan fled to Wittenberg in 1522; in 1524 through the good offices of Henry of Zutphen he came to Bremen, where he became pastor of Sankt Martini and along with Jakob Propst (died 1562) introduced the Reformation; his initial sermons in the ¶ cathedral met resistance. In 1534 he introduced a church order modeled on J. Bugenhagen’s order for Brunswick. In 1529 he was called to Emden, where he composed a church order for Eastern Friesland. In 1538 he c…

Aurifaber, (Goldschmidt) Vinariensis, Johannes

(146 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (1519, Weimar – Nov 18, 1575, Erfurt) entered the University of Wittenberg in 1537. In 1544/1545 he served as a military chaplain in France. In 1545/46 he became Luther's assistant. In 1546/47 he became military chaplain to John Frederick the Magnanimous. In 1547 he became a preacher at the Weimar court, becoming the second court preacher …

Hessus, Helius Eobanus

(265 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (Jan 6, 1488, Halgehausen near Korbach – Oct 4, 1540, Marburg). Beginning study in Erfurt in 1504 and soon becoming a member of the circle surrounding K.Muth, Hessus began to publish Latin poems in 1506 with great success. He was secretary to the bishop in Riesenburg 1509–1513. From there, he became acquainted with Cracow in 1512. Via ¶ Frankfurt an der Oder and Leipzig, he returned to Erfurt in 1514. Having married in 1515 and now the celebrated center of a circle of humanists, he became professor of Latin composition in 1517. In 1518, …

Aepinus, Johannes

(213 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (Hoeck; 1499, Ziesar – May 13, 1553, Hamburg). In 1517 Aepinus was premonstratensian in Belbuck (near Treptow on the Rega). He studied in Wittenberg from 1518 to 1520, after which he taught in Ziesar, was imprisoned and fled, taught in Greifswald, and in 1524 in Stralsund, where he composed a church order on the commission of the Council in 15…

Amerbach, Veit

(147 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (Trolmann) (1503, Wemding – Sep 13, 1557, Ingolstadt). Amerbach studied at Ingolstadt in 1517, Freiburg in 1521, and Wittenberg in 1522. In 1526, he began teaching in Eisleben under J. Agricola. In 1529, he received his Master's degree and married. In 1530, he began teaching rhetoric and physics at Wittenberg, and in 1541 became a member of the consistory. After several years of criticizing Melanchthon and Luther philosophically and theologically, he became professor of rhetoric at Ingolstadt in 1543. In 1542, he published De anima, an attack on Melanchthon's …

Lang, Johann

(213 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (1486/1488, Erfurt – Apr 2, 1548, Erfurt). From 1500, Lang studied in his home town ¶ (B.A. 1503), where he joined the Augustinian Hermits in 1505/1506 and was ordained priest in 1508. With like-minded Luther, he was transferred to Wittenberg in 1551 (M.A. 1512, Bacc. biblicus 1515). From 1512 to 1516, he was professor of ethics. Having been recalled to Erfurt in 1516, Lang became prior and continued his studies of theology (Bacc. sententiarus 1516, Lic. theol. 1517, Dr. theol. 1519). He belonged…

Billicanus Gerlacher, Theobald

(187 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (1490/1495, Billigheim – Aug 8/9, 1554, Marburg). In 1510 Billicanus began his studies at Heidelberg (forming a friendship with Melanchthon), and became a priest in Weil in 1518. He was expelled from the town because of his criticism of the church and served as a Luther-influenced preacher from 1522 to 1535 in Nördlingen, where in 1525 he authored a Kirchenordnung (document on church order), by which time he was married. At the Augsburg Parliament, he made approaches to the Roman par…

Crato von Crafftheim

(201 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (Johannes Kraft; Nov 20, 1519, Breslau – Oct 19, 1585, Breslau) came to Wittenberg to study in 1535 and lived with Luther for six years, though he did not participate in the transmission of the table-talks. From 1543 he studied medicine in Leipzig, and in 1546 in Padua and Bologna (1549 Dr.med.). In 1550 he became city physician in Breslau and served in the fight against the plague. As a supporter of Melanchthon in his doctrine of the Eucharist (…

Gratius, Ortwin

(196 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (c. 1480, Holtwick near Coesfeld – May 22, 1542, Cologne) began his studies in Cologne in 1501, received the M.A. in 1506, and became professor of rhetoric and poetry in 1507. He also worked as a printer's corrector and became a priest in 1514. The authors of the Epistolae obscurorum virorum picked on this supporter of Johannes (until his conversion in 1504: Josef) Pfefferkorn as the object of their scorn, against which he defended himself in vain. His suggestions for church reform, published in 1535, were placed on the Index in 1554. Heinz Scheible Bibliography VD16, 1, 8,…

Hardenberg, Albert Rizaeus

(246 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (c. 1510, Hardenberg, The Netherlands – May 18, 1574, Emden). Brought up among the Brothers and Sisters of the Common Life in Groningen (1517–1527), Hardenberg became a monk in the Cistercian monastery of Aduard near Groningen (1528) and studied in Leuven from 1530 until receiving the Bacc.theol. Instead of a journey to Italy interrupted because of illness (1538), he earned the Dr.theol. in Mainz (1539). Arrested and charged as a Protestant in Leuven, he entered the Aduard monaste…
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