[German version] (Egyptian
wšb.ty, 'answerer', secondarily from
šb.ty, of uncertain meaning). Term for a small magical figure in the Egyptian cult of the dead (Dead, cult of the).
Ushebtis are made of wood, stone or faience, usually representing the dead person in the form of a mummy, sometimes laid out in a coffin. Based on the associated magic spell, which was often written on the figure (spell 472 of the Coffin Texts, spell 6 of the Book of the Dead, cf. ), they were supposed to answer on behalf of the dead person if he was called to do work in the Afterlife, and do it in his place. The earliest