Your search for 'dc_creator:( "Tamcke, Martin" ) OR dc_contributor:( "Tamcke, Martin" )' returned 31 results. Modify search

Sort Results by Relevance | Newest titles first | Oldest titles first


(162 words)

Author(s): Tamcke, Martin
[English Version] von Marga (um 815 Neḥšon [Adiabene]). Der seit 832 im Kloster von Beth Awe als Mönch lebende ostsyr. Schriftsteller (Syrien: VI.,2., a) war Sekretär des Katholikos Abraham II. (837–850) gewesen, der ihn dann zum Bf. von Marga weihte. Sein »Buch der Klostervorsteher« stellt die Gesch. des Klosters von Beth Awe (syrische Klöster) anhand der dieses leitenden Klostervorstehers dar und integriert wichtige Hinweise zur Gesch. der Apostolischen Kirche des Ostens. Den fünf Büchern der Kl…

Russische Missionen

(477 words)

Author(s): Tamcke, Martin
[English Version] . Seit der Christianisierung Rußlands 988 bewegte sich die russ. Kirche zunächst missionarisch in den Bahnen, die die byz. ihr vererbt hatte (Mission: II., 4.). Im 17.Jh. aber wurde die Verpflichtung zur Missionierung der nichtchristl. Völkerschaften im Russ. Reich erkannt. Gleichzeitig griffen zunächst noch unorganisierte Akte über die Reichsgrenzen hinaus. Der Priester der kosakischen Leibtruppe des chinesischen Kaisers wurde zur Keimzelle der Mission in China. Ein Ukas ordnete…


(153 words)

Author(s): Tamcke, Martin
[English Version] . Die Sekte der Armenier steht in engem Zusammenhang mit der der Paulikianer. Ihren Namen erhielt sie nach dem Ort, an den der zu ihr gehörige Smbat vor den Verfolgungen durch Kaiser Basileios I. im 9.Jh. ausgewichen war. Smbat wird unterstellt, er habe sich als Christus ausgegeben. Feindselig gegen Kirche und Sakramente eingestellt, strebten die Th. ein Urchristentum an, für das die Botschaft, daß Gott Liebe sei, zentral war. Riten erschienen ihnen wertlos. Schwere Verfolgungen …


(2,235 words)

Author(s): Tamcke, Martin
[German Version] I. Outline of Political History The modern Republic of “Turkey” is a successor state of the Ottoman Empire (Ottomans), which ceased to exist in 1923. According to official figures, 99.8% of the population are currently Muslims (80% Sunnis, 20% Alevis). The process of Turkification began in the late 19th century. However, Western observers and authors had already been in the habit of referring to the multi-ethnic empire as “Turkey” long before this date. The founding of the empire in northwestern Anatolia under Osman I (died 1326) had been preceded by an immigra-¶ tion mo…

Stephen bar Sudaili

(141 words)

Author(s): Tamcke, Martin
[German Version] The only reliable dating for Stephen is found in the letter about him written by Philoxenus of Mabbug (between 512 and 518), attacking him and especially his idea of universal salvation and oneness. In light of a similar statement by the Syrian Orthodox patriarch Cyricaus (793–817), Stephen was also identified as the author of the Book of Saint Hierotheos. Cyriacus was followed by later commentators on this book, Theodosius of Antioch (887–896) and Bar Hebraeus (13th cent.). Recent studies have also showed the similarity in content between Stephen and the Book of Hiero…

Russian Missions

(532 words)

Author(s): Tamcke, Martin
[German Version] After the Christianization of Russia in 988, the missionary activity of the Russian church moved initially on the track it had inherited from the Byzantines (Mission: II, 4). In the 17th century, however, it recognized its obligation to evangelize the non-Christian peoples in the Russian Empire. At the same time, some missionary activity, at first unorganized, was extending beyond the Empire’s borders. A priest in the Cossack bodyguard of the Chinese emperor became the nucleus of …


(182 words)

