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Missionary

(908 words)

Author(s): Ustorf, Werner

Tempels

(143 words)

Author(s): Ustorf, Werner
[English Version] Tempels, Placide (18.2.1906 Berlaar, Belgien – 9.10.1977 Hasselt, ebd.), einflußreicher, nicht unumstrittener franziskanischer Theologe in der Demokratischen Republik Kongo (1933–1962) und Gründer der Jamaa. T. kritisierte kolonialistische Mentalität und traditionelle Missionsmethoden. Indem er einheimische Konzepte wie »Fruchtbarkeit« und »Lebenskraft« ernst nahm (Bantoe-Filosofie, 1945/46, zahlreiche Übers.), kam es zu einem Dialog zw. Theol. und afrikanischer Ontologie (Notre R…

Witte

(77 words)

Author(s): Ustorf, Werner
[English Version] , Johannes (19.2.1877 Silligsdorf, Pommern – 7.8.1945 Buch, Berlin), ev. Missions- und Religionswissenschaftler in Berlin (Hg. der ZMR 1909–1932; Prof. 1930–1939). Schied aus der Leitung (1909–1930) der theol. liberalen Ostasien-Mission aus, als er sich der dialektischen Theologie zuwandte. Werner Ustorf Bibliography Vf. u.a.: Wandlungen in der Religionswiss. und Mission (ZMR 47, 1932, 97–122…

Schlunk

(153 words)

Author(s): Ustorf, Werner
[English Version] Schlunk, Kurt Albert Martin (6.10.1874 Calicut, Südindien – 18.2.1958 Tübingen), Missiologe und Funktionär. Theol. von G. Warneck beeinflußt, war Sch. 1908 Inspektor und 1913 Direktor der Norddeutschen Mission; 1927 Hanseatischer Missionsdirektor in Hamburg; 1928–1941 Prof. fü…

Norddeutsche Mission

(235 words)

Author(s): Ustorf, Werner
[English Version] Norddeutsche Mission, in Westafrika bekannt als »Bremen Mission« (seit 1847 Arbeit unter den Ewe [Stamm/Volk im heutigen Ghana/ Togo]), ist satzungsgemäß (2001) ein Zusammenschluß gleichberechtigter Kirchen (Council for World Mission, 1977) mit Sitz in Bremen: der Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Ghana, der Evangelical Presbyterian Church in Togo sowie der Ev.-Luth. Kirche Oldenburg, der Ev.-ref. Kirche, der Bremischen Ev. Kirche und der Ev. Landeskirche Lippe. Die Gesch. der 1…

Laymen's Foreign Missions Inquiry

(222 words)

Author(s): Ustorf, Werner
[German Version] (1932). The so-called Laymen's Report comprises Re-Thinking Missions: A Laymen's Inquiry after One Hundred Years, by a commission chaired by W. Hocking, and a seven-volume Supplementary Series, containing detailed reports from the Protestant missions to Asia and their American sponsors. The report, which provoked much controversy, is a masterpiece of missiology (Mission …

Norddeutsche Mission

(282 words)

Author(s): Ustorf, Werner
[German Version] (known in West Africa as the “Bremen Mission”); working since 1847 among the Ewe, an ethnic group in what is now Ghana and Togo. By its 2001 constitution, the mission is a combination of churches with equal rights (Council for World Mission, 1977), including the Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Ghana, the Evangelical Presbyterian Church in Togo, together with the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Oldenburg, the Evangelical Reformed Church in Germany, the Bremen Evangelical Church, and the Lippe Regional Evangelical Church. Its headquarters are in Bremen. The history of the Norddeutsche Mission, founded in Hamburg in 1836, reflects the different phases of the idea of mission: the combination of Enlightenment Humanist and Pietistic motivation; the rejection of narrow Lutheran confessionalism (the Reformed Bremen branch association assumed the leadership of the Norddeutsche Mission in 1850); the interconnection between mission and overseas trade; the ambivalent attitude towards imperialism and the increasing emphasis on mission as education (F.M. Zahn); then, the movement for the autonomy of the African church, after the internment of German missionaries during World War I, and the long refusal to allow them to return (Treaty of Versailles); the declining significance of the Norddeutsche Mission for the African church after 1945; the “switching” of mis…

Tempels, Placide

(163 words)

Author(s): Ustorf, Werner

Witte, Johannes

(91 words)

