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Poemander

(105 words)

Author(s): Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)
[German version] (Ποίμανδρος/ Poímandros). Son of Chaeresileus and Stratonice (Paus. 9,20,1), P. was said to have founded the Boeotian city of Poemandria (Plut. Quaest. Graec. 37), also referred to as Tanagra (Steph. Byz. s.v. Ποιμανδρία; Schol. Lycophr. 326). Polycrithus, architect of the new foundation, mocked the city walls by jumping over them. P., annoyed, threw a stone at him, missed and instead struck his own son Leucippus a mortal blow. Achilles [1], however, saw to it that P. was purified …

Porthaon

(85 words)

Author(s): Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)
[German version] (Πορθάων/ Portháōn, 'the destroyer', also Πορθεύς/ Portheús: Hom. Il. 14,115 and Latin Parthaon: Ov. Met. 8,542; 9,12; Hyg. Fab. 175; Stat. Theb. 1,670; 2,726). Son of Agenor [3] and  Epicaste (Apollod. 1,59), husband of Euryte, king in Pleuron and Calydon. Father of Oeneus, Agrius and Melas (only these in Hom. l.c., hence great-grandfather of  Diomedes [1]). Also father of Alcathous, Leucopeus, Sterope (Apollod. 1,63) and Laocoon [2] (Hyg. Fab. 14,17; Apoll. Rhod. 1,191). Significant only as the father of Oeneus. Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)

Polyphonte

(86 words)

Author(s): Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)
[German version] (Πολυφόντη/ Polyphóntē). Daughter of Hipponous and Thrassa, the daughter of Ares. P. spurns Aphrodite, sets off into the mountains and there becomes a companion of  Artemis. Aphrodite therefore punishes P. with love for a bear, and she gives birth to the man-eating twins Agrius and Oreus. Zeus intends to have their limbs cut off, but Ares causes them and their mother to be turned into birds. P. becomes the owl that announces war and discord to people (Antoninus Liberalis 21). Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)

Polemos

(95 words)

Author(s): Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)
[German version] (Πόλεμος/ Pólemos; Lat. Bellum). Personification of war (Ov. Met. 1,142 f.); he was considered the lord of kydoimós ('din of battle', Aristoph. Pax 204-300, esp. 236 and 255) and of the alalá ('war-cry', Pind. fr. 78). At Rome, War was locked behind double doors (Enn. Ann. 266 f.) with iron bolts (Verg. Aen. 1,293) and guarded by Janus (Ianus). Following a decision to wage war, the Roman consul personally opened the doors of the Temple of Janus at Rome, thereby issuing a call to arms (Verg. Aen. 7,607 f.). Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)

Porrima

(91 words)

Author(s): Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)
[German version] (also Antevorta: Macrob. Sat. 1,7,20; or Prorsa: Gell. NA 16,16,4). P. is the superlative of the Latin word porro, 'forward, far', analogous to the derivation of Hekátē (Hecate) from Greek hekás. As a companion (Ov. Fast. 1,633 ff.; Macrob. l.c.) or sister (Ov. l.c.) of Carmentis or identical with her (Gell. l.c.), P. knows the past, her sister Postverta knows the future. P. is also considered a goddess of birth who looks after feet-first births, whereas Postverta takes care of head-first births (Gell. l.c.). Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)

Phylonoe

(55 words)

Author(s): Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)
(Φυλονόη/ Phylonóē, also Φιλονόη/ Philonóē). [German version] [1] Wife of Bellerophon Wife of Bellerophon, after her father Iobates regarded him as innocent (Apollod. 2,33). Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel) [German version] [2] Daughter of Tyndareos and Leda Daughter of Tyndareos and Leda, made immortal by Artemis (Apollod. 3,126); worshipped in Laconia (Athenagoras, Presbeia 1). …

Polybotes

(80 words)

Author(s): Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)
[German version] (Πολυβώτης/ Polybṓtēs). One of the Giants. In the Battle of the Giants, Poseidon chases P. over the sea to the island of Cos. There Poseidon tears off a piece of the island and throws it at P. The thrown rock forms into the island of Nisyrus (Apollod. 1,38); P. is buried under either Cos or Nisyrus (Str. 10,5,16). In Athens there was an equestrian statue of Poseidon hurling a spear at P. (Paus. 1,2,4). Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)

Podarge

(109 words)

Author(s): Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)
[German version] (Ποδάργη/ Podárgē, 'the swift of foot'). One of the  Harpies; mother of Achilles' horses Balius and Xanthus (Hom. Il. 19,400). Zephyrus impregnates P. while she is grazing by the river Oceanus (Hom. Il. 16,150f.; Eust. ad Hom. Il. 16,150f., p. 1050,58ff.). P. is also the mother of Phlogeus and Harpagus (Stesich. PMGF fr. 178), the horses of the Dioscuri. A horse of Erechtheus that was also called P. has Boreas and a Harpy as parents (Nonn. Dion. 37,157); here the maternal name transfers to the daughter. According to one version Areion too…