Author(s): Tamcke, Martin
[German Version] (of Nisibis; c. 399, Ain Dulbe – c. 502, Nisibis). Narsai was the outstanding theologian of the Antiochene tradition in the foundational phase of the school of Nisibis. His first creative period occurred largely at the school of Edessa, of which he was head from 437. Since he embodied the pro-Antiochene party in the city, he was expelled to Persia in 457 by Nonnus of Edessa, with the deposed Ibas of Edessa. Apologetic writings in support of Theodore of Mopsuestia, Diodore of Tarsu…

Oriental Orthodox National Churches

(253 words)

Author(s): Tamcke, Martin
[German Version] The oriental Orthodox churches include the Coptic Orthodox Church (its pope resides in Cairo [Copts: I]), the Syrian Orthodox Church (with its own catholicosate in India; seat of the patriarch in Damascus [Syria; Malenkara Church]), the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (seat in Addis Ababa [Ethiopian Orthodox Church]), the Armenian Apostolic Church (seat of the catholicos in Etchmiadzin; for the Western Armenians in Antelias [Armenia: II]), the Indian Malenkara ¶ Church (seat of the catholicos in Kottayam), and the Malabar Independent Syrian Chur…

Mārī ibn Sulaimān

(135 words)

Author(s): Tamcke, Martin
[German Version] (mid-12th cent. ce), historian of the “Nestorian” Church of the East (Nestorianism) and author of the Book of the Tower, a comprehensive summa theologica in seven chapters with a historical section on the patriarchs of his church, which contains important material for the history of the relationships between the caliphs in Baghdad and the leadership of the East Syrian Church (Syria: V, 2). The chronicle extends to the time of the Catholicos/Patriarch Ebedjesus III (died Nov 25, 1148). Possibly the author was responsible only for updating the patriarchal chronicle. Mar…

Sergius of Reshaina

(202 words)

Author(s): Tamcke, Martin
[German Version] (died 536 Constantinople). After studying in Alexandria (esp. medicine and philosophy), Sergius worked as a leading physician and priest in Reshaina, where his contacts across theological boundaries brought him into conflict with Askolius, the local bishop. During a stay in Antioch, he gained the support of the patriarch of the imperial church and turned to Chalcedonian Christology (II, 1.b.c). At the behest of the patriarch, shortly before his death he worked with Pope Agapetus t…

Philoxenus of Mabbug

(445 words)

Author(s): Tamcke, Martin
[German Version] (Gk Philoxenos of Hiera­polis, Syr. Akzenaya of Mabbug; mid-5th cent., Tahal –Dec 10, 523, Gangra). As a monk Philoxenus had assumed the name Joseph and studied at the so-called Persian School in Edessa, where he opposed the dominant Diplophysite Christology and espoused a Miaphysite Christology (Monophysites). Among the Syrian monks, both Western and Eastern, he argued for adding crucified for us in the Trisagion; he championed the cause of Peter Fullo, urging the emperor Zeno to depose the Antiochene patriarch Calandio, and was thereupon…


(149 words)

Author(s): Tamcke, Martin
[German Version] The Thondracians were an Armenian sect closely related to the Paulicians. Their name derives from the place to which Smbat Xostovanogh, a member of the sect, retreated from the persecutions of Emperor Basil I in the 9th century. Smbat is said to have ¶ claimed to be Christ. Hostile to the church and sacraments, the Thondracians aspired to a primitive Christianity for which the message that God is love was central. They found rituals worthless. Severe persecutions in the 10th and 11th centuries failed to wipe out the sect bu…


(79 words)

Author(s): Tamcke, Martin
[German Version] title in the Armenian Apostolic Church (Armenia: II) for highly educated hieromonks, formerly of high renown. A special ordination is required. A vardapet’s staff marking him as a teacher is a sign of his dignity and office. Besides teaching, his primary duty is preaching. In recent years, a special qualifying program is being required once more for ordination as a vardapet. Martin Tamcke Bibliography R. Thomson, “Vardapet in the Early Armenian Church,” Muséon 75, 1962, 367–384.