Author(s): Ustorf, Werner
[German Version] (Feb 19, 1877, Silligsdorf, Pomerania [Sielsko, Poland] – Aug 7, 1945, Buch, Berlin), Protestant missiologist and religious scholar in Berlin; editor of the Zeitschrift für Missionswissenschaft und Religionswissenschaft (1909–1932; professor 1930–1939). He headed the theologically liberal Ostasien-Mission from 1909 to 1930, but resigned when he turned to dialectical theology. Werner Ustorf…

Zahn

(565 words)

Author(s): Ustorf, Werner | Ulrichs, Hans-Georg | Swarat, Uwe
[English Version] 1.Franz Michael , (4.6.1833 Moers – 5.3.1900 Bremen), von 1862 bis zu seinem Tod Leiter der Norddeutschen Mission, Mitbegründer der Kontinentalen Missions-Konferenz (1866), enger Mitarbeiter von G. Warneck und der von diesem begründeten »Allg. Missions-Zeitschrift« (AMZ, 1874ff.). Z. war polit. liberal und ein Kritiker des prokolonialen Kurses sowie des Volkskirchengedankens in der Mission (1890 Rücktritt von der Leitung des Dt. Ev. Missionsrats). Theol. war er geprägt von der Erl…

Mission, History of

(2,979 words)

Author(s): Ustorf, Werner | de Souza, Teotonio R. | Kalu, Ogbu
[German Version] I. The Evolution of the Gospel in Human Cultures – II. Cultural and Social History of Missions – III. History of Mission, History of the Church, and History of the Reception of Christ I. The Evolution of the Gospel in Human Cultures

Agnosticism

(1,006 words)

Author(s): Löhr, Gebhard | Byrne, Peter | Ven, Johannes van der | Ustorf, Werner
[German Version] I. History of Religions – II. Philosophy of Religion – III. Practical Theology – IV. Missiology I. History of Religions The term “agnosticism” originally referred to the impossibility of attaining certain metaphysical knowledge or, with reference to transcendent questions, to gain grounded judgments. The term stems from T.H. Huxley (1869; see also II). While for Huxley, agnosticism was epistemologically justified, the use of the term today is usually motivated in a variety of ways. The Sophist Protagoras of Abdera ( On the Gods, DK 80B4), who …

People and Nationhood

(3,043 words)

Author(s): Junginger, Horst | Gertz, Jan Christian | Graf, Friedrich Wilhelm | Grethlein, Christian | Ustorf, Werner
[German Version] I. Religious Studies People and nationhood are functional political terms that serve to define a collective entity and to incorporate it into a specific context (see III below). Only since the 18th century has it been possible to speak of a German nation as the active subject of its own history. The rupture of the church at the Reformation and the subsequent wars of religion in the 16th and 17th century long prevented the development of an inclusive political or religious identity. It …

Volk/Volkstum

(2,516 words)

Author(s): Junginger, Horst | Gertz, Jan Christian | Graf, Friedrich Wilhelm | Grethlein, Christian | Ustorf, Werner
[English Version] I. ReligionswissenschaftlichVolk (V.) und Volkstum sind polit. Funktionsbegriffe, die dazu dienen, eine kollektive Einheit abzugrenzen und in einen bestimmten Sinnzusammenhang einzufügen (s.u. III.). Von einem dt. V. als Subjekt seiner Gesch. kann man erst ab dem 18.Jh. sprechen. V.a. die Kirchenspaltung und die darauf folgenden Religionskriege des 16. und 17.Jh. verhinderten die Ausbildung einer übergreifenden polit. oder rel. Identität auf lange Zeit. Ein nationales Zusammenwac…

Missiology

(7,296 words)

Author(s): Ustorf, Werner | Sundermeier, Theo | Yates, Timothy E. | Küster, Volker | Blaser, Klauspeter | Et al.
[German Version] I. History of the Discipline – II. Methodology – III. Missiology and Other Disciplines – IV. Missiological Hermeneutics – V. Topics of Missiology – VI. Research and Study I. History of the Discipline From the outset, Christians have reflected on the practical and theological questions posed by the Christian mission, as illustrated, for example, by the Pauline Epistles, the book of Acts, and, c. 600, the well-known missionary instructions of Gregory the Great. At certain critical times in the history of Chri…