Perimede

(108 words)

Author(s): Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)
(Περιμήδη/ Perimḗdē). [German version] [1] Sister of Amphitryon Sister of Amphitryon, wife of Licymnius [1]. Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel) [German version] [2] Queen of Tegea in Arcadia Queen of Tegea in Arcadia (Hdn. Perì monḗrous léxeōs 8), also known as Marpessa or Choira (Paus. 8,47,2). P. successfully led a women's army against the Spartans under Charillus ( ibid. 8,48,4ff.), whom they captured along with his army (ibid. 8,5,9). The women make sacrifies to Ares for the victory they attained without male p…

Pyreneus

(50 words)

Porphyrion

(90 words)

Author(s): Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)
[German version] (Πορφυρίων/ Porphyríōn). King of the Attic deme of Athmonon (Paus. 1,14,7), later identified with the king of the  Giants (Pind. Pyth. 8,12 ff.). Son of Athamas and Gaea or of Erebus and Nyx (Hyg…

Pherusa

(64 words)

Author(s): Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)
(Φέρουσα). [English version] [1] Tochter des Nereus und der Doris [I 1] Tochter des Nereus und der Doris [I 1] (Hom. Il. 18,43 = Hes. theog. 248; Apollod. 1,11; Hyg. fab. praef. 8); sprechender Name: die, die Seereisende ans Ziel bringt (schol. Hes. theog. 248). Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel) [English version] [2] eine der Horai Eine der Horai (Hyg. fab. 183,4). Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)

Phylonoe

(58 words)

Author(s): Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)
(Φυλονόη, auch Φιλονόη). [English version] [1] Frau des Bellerophon Frau des Bellerophon, nachdem ihr Vater Iobates diesen als unschuldig angesehen hat (Apollod. 2,33). Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel) …

Polyphonte

(84 words)

Author(s): Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)
[English version] (Πολυφόντη). Tochter des Hipponoos und der Ares-Tochter Thrassa. P. verachtet Aphrodite, begibt sich in die Berge und wird dort eine Gefährtin der Artemis. Deshalb straft Aphrodite P. mit der Liebe zu einem Bären, der mit ihr die menschenfressenden Zwillinge Agrios und Oreios zeugt. Zeus will diesen die Gliedmaßen abschlagen lassen, Ares aber veranlaßt, daß sie gemeinsam mit ihrer Mutter in Vögel verwandelt werden. P. wird zur Eule, die den Menschen Krieg und Zwietracht verkündet (Antoninus Liberalis 21). Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)

Podarge

(90 words)

Author(s): Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)
[English version] (Ποδάργη, “die Fußschnelle”). Eine der Harpyien; Mutter der Achilleus-Pferde Balios und Xanthos (Hom. Il. 19,400). Zephyros schwängert P., während sie am Okeanos-Fluß weidet (Hom. Il. 16,150f.; Eust. ad Hom. Il. 16,150f., p. 1050,58ff.). P. ist ferner die Mut…

Perimede

(103 words)

Author(s): Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)
(Περιμήδη). [English version] [1] Schwester des Amphitryon Schwester des Amphitryon, Gattin des Likymnios [1]. Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel) [English version] [2] Königin von Tegea in Arkadia Königin von Tegea in Arkadia (Herodian. perí monḗrus léxeōs 8), sonst Marpessa oder Choira genannt (Paus. 8,47,2). P. führt ein Frauenheer siegreich gegen die Spartaner unter Charillos (ebd. 8,48,4ff.), den sie samt Heer gefangennehmen (ebd. 8,5,9…

Poias

(75 words)

Porthaon

(86 words)

Author(s): Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)
[English version] (Πορθάων, “der Zerstörer”, auch Πορθεύς/ Portheús: Hom. Il. 14,115 und lat. Parthaon: Ov. met. 8,542; 9,12; Hyg. fab. 175; Stat. Theb. 1,670; 2,726). Sohn des Agenor [3] und der Epikaste (Apollod. 1,59), Gatte der Euryte, König in Pleuron und Kalydon. Vater von Oineus, Agrios und Melas (nur diese bei Hom. l.c., somit Urgroßvater des Diomedes [1]). Weiterhin Vater von Alkathoos, Leukopeus, Sterope (Apollod. 1,63) sowie Laokoon [2] (Hyg. fab. 14,17; Apoll. Rhod. 1,191). Bedeutend nur als Vater des Oineus. Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)

Pyreneus

(47 words)

Author(s): Thurmann, Stephanie (Kiel)
[English version] (Πυρη…
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