(327 words)

Author(s): Tamcke, Martin
[German Version] The city of Nisibis, said to have been founded by Nimrod, was ceded to the Persians (Iran) by the Romans in 363ce. It was already a center of Christianity and the initial site of Ephraem the Syrian’s activity; when the city went to the Persians, Ephraem moved to Edessa, where the so-called Persian school flourished under his leadership. His students continued his theological and exegetical tradition until the time of Cyrus (or Qioras/Qiiōrē, 373–347), who translated Diodore of Tarsus and Theodore of…

Thomas of Marga

(171 words)

Author(s): Tamcke, Martin
[German Version] (c. 815, Neḥšon [Adiabene]), was an East Syrian writer (Syria: VI, 2.a) who lived as a monk at the monastery of Beth Abhe from 832. He had been secretary to the catholicos Abraham II (837–850), who then consecrated him as bishop of Marga. His Book of Governors recounts the history of the monastery of Beth Abhe (Syrian monasteries) based on the lives of its abbots, integrating important references to the history of the Apostolic Church of the East. The five books of the history of Beth Abhe are followed by one book recounting …

Stephan bar Sudaili

(143 words)

Author(s): Tamcke, Martin
[English Version] . Die einzige sichere Datierung zu S. bietet der Brief über ihn, den Philoxenus von Mabbug geschrieben hat (zw. 512–518) und der sich polemisch bes. mit der von S. vertretenen Idee der All-Erlösung und All-Einheit auseinandersetzt. Seit einer entsprechenden Äußerung des syr.-orth. Patriarchen Cyriacus (793–817) wurde S. als Vf. des »Buches des hl. Hierotheos« benannt. Ihm folgten die späteren Kommentatoren dieses Buches, Theodosius von Antiochien (887–896) und Bar Hebräus (13.Jh.…


(80 words)

Author(s): Tamcke, Martin
[English Version] Vardapet, Titel in der armenischen Apostolischen Kirche (Armenien: II.) für bes. wiss. geschulte Priestermönche von einst hohem Ansehen. Eine bes. Weihe ist Voraussetzung. Der ihn als Lehrer auszeichnende Stab ist Zeichen seiner Würde und seines Amtes. Er widmet sich neben der Lehre v.a. der Predigt. In jüngster Zeit ist wieder eine bes. Qualifikationsarbeit Voraussetzung für die Weihe zum V. Martin Tamcke Bibliography R. Thomson, V. in the Early Armenian Church (Muséon 75, 1962, 367–384).


(302 words)

Author(s): Tamcke, Martin
[English Version] . Die als Gründung Nimrods geltende Stadt wurde 363 n.Chr. von den Römern an die Perser (Iran) abgetreten. Bereits zuvor war sie ein Zentrum des Christentums gewesen und erste Wirkungsstätte Ephraem Syrus', der wegen der Abtretung der Stadt an die Perser nach Edessa wechselte und dort die sog. Perserschule zu ihrer ersten Blüte führte. Seine Schüler führten seine dogmatische und exegetische Linie fort bis in die Zeit des Kyros (oder Qioras/Qiiōrē [373–437]), der Diodor von Tars…


(209 words)

Author(s): Tamcke, Martin
[English Version] von Reshaïna (gest.536 Konstantinopel). Nach dem Studium in Alexandrien (bes. Medizin und Philos.) wirkte S. als leitender Arzt und Priester in Reshaïna, wo er seiner die dogmatischen Grenzen übersteigenden Kontakte wegen auf den Widerspruch des dortigen Bf. Askolios stieß. Beim reichskirchl. Patriarchen von Antiochien fand er bei seinem Aufenthalt dort Unterstützung und wandte sich der chalcedonensischen Christologie zu (Christologie: II.,1., b und c). Im Auftrag dieses Patriarch…


(185 words)

Author(s): Tamcke, Martin
[English Version] von Nisibis (um 399 Ain Dulbe – um 502 Nisibis). N. war der herausragende Theologe der antiochenischen Tradition in der Gründungsphase der Schule von Nisibis. Seine erste Schaffensphase vollzog sich weithin an der Schule von Edessa, der er seit 437 als Schuloberhaupt vorstand. Da er mit dem abgesetzten Ibas von Edessa die proantiochenische Partei in der Stadt verkörperte, wurde er durch Nonnus von Edessa 457 nach Persien vertrieben. Apologetische Schriften zugunsten des Theodor vo…
▲   Back to top   ▲