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Selbstliebe (Gottes)

(504 words)

Author(s): Stock, Konrad
[English Version] . Die Rede von Gottes S. ist kein notwendiges, sondern ein kontingentes Implikat der Trinitätslehre, die die heilsgesch. Relation zw. dem Vater und dem Sohn – die Lebenshingabe des Sohnes als »Bleiben« in der Liebe des Vaters (Joh 15,9ff.) – als Erkenntnisgrund des immanenten Seins Gottes als Liebe (1Joh 4,16) zu verstehen sucht. …


(169 words)

Author(s): Stock, Konrad
[English Version] . Tugend bez…


(661 words)

Author(s): Stock, Konrad
[English Version] . Während nach der ethischen Theorie des Aristoteles das freundschaftliche Wohlwollen eine bes. Erscheinung der S. (philautia) als eines ontologischen Prinzips ist, demzufolge Seiendes sich in seinem Sein bejaht (e.N. 9, 1168a, 5–6), hat die synopt. Tradition im Anschluß an Lev 19,18 (hierzu Mathys) mit der S. das Gebot der Nächstenliebe erläutert, das zus. mit dem der Gottesliebe (Liebe Gottes und Liebe zu Gott) den Inbegriff des verpflichtenden Willens Gottes des Schöpfers bez.…


(633 words)

Author(s): Stock, Konrad
[English Version] . In dem semantischen Feld der verschiedenen Modi, Übel oder Schlechtes zu erleiden, bez. Sch. zunächst das Empfinden des verletzten, kranken oder gestörten Körpers (Leiden, Krankheit und Heilung), aber auch – insbes. in poetischer Sprache – das Erlebe…


(1,729 words)

Author(s): Stock, Konrad
[English Version] . Die syst. Beschreibungen der T. (griech. α᾿ρετη´/aretē´; lat. virtus) wurde im Anschluß an Sokrates von Plato und Aristoteles begründet (Krämer) und von den Schulen der Stoa fortgebildet. Sie beruht auf der Überzeugung, daß das gute Leben in der Ausrichtung auf das Glück im Erreichen eines höchsten Gutes bestehe. Deshalb schließ…


(714 words)

Author(s): Stock, Konrad
[English Version] . Der dt. Ausdruck S. (griech. hormē´; órexis; lat. inclinatio; appetitus; conatus) ist ein fundamentalethischer Grundbegriff (s. bes. Trappe), de…


(1,940 words)

Author(s): Stock, Konrad
[German Version] I. The Concept As the antonym of virtue (Gk ἀρετή/ aretḗ, Lat. virtus), vice (Gk κακία/ kakía, Lat. nequitia, vitium) is a categorical concept for morally problematic or reprehensible behaviors (Habit), thus fo…


(810 words)

Author(s): Stock, Konrad
[German Version] …


(990 words)

Author(s): Stock, Konrad
[German Version] As a basic notion of fundamental ethics, “conviction(s)” (Ger. Gesinnung) is one of the key concepts of a specific theory of morality (Morality and immorality). It denotes the enduring and persevering quality of an emotional or volitional urge to attain an envisaged good (cf. Rom 8:5; Phil 2:5; 3:19) – in other words, the intentionality (Intention/Intentionality) that inspires a person or community of persons. The more precise definition of its content as we…

Virtue Ethics

(180 words)

Author(s): Stock, Konrad
[German Version] The word virtue denotes the epitome of moral powers that enable persons to shape their common living present through their own actions in the face of adversity, sickness, injustice, and guilt. Its opposite is vice. An adequate presentation of the phenomenon of virtue (Virtues) results from an overall ethical theory conceived neither as an ethics of duty (I. Kant) nor as virtue ethics in the strict sense but as an ethics of goods that integrates the perspectives of both duty and virt…


(743 words)

Author(s): Stock, Konrad
[German Version] Within the semantic field of the different modes of experiencing harm or ill-being, pain refers first of all to the sensation felt by the injured, sick, or unsound body (Suffering, Sickness and healing), but then also, and especially in poetic language, to the experiencing of separation, mourning and grief, and compassion ( Welt-Schmerz [v. Hartmann]). I. The history of pain research since J. Müller ( Handbuch der Physiologie des Menschen, vol. II, 1840; cf. N. Grahek, “Schmerz III. Naturwissenschaft und Medizin,” HWP


(719 words)

Author(s): Stock, Konrad
[German Version] In Aristotle’s ethical theory, friendly benevolence is a particular manifestation of self-love ( philautia) as an ontological principle, so that what exists affirms itself in its existence ( Eth. Nic. 9, 1168a, 4–6). The Synoptic tradition, following Lev 19:18 (cf. Mathys), glossed self-love with the commandment of love of one’s neighbor, which together with love of God (Love of/for God) epitomizes the binding will of God the Creator (Matt 22:34–40 parr.). Following Augustine of Hippo, theological exeg…


(1,820 words)

Author(s): Stock, Konrad
[German Version] Systematic treatment of virtue (Gk ἀρετή/ aretḗ; Lat. virtus) goes back to Plato and Aristotle, who built on Socrates (Krämer); it was further advanced by the Sto…

Desire/Lack of Desire

(998 words)

Author(s): Stock, Konrad
[German Version] The dichotomy of “desire” versus “lack of desire” refers to the central moment in the experience of the present (Religious experience), namely the essentially affective (Affect) determination of true volition as realized in decisions. The specific …

Self-love of God

(594 words)

Author(s): Stock, Konrad
[German Version] The notion of God’s self-love is a contingent implication (not a necessary implication) of the doctrine of the Trinity (Trinity/Doctrine of the Trinity); it seeks to understand the relationship between the Father and the Son in salvation history – the Son’s surrender of his life as “abiding” i…

Habit (Custom)

(855 words)

Author(s): Slenczka, Notger | Stock, Konrad
[German Version] I. Dogmatics – II. Ethics I. Dogmatics Aristotle used the term ἕξις/ héxis (Lat. habitus) to describe the basic condition for people (and not merely their actions) to be…


(2,742 words)

Author(s): Horyna, Břetislav | Steinmann, Michael | Stock, Konrad
[English Version] I.


(926 words)

Author(s): McIntosh, Daniel N. | Stock, Konrad
[German Version] I. Psychology – II. Science of Religions and Philosophy of Religion – III. Ethics…